Awm.gov.au australians troops in the turkish lone pine trenches

Australia in WW1

  • Period: to

    WW1

  • Australia entered the war together with Britain

    The Australian Federal Government decided that in the event of war it would offer to Great Britain a military force of 20,000 men and place the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) under the control of the British Admiralty.
  • The AIF

    The AIF
    Dates when the Australians were being recruited the Australians started to be recruited on the 5th of August 1914 and the Major-General William Throsby Bridges was appointed to command the proposed Australian military force. they then chose a name for the new force. the Australian Imperial Force (AIF).
  • Training camp

    Training camp
    dates of when the Australians started to train Units of the AIF were sent to Mena Camp in Egypt where training commenced. It had been decided to hold the Australians and New Zealanders in Egypt because proper camps in England were not ready to receive them.
  • Gallipoli

    Gallipoli
    Picture sourceThe Australians landed at what became known as ANZAC Cove on 25 April 1915. 26,111 Australian casualties, including 8,141 deaths.
  • The sinking of the Lusitania

    The sinking of the Lusitania
    The Lusitania sunk May 7th 1915. Approximately 22.5km off the coast of Southern Ireland at Old Head of Kinsale, neither the captain nor any of his crew realized that the German U-boat, U-20, had already spotted and targeted them. At 1:40 p.m., the U-boat launched a torpedo. The torpedo hit the starboard (right) side of the Lusitania. Almost immediately, another explosion rocked the ship.The Lusitania sunk within 18 minutes.
  • Battle of Lone Pine starts

    Battle of Lone Pine starts
    Image sourceThe Lone Pine attack was launched by the 1st Brigage AIF( Australia Imperial Force) in the late afternoon on the 6th of August 1915. Australia had 4,600 men. Within half an hour Turkish trenches were under attack. The battle of Lone Pine took 4 days. Over 3000 Australians were injured in the battle.The picture on the left was taken looking back from the captured Turkish trenches at Lone Pine in September. This image is an primary source.
  • Battle of Sari Bair starts

    Battle of Sari Bair starts
    The Battle of Sari Bair is also known as the battle of Nek
  • Battle of Lone Pine finishes.

    Battle of Lone Pine finishes.
    image sourceLone Pine Cemetery.
  • Battle of Sari Bair ended

    Battle of  Sari Bair ended
    picture source This image is of the stretcher bearers of the 4th Australian Field Ambulance at Walden Grove.
  • Gallipoli ended

  • The battle of Somme starts.

    The battle of Somme starts.
    Picture sourceThe battle of the Somme started on the 1st of July in 1916.This picture shows the soilders in the battle. This is a primary source.
  • Battle of Somme starts

    Battle of Somme starts
    picture sourceOr known as the Somme Offensive is the name given to the battles fought between 1st of July and 13th November in the Somme Valley in France.
  • Battle of Fromelles started

    Battle of Fromelles started
    Fromelles was the first major battle fought by Australian troops on the Western Front.The attack towards Fromelles was preceded by a seven-hour artillery barrage, which began at 11 am on 19th July.
  • Battle of Fromelles ended

    Battle of Fromelles ended
    Picture sourceBy 8am on 20 July 1916, the battle was over. The 5th Australian Division suffered 5,533 casualties including 400 taken prisoners.Almost 2,000 of them were killed in action or died of wounds This is believed to be the greatest loss by a single division in 24 hours during the entire First World War.This picture shows Australian and German dead in the German lines at Fromelles, July 1916.
  • Australians joined the battle of the Somme

    Australians joined the battle of the Somme
    Picture source Australian troops also launched several ill-conceived and ultimately futile attacks around Flers in November.The picture shows Australian troops in action near Pozieres during the Battle of the Somme.
  • Battle of Somme ends

    Almost 60,000 casualties.
  • Battle of Passchendaele when Australians got involved

    Battle of Passchendaele when Australians got involved
    Picture sourceBattle of Passchendale sourceThe Australians joined the batlle of Passchendale. This picture shows Australian wounded infantrymen at the first battle of Passchendaele, near Zonnebele railway station. Tis picture is a primary source.
  • First Battle for Passchendaele

    First Battle for Passchendaele
    As a part of the continuing Third Battle of Ypres on the Western Front, Australian, New Zealand and British troops were involved in an unsuccessful attempt to seize the Passchendaele Ridge from the defending Germans on 12 October 1917.This picture shows the morning after the first battle of Passchendaele [Passendale] showing Australian Infantry wounded around a blockhouse near the site of Zonnebeke Railway Station, October 12, 1917.
  • Treaty of Versailles

    Treaty of Versailles
    The war had offically stoped when the Treaty of Versailles had been signed. This was the first political treaty signed by Australian officials, and the first negotiated with direct participation by Australian government representatives. With the other three British Dominions, Australia was among the 32 signatories of the Treaty, and a founding member of the League of Nations it established. The painting shows the signing of the treaty of peace at Versailles, 28 June 1919. Primary
  • Treaty of Versailles, Why it's important

    The Treaty was important to Australia and every other country who participated. There had been a lot of destruction to Germany and other countries. Almost 10,000,000 soldiers around the world died as a result of this war. The Allies wanted Germany to pay for this, so they wrote a treaty which held Germany responsible for WWI. It was called the Treaty of Versailles. Germany was reduced to 12.5% and lose heaps of population