Tobruk

8/9 World War I Timeline

  • When World War 1 Started

    When World War 1 Started
    The First World War began when Britain and Germany went to war while Netherlands stayed a neutral country in 28th July 1914.
    Prime minister of Australia Andrew Fisher decided that Australia would go to the Great War and fought on Britain’s side.
    The First World War still remains the most costly conflict in terms of deaths. 416,809 men from Australia went away and roughly 60,000 were killed and 150,000 were wounded, gassed or taken prisoner. Luke Faint, Tristan Griffiths
  • Britian and Germany declare war on eachother

    German prisoners of war being searched by British soliders at the start of the battle of the somme. 8 million troops died. 21 million troops were wounded. 200,000 men died in trenches of WW1. 80,000 british troops sufferd from shell-shock. trenches were infested with millions of rats,frogs and lice. the battle was fought on western front.
  • Australia recruits an army to send to Europe

    Australia recruits an army to send to Europe
    Australia was putting an army together.
    They were sending them to Europe to battle.
    They started recruiting on the 11 of august 1914
    Some trained before leaving Australia but others hardly had any experience.
    Australia had only been an independent country for about 13 years by ww1.
    Dylan Lockett
  • The first Australian troops to leave Australia for Egypt

    The first Australian troops to leave Australia for Egypt
    The first Australian and New Zealand troops were likely to sail from Albany, Western Australia, to Egypt only one in every three of everyone in the first convoy would come back safe at the end of the First World War. The troop’s original plan was to defend the Suez Canal in Egypt. They ran into enemy German naval vessels. The Australian and New Zealanders grouped up as the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps. Samuel Wooley
  • Australians go into action at Gallipoli

    Australians go into action at Gallipoli
    Dawn 25th of April 1915, the troops from New Zealand and Australia started the Gallipoli campaign. They landed on the western side of the peninsula. The troops captured a small area known as “Anzac” and the beach that they arrived on was called later after that “Anzac Cove”. The campaign ended on 19th and 20th of December 1915 on these days the troops were evacuated by boat at William’s pier north beach. On the 25th of April every year it is now celebrated as Anzac day,
    Ethan Warner
  • The Battle of Lone Pine

    This was one of the most famous assaults of the Gallipoli campaign. The Turkish trench was taken within twenty minutes of the initial charge. Australians leapt out of the trenches and underground firing positions after the bombardment to rush to the Turkish front line at Lone Pine. Four days’ worth of intense hand to hand fighting left over 2,000 Australian casualties. The soldiers had a tough time in the battle grounds. Lone pine was one of the Turk’s strongest positions.By Zac Havelberg
  • The charge light horse brigade

    The charge light horse brigade
    The Australian light horse were used in World War 1 and the Second Boer War used as a calvary. Sam Florance
  • The last Australians are evacuated for gallipoli.

    The last Australians are evacuated for gallipoli.
    On the night of 19th December the final 20’000 Anzacs were evacuated from Gallipoli. This is now part of modern Turkey. It was around nine o’clock, there were no ships for miles, no wind and it was dark no moonlight. They were picked up by small fishing boats. A boat called the “The Destroyer” escorted the small fishing boats.
  • The Battle of Somme

    The Battle of Somme
    1 July 1916, more than 100,000 British infantrymen were ordered from their trenches in the fields and woods north of the Somme River in France, to attack the opposing German line. Within 24 hours, the British army would suffer almost 60,000 casualties, a third of who were killed.
    A Quote: For some reason nothing seemed to happen to us at first; we strolled along as though walking in a park. Then, suddenly, we were in the midst of a storm of machine-gun bullets.
  • The Battle of Mouquet Farm

    The Battle of Mouquet Farm
    Mouquet farm was the battle site for about nine attacks for three Australian divisions in 8th of August and 3rd of September. It was near the village of Pozières in France. Mouquet farm was in a strategic position on a ridge towards north- west from the ruined village of Pozières.
  • the first conscription referendum is lost

    the first conscription referendum is lost
    As ww1 went on, casualty rates increased and the number of volunteers declined, so that by 1916 the AIF faced a shortage of men. Prime Minister Hughes proposed raising the numbers needed to maintain Australian troops at full strength at the Front by conscripting those who to date were unwilling or opposed to enlisting to fight.the first referendum was lost.
  • East Indies trade with Europe cut off by the war. russian revolution.

    East Indies trade with Europe cut off by the war. russian revolution.
    The East Indies were trading with Europe but when the Russian Revolution began it was hard for the East Indies to trade with Europe because the Russians interrupting and getting in the way of them trading.There were two revolutions, one in February 1917 and on in October 1917.
  • The !st Battle of Bullecourt

    The !st Battle of Bullecourt
    Bullecourt is a small village in northern France located near the Hindenburg line. The German Army withdrew there on 11 April 1917 and the Allied forces launched an attack at 4am. Unfortunately it was disastrous. Every tank was destroyed by 7am. There were 3,300 casualties and 1,170 were taken prisoner, all Australian.

    Nat Golder
  • The Second Battle of Bullecourt Occurs

    The Second Battle of Bullecourt Occurs
    The British Army tries to secure the fortified village of Bullecourt, France. Australian 2nd Division and British 62nd Division attacked at 3.45am. Australians breached the German forces but met with strong opposition. The Germans launched costly counter-attacks on the Australians for the next week and a half. After counter-attacks on 15 May, the Germans withdrew from the ruins of the area. The battle was not strategic but was costly; AIF casualties totalled 7,482 from Australia.
    Jack Church
  • The Battle of Messines

    The Battle of Messines
    The Battle of Messines was held at Flanders, Belgium on June 7 1917. The allies involved were United Kingdom, Australia, Canada and New Zealand, they fought against Germany. The commanders were Douglas Haig and Herbert Plumer for the Allies and Crown Prince Pupprecht of Bavaria and Sixt von Armin from Germany. 216,000 men fought for the allies while only 126,000 men fought for Germany. Allies had victory for this battle.
    By Ashleigh Green.
  • The Charge on Beersheba, By Kyle Wallace-Mitchell

    The Charge on Beersheba, By Kyle Wallace-Mitchell
    At dusk on the 31st of October 1917 the Australian 4th light horse brigade charged 54 kilometres south of Jerusalem. The British and Australian joined forces broke the Turkish line of defence and seized the town of Beersheba. 46 kilometres to the south-east the allied forces held the East. Both sides remained strong in front of the city of Gaza.This attack opened up the Ottoman defence lines for an attack on Palestine. At least 70 horses died and the Turkish defenders suffered many casualties.
  • The Australian Light Horse wins the Battle of Beersheba in Palestine

    The Australian Light Horse wins the  Battle of Beersheba in Palestine
    The battle of Beersheba was fought on 31 October 1917 as part of the British offensive known as the third Battle of Gaza. The final part of this all day battle was the famous mounted charge of the 4th Light Horse Brigade.

    Abby Ripley-Dennis
  • The Third Battle of Ypres

    The Third Battle of Ypres
    The Third Battle of Ypres was a British offensive in Flanders, 1917.
    It started on the 31st of July 1917 and ended with the fall of Passchendaele village on the 6th of November.
    The battle was a series of limited and costly attacks, often in very adverse conditions.
    It was planned to break through the German defenses enclosing Ypres.
    Today The Third Battle of Ypres is referred simply as ‘Passchendaele', the tactics used in the Third Battle of Ypres caused a lot of debate.
  • Hughes defies aussie people by introducing conscription by back door

    Hughes defies aussie people by introducing conscription by back door
    The prime minister argued for conscription. Australia needed more soldiers; 28,000 men were lost in July and August of 1916. by referendum in 1916-1917 the australian people rejected the conscription proposal. Controversially, William Hughes, leader of the labor party at the time, ajusted the old law to include conscription.
    Deanna Rice and Maddison Tyler.
  • The Father of Journaliam - Dead.

    The Father of Journaliam - Dead.
    Tirto Adhi Suryo was an Indonesian Journalist. He showed harsh critism towards the Dutch Conlonial government. He is a national hero of Indonesia, because he spoke his mind. Through his Malay language newspaper he gave people a voice. After a while his opinions on the Dutch were found to be explict and he was sent to live in Bacan. The Dutch closed his paper. He died in 1918 still in exile. The exact date of when he died is unknown.
    Emma Forbes and Mikayla Reid.
  • The battle of Villers Bretonneux and how British MARK IV tanks were involved

    The battle of Villers Bretonneux and how British MARK IV tanks were involved
    For full description go to this LinkThe battle of Villers Bretonneux took place on the 24th of April 1918 with the success of the Australian troops showing on the 25th of April with the recapture of the town. This highly commemorated Event Marks on the Very First tank versus Tank battle of history. With 3 British MARK IV tanks, 1 :”male” equipped with a 6 pound gun for anti-armour scenarios And 2 “female’s” ~Tristian Sharman
  • The Second battle of villers Bretonneux.

    The Second battle of villers Bretonneux.
    Battle of Villers took place in Bretonneux, France on the 25th of April 1918. The British Empire and Australian Army were fighting the German Empire. The Australian Army and The British Empire lost 12002 men and the German Empire lost over 10,400 men.The Battle of villers Bretonneux was the first battle to have tanks in action. The Germans only made a small number of tanks, and used them in this offensive.The overall battle was a successful counterattack by the Australian Army. ~ Anthony Jones
  • The Battle of Hamel

    The Battle of Hamel
    On the 4th of July, 1918 Australian soldiers assisted American soldiers with the capture of Hamel and areas surrounding the town, located in Northern France.The capture of Hamel took 93 minutes and was planned completely by Lietutenant John Monash. The town of Hamel aided the defences on Hill 104 and Somme areas. The attack was successful along the Western Front; they overran German positions and were able to take 1'000 German soldiers prisoner. Ionah.W & Kaitlyn.F
  • The Battle of Mont Saint-Quentin

    The Battle of Mont St Quentin was an offensive of the Allies on the Western Front as a countermeasure of the German advances in the summer of 1918. The Australian forces crossed the Somme River on the night of August 31st. They attacked and broke the German forces and held the summit of Mont St Quentin. They took the summit, but the German reserves regained it. After some fighting, however, they maanged to reclaim and hold it. It was a key defensive position of the German troops on the Somme.~AB
  • Battle of St. Quentin Canal Hindenburg line Kieran Scott 8/9A

    Battle of St. Quentin Canal Hindenburg line                           Kieran Scott 8/9A
    The English, Americans and Australian forces worked together under the command of the Australian General Sir John Monash to breach the Hindenburg line (western front line) in France. The allies attack was the first big breach in the line. The German army was led by German commander Georg von der Marwitz.
  • Allies Storm Hindenburg Line

    Allies Storm Hindenburg Line
    The British 1st and 3rd Armies, aided by Australians and the U.S, break through a 20-mile portion of the Hindenburg Line between France and Germany. The Hindenburg line was a fortifying defensive fence, made of heavy barbed wire. Behind the wire there were three rows of trenches. The Hindenburg line was attacked several times during 1917 but was finally defeated in September 1918.
    Gemma Carlsen
  • The Australian Light Horse takes Damascus in Syria.

    The Australian Light Horse takes Damascus in Syria.
    On the 1st of October 1918, the 4th Light Horse was sent by Sergeant Frank Organ, they were the first Australian Light Horse troops to enter Damascus. The on ground forces (soldiers) were soon involved in the next stage of moving forward in battle and they were on their way to Homs in Syria, when the Turks surrendered on the 30th of October. The Australian Light Horse troops went into battle with the British and Arab forces instead.
    By Marissa Tarca & Luke C
  • Armistice Day

    Armistice Day
    On November 11, 1918, the armistice between Germany and the Allies was signed for the agreement to end World War 1. It was agreed that the Allies had the victory and the Germans were defeated. The terms were written by French Marshal Ferdinand Foch. Though the armistice stopped the immediate fighting, it took a further six months for the Paris Peace Conference to negotiate the peace treaty (Treaty of Versailles). By Michaela
  • Armistice war ends

    Armistice war ends
    The most significant armistice was at 5:00 in the morning of 11th November 1918, and came into effect six hours later at 11 a.m. (eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month). Germany may have agreed an armistice on November 11, but Bulgaria called it quits on 30 September of the same year. Armistice Day, Remembrance Day or Veterans Day is commemorated in many countries involved in the First World War on November 11th every year or on the Sunday nearest to it.
  • May 1919. Mt Kelud East Java erupts.

    May 1919. Mt Kelud East Java erupts.
    May 1919 in East Java Indonesia MT Kelud. The volcano erupted, killing approximately 5,000 people.
    Kelud also known as ‘’kelut’’ is one of East Javas most active volcanos. The volcano now has a spectacular large crater that contains a lake.
    This volcano has erupted about 25 times and the earliest one was around the 1500’s and the lasts one in Oct – Nov 2007.
    During the 19th May 1919 the eruption expelled 38 million cubic metres of water from the crater lake. Declan Corby