World War One Timeline

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  • Assassination of Austrian Archduke

    Assassination of Austrian Archduke
    Franz Ferdinand and family the Austrian archduke, and his wife. He was heir to the throne. A Serbian man, Gavrilo Princip, who believed in independence for his country, killed Franz. He believed that the assassination would help his country to revolutionize.
  • Austria declared war on Serbia

    Austria declared war on Serbia
    Austria declared war on Serbia, triggering World War I. Both Austria and Serbia had allies which pulled in more and more countries, the beginning of a global fight.
  • The Schleiffen Plan

    The Schlieffen Plan was a plan made by German man, von Schlieffen. His plan was to strike France and Russia as they were Germany’s biggest enemies and they strived for revenge. His troops striked France first to distract Russia, and then would strike Russia when they were not ready, and would win the battle. Fortunately, the plan failed because they had wrong timing and Russia striked Germany while most troops were in France.
  • Battle of the Frontiers

    Battle of the Frontiers was a battle taken place on the eastern frontier of France and southern Belgium. It lasted for 10 days and was sparked by Germany. (France, UK, Belgium vs. Germany, Bavaria) Germany won.
  • Battle of Mons

    Battle of Mons
    Battle of Mons was the first major battle of WWI. It was the British’s first attack on Germany, on the industrial region of Mons. The battle was hard and heavy and lasted for two days. This battle did not have a winner.
  • First Battle of Champagne

    First Battle of Champagne was fought in the region of Champagne in France. It was between the French and German and France’s alliance, England. The battle lasted until 17 March 1915 and a lot of the time France was waiting in trenches for the attacks. The result was indecisive.
  • The sinking of HMS Formidable

    The sinking of HMS Formidable by two torpedoes from a German submarine. The first torpedo hit the port side and the second torpedo heavily hit the star board. This caused the ship to tilt to the starboard. Whilst that was happening it was raining and hailing and the ocean had 30 foot waves slashing at the ship. It sunk in under 2 hours.
  • Gallipoli Campaign: 200 ships made for invasian of Turkey

    Gallipoli Campaign: 200 ships made for invasian of Turkey
    On the harbour of Mudros, Lemnos, 200 ships were assembled for the British and French and their Allies to invade Turkey. Who was Germany's allie.
  • Gallipoli Campaign: Australians landing on Gallipoli

    Te English pretty much had no plan and told Australia to disembard at Gallipoli. The Turks had seen the ships coming closer for hours so they were prepared to fire. The Australians landed at what is now known as ANZAC cove and the Turks started shooting straight away. The Australians had lost more than half their soldiers just getting on shore. The ones that had survived had no where to go but the nearer side of the cliff as it was harder for the Turks to get them there.
  • Period: to

    The Gallipoli Campaign

    The Gallipoli Campaign started 25 April 1915 and lasted right until 9 January 1916. The plan was for the Allies to take over the surrounding lands of Dardanelles as the strait would open a gate way to Gallipolli. Seizing Gallipoli would give the Allies easy access to supply Russia with supplies because they were struggling. The Turkish were allies with Germany, and had suspected this would happen so they opened up mines in the Dardenelles.
  • Gallipoli Campaign: the Allies landed on the Gallipoli peninsula

    Gallipoli Campaign: the Allies landed on the Gallipoli peninsula
    The Allies formed a line across the tip of the Gallipoli Peninsula. To cave in on Turkish troops. They failed to take any towns of the Turish peninsula.
  • Sinking of the Lusitania

    Lusitania was a passenger ship with American civilians as passengers, going from New York to Liverpool. At the time, any ships that would sail through European war zone was a potential target for Germany. Even though the captain knew this he still went on with sailing it. Germany suspected the Lusitania was a supply ship for their enemy, England, and fired it. It sunk and 1153 crew and passengers drowned.
  • The Brusilov Offensive

    The Brusilov Offensive, it was known as one of the deadliest battles of WWI. It was a major offensive against the armies of the Triple Alliance (Germany, Austria, Italy) in what is now the Ukraine. The battle lasted through August and achieved several goals, including distracting Germany from Verdun and severely crippling Austro-Hungarian Army.
  • London attacked by German zeppelins

    The Germans used the advantage of zeppelins because they could fly all along England and back to Germany. The main zeppelin that managed to bomb central caused more than half a billion pounds of damage. It killed 181 lives and injured 455.
  • The evacuation of Gallipoli

    The evacuation of Gallipoli
    The ANZACS evacuation plan took over two days and two nights. Firstly, they slowly let enough troops row bandage wrapped oars to British ships waiting ashore to sail away. But not too many at once because they didn't want the Turks to find out they were leaving as it would start some sort of battle. To make it seem as though the same amount of soldiers were there the ANZACS would put a whole in a pan that dripped into another one that set off a trigger of a gun. The evacutation was successful.
  • Conscription was introduced and began in Britain

    Conscription was when you were forced to go in the military.
  • Battle of Jutland

    Battle of Jutland, it was a way to kill of Britain’s large navy crew. It was WW1’s biggest naval battle. Vice-Admiral Scheer ordered the Germans to assault a fleet north west of Denmark and sunk twice as many ships they had lost. No side won but lots of lives were lost and damage was made.
  • The beginning of the Brasilov offense

    Russia had been having a hard time before hand. They lost many troops from other battles. They needed a new plan to overcome this. They conscripted more soldiers and were targeting the triple Alliance (Italy, Germany, Austria). It was quite a success as they distracted German troops and weakened the Austro-Hungarian army greatly. The battle was one of the deadliest and ended in August.
  • Battle of Somme

    It was an attack from the French and British on the German Forces. It was taken place at the Somme River in north of France
  • The United States of America announced war on Germany

    This was finally triggered by many actions Germany had done that affected America. Some were the sinking of the Lusitania and the Zimmerman Telegram. The Zimmerman Telegram was a message Germany sent to Mexico saying that if America ever declared war on Mexico, Germany would protect Mexico and declare war on America.
  • Battle of Passchendaele

    Battle of Passchendaele, also known as the third battle of Ypres, and was nicknamed the Battle of the Mud. It was the major British offence in Flanders; their plan was to weaken the strong forces of Germany and break through to attack their boat bases on the coast of Belgium. The battle lasted until 6th of November. There was heavy rain in August and October which made it harder for both sides. In the end, the Canadian Army captured Passchendaele and the Allies lost half a million casualties and
  • Australians help the British drive the Germans out of Villers-Bretonneux

    Australians help the British drive the Germans out of Villers-Bretonneux, a town in northern France. Germany had captured the French town and the British were attacking the Germans to help defend the people of the town. German forces were too strong so Australian soldiers quickly came in the help of their allie and came up from behind. The Germans advance on the British in Villers-Bretonneux no longer existed as Australia was there to help. Thousands of Australian soldiers died.
  • Treaty of Versailles was signed

    Post war, the Treaty of Versailles was signed. The treaty was a “take it or leave it” for the Germans, with a threat war would resume. The treaty stated that Germany would take full responsibility for the war, German military would have restrictions and they would have to lose control of its colonies.
  • The second Battle of Marne

    The Germans had reached the Marne River which is east of Paris. That was leaving Paris dangerously exposed. The Germans launched their final drive towards Paris; fortunately the French were supported by British and American troops which held back the Germans. The next two days the Allies kept firing at the Germans and they were back to where they started. A massive advantage for the Allies but a major loss of life.
  • The Germans signed an agreement with the Allies

    The Germans signed an agreement with the Allies, which officially ended WW1. As the Allie troops expanded, Germany was declining. A few days before that, Germany became a republic and was now independent. At 5am on November the 11th an armistice was signed in a railroad car parked in a French forest.