BAKE 1688 to Revolutionary War

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    The colonies grew. Settlers moved west across the Appalachian Mountains into the Ohio Valley. The population of the colonies increased. The colonial economy grew and although the system of MERCANTILISM was benefiting England, colonists were not being hurt by it. They were establishing their own idenity. The Great Awakening united the colonists by reawakening religious feelings and promoting a feeling of selfreliance. The French and Indian war was costly for Great Britain.
  • Navigation Acts

    Navigation Acts
    This series of acts, or laws, was intended to control the colony's trade. They said 1- all goods shipped to and from the colonies had to be on colonial or English ships. 2- goods that England did not produce could be shipped only to England. 3- Ships from other European countries had to stop in England so taxes could be paid on their cargo.

    Although these laws were passed, they were seldom enforced. This lack of enforcing English law in the colonies was called SALUTARY NEGLECT.
  • Glorious Revolution

    Glorious Revolution
    Parliament forced King James II to leave England. No one was killed, but Parliament asked William and Mary to be the new monarchs, but insisted they sign the English Bill of Rights. The English Bill of Rights said only Parliament could raise an army or taxes. Essentially it made Parliament more powerful than the monarchy.
  • John Locke publishes Two Treatises of Civil Government (trea·tise ˈtrēdis/

    John Locke publishes Two Treatises of Civil Government  (trea·tise ˈtrēdis/
    John Locke an Enlightenment philosopher publishes this book in Europe that argues for overthrowing an illegitimate government. An illegitimate governemnt being one that does not serve the will of the people and protect their unalienable rights of life, liberty and property.
  • England, Wales and Scotland join to form Great Britain

    England, Wales and Scotland join to form Great Britain
    For many years, the colonies were essentially left alone to govern themselves. Each colony had an assembly with two houses. A lower and an upper house. In the lower house, colonists voted for representatives to make laws and pass taxes. The Upper house men were chosen by the governor of the colony. This policy of leaving the colonies alone was called salutary neglect.
  • French and Indian War

    French and Indian War
    The French had settled what they called New France in what is now Canada and Louisiana along the Mississippi River. The French did fur trading in the Ohio Valley and built forts.
  • French and Indian War

    French and Indian War
    21 year old George Washington was a soldier in this war and although he did not win many of the battles he fought in, he learned how to fight on the frontier. He showed great courage and became a war hero. This war was fought over the rights to the Ohio Valley.
  • Ben Franklin's Albany Plan

    Ben Franklin's Albany Plan
    At the Albany Congress in Albany, New York, Ben Franklin proposes the "Albany Plan". The plan was an early idea to unite the colonies "under one government as far as might be necessary for defense and other general important purposes"

    The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin, Second Edition. Yale University Press, 1964. pp.209-210
  • Proclamation of 1763

    Proclamation of 1763
    Was a declared after a Native American attack on colonists in the Ohio Valley after the French and Indian War ended. Britain thought it would be too expensive to protect colonists from Native American attacks so they said they were not allowed to settle there. Colonists had just fought and died over the Ohio Valley and were angry about this proclamation.
  • The Stamp Act

    The Stamp Act
    Parliament began passing tax laws to offset the cost of the French and Indian War and protecting the colonies.
  • Quartering Act

    Quartering Act
    Law passed saying British soldiers must be given food and housing in colonies.
  • Declaratory Act

    Declaratory Act
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    A snowball fight leads to British soldiers shooting 5 Americans.
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    Colonists dump tea into the Boston Harbor
  • First Continental Congress

    First Continental Congress
    Delegates from 12 colonies meet and send a letter to King George. King George ignores it.
  • Revolutionary War Begins

    Revolutionary War Begins
    War breaks out at Lexington and Concord
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
    A formal declaration of war is signed.