Australia and the Gallipoli campaign

  • Period: to

    Gallipoli campaign timespan

    (20 events)
  • Allied powers declare war on Turkey

    Allied powers declare war on Turkey
    The triple Entente declare war on the Ottoman Empire, who are alligned with Germany. Image- Turkish troops
  • Australian 3rd infantry brigade arrive at lemnos island

    Australian 3rd infantry brigade arrive at lemnos island
    lemnos is approx. 96km from the Gallipoli peninsula. The troops were sent here to become part of an occupation force if Britain succeeded in capturing Forts along the Dardanelle. Image- A view of one of the islands in Lemnos Harbour
  • Decision made to invade Gallipoli peninsula

    Decision made to invade Gallipoli peninsula
    The British navy failed to capture forts at Dardanelles. A new decision was made to invade Gallipoli peninsula, and the Anzac troops would take part. The image is of the Gallipoli Peninsula seen from sea.
  • Move to the frontline

    Move to the frontline
    The Anzac corps in Egypt are ordered to move to the Front. Image- Australian troops in Egypt
  • Landing spots

    Landing spots
    HMS Queen Elizabeth takes Senior Anzac corps to view the coast of Gallipoli and select landing spots. The image is of the HMS Elizabeth at sea.
  • Arrival at Gallipoli

    Arrival at Gallipoli
    In the early morning, Australians troops began landing at Gallipoli. The rest of the troops arrived throughout the day. There were multiple Turkish attacks, but the troops managed to hold a marrow strip of land on the coast. The battle had begun. Image- Troops arriving at anzac cove.
  • Turkish counter-attacks

    Turkish counter-attacks
    The Turkish fought hard. By 3am, more than 1700 casualties had been evacuated from Anzac landing. Image- an anzac soldier standing in a wide trench which was constructed for protection against Turkish snipers.
  • Australian submarine sunk

    Australian submarine sunk
    The Australian submarine, AE2, was sunk by a Turkish torpedo boat in the sea of Marmara. Image- The AE2 submarine entering Rabaul Harbour, two ships are in the background.
  • Beachy Bill

    Beachy Bill
    The Turks started shelling the Anzacs from a new position. The Australians called it 'Beachy Bill' and 'Beachy Bill' caused over 1000 casualties at Anzac Cove. Image- A shell burst in the background of the photo was fired from Beachy Bill.
  • Turkish attack

    Turkish attack
    Another atttack at Anzac Cove, more than 10 000 casualties. Image- Australian troops going into action.
  • Bury the dead

    Bury the dead
    The Turks asked for a truce so they could bury their dead in no man's land which was between the trenches. Because of the heat, the bodies rotted causing a foul smell. Image- Australian and Turkish burying their dead during the armistice.
  • Third battle Krithia

    Third battle Krithia
    There was intial success due to the number of troops, but the mission soon failed due to the French not being able to seize vital ground. Image- troops making bombs out of jam tims filled with shrapnel and nails etc. before the battle.
  • Australian prisoners

    Australian prisoners
    Six Australians became prisoners of war to the Turks after a failed attack. Three of the men survived captivity. Image- 4 australian prisoners-of-war
  • Last Turkish attack

    Last Turkish attack
    The last Turkish attack at anzac, which was another fail. Image- An Australian field gun on the Gallipoli Peninsula.
  • Australia takes Turkish trench

    Australia takes Turkish trench
    The Australians take a Turkish trench opposite Tasmanian post. Image- Troop standing in trench at Tasmanian post.
  • Attack at Lone Pine

    Attack at Lone Pine
    Australian troops attack Turkish trenches at Lone Pine. At Lone Pine, the Turks frontline fell to the Australians, and the Turkish began fierce counter-attacks. Image- A shell bursting at Lone Pine. The trenches here were 50 yards apart.
  • Renewed attempt at Hill 60

    Renewed attempt at Hill 60
    The battle is renewed for the possession of hill 60. Some ground was gained, but they weren't able to take hold of the Turks main position. Image- Two turkish soldiers on Hill 60 at Anzac.
  • Evacuation plan

    Evacuation plan
    Detailed orders for an evacuation plan are issued. Image- Anzac beach just before the evacuaion of the troops.
  • Evacuation

    Over two nights, all of the soldiers that remained, were withdrawn from the Anzac area of Gallipoli. There were no casualties, and the Turks were unaware that an evacuation was taking place. The evacuation of Anzac Cove, was the most successful part of the whole campaign. Image- A mounted gun abandoned during the evacuation.
  • Troops brought to Lemnos.

    Troops brought to Lemnos.
    After evacuation, all the Australian troops went back to Lemnos. They celebrated Christmas here, and the end to their time at Gallipoli. Image- The tent lines of the 22nd battalion at lemnos island, where their first Christmas mail was handed out.