• Period: to

    POST WW2: Selected Aisan Timeline

    Communists take power in China
    Wars in Korea and Vietnam
    South East Nations Gain Independence
    Nationalism in India and southwest asia
  • The 38th parallel

    The 38th parallel
    After the surrender of Japan in 1945, the parallel was established as the boundary by Dean Rusk and Charles Bonesteel of the US State-War Navy Coordinating Committee in Washington during the night of 10–11 August 1945, four days before the complete liberation of Korea.
  • Mao Zedong and the Communists gained control China

    Mao Zedong and the Communists gained control China
    In October 1949, Mao Zedong gained control China. He proclaimed it the
    People’s Republic of China. Jiang and other Nationalist leaders retreated to the
    island of Taiwan, which Westerners called Formosa.
  • the philippines becomes an independent nation

    The Philippines became the first of the world’s colonies to achieve independence
    following World War II. The United States granted the Philippines independence
    in 1946, on the anniversary of its own Declaration of Independence, the Fourth
    of July.
  • Burma becomes a sovereign republic

    Burma becomes a sovereign republic
    Britain’s timetable for granting independence to its
    Southeast Asian colonies depended on local circumstances.
    Burma had been pressing for independence from Britain for
    decades. It became a sovereign republic in 1948.
  • Indonesia gians it Independance

    Indonesia gians it Independance
    Leading the effort to establish an
    independent Indonesia was Sukarno (soo•KAHR•noh), known only by his one
    name. In August 1945, two days after the Japanese surrendered, Sukarno proclaimed Indonesia’s independence and named himself president. A guerrilla army
    backed him. The Dutch, supported initially by Britain and the United States,
    attempted to regain control of Indonesia. But after losing the support of the United
    Nations and the United States, the Dutch agreed to grant Indonesia its indepe
  • Standoff at the 38th Parallel

    On June 25, 1950, North Koreans swept across
    the 38th parallel in a surprise attack on South Korea. Within days, North Korean
    troops had penetrated deep into the south. President Truman was convinced that
    the North Korean aggressors were repeating what Hitler, Mussolini, and the
    Japanese had done in the 1930s. Truman’s policy of containment was being put
    to the test. And Truman resolved to help South Korea resist communism.
  • Communist: Chinese and Soviets signed a treaty of friendship in 1950.

    Communist: Chinese and Soviets signed a treaty of friendship in 1950.
    sometime in 1950
  • Agrarian Reform Law of 1950

    Agrarian Reform Law of 1950
    Mao seized the holdings of these
    landlords. His forces killed more than a million landlords
    who resisted. He then divided the land among the peasants.
    Later, to further Mao’s socialist principles, the government
    forced peasants to join collective farms. Each of these farms
    was comprised of 200 to 300 households.
  • China Interviens to aid North Korea

    The UN
    troops pursued the retreating North
    Koreans across the 38th parallel into
    North Korea. They pushed them
    almost to the Yalu River at the
    Chinese border. The UN forces were
    mostly from the United States. The
    Chinese felt threatened by these
    troops and by an American fleet off
    their coast. In October 1950, they
    sent 300,000 troops into North Korea
  • China took control of Tibet

    China took control of Tibet
    Some time in 1951: China took control of Tibet. The Chinese
    promised autonomy to Tibetans, who followed their religious leader, the Dalai
    Lama. When China’s control over Tibet tightened in the late 1950s, the Dalai Lama
    fled to India
  • Natinlization of indsutry

    Mao also transformed industry and business.
    Gradually, private companies were nationalized, or brought
    under government ownership. In 1953,
  • Mao Lunches Five Plan.

    Mao Lunches Five Plan.
    Mao launched a
    f ive-year plan that set high production goals for industry.
    By 1957, China’s output of coal, cement, steel, and electricity had increased dramatically
  • Korean War: Armistice

    UN forces fought to drive the Chinese and North
    Koreans back. By 1952, UN troops had regained control of South Korea. Finally,
    in July 1953, the UN forces and North Korea signed a cease-fire agreement. The
    border between the two Koreas was set near the 38th parallel, almost where it had
    been before the war. In the meantime, 4 million soldiers and civilians had died.
  • Battle of Dien Bien Phu, France surrenders to Ho Chi Minh

    Battle of Dien Bien Phu, France surrenders to Ho Chi Minh
    Vie t n ame s e Na t i o n a l i s t s a n d
    Communists joined to fight the French armies. The French
    held most major cities, but the Vietminh had widespread support in the countryside. The Vietminh used hit-and-run tactics
    to confine the French to the cities. In France the people began
    to doubt that their colony was worth the lives and money the
    struggle cost. In 1954, the French suffered a major military
    defeat at Dien Bien Phu. They surrendered to Ho.
  • "The Great Leap Forward"

    "The Great Leap Forward"
    To expand the success of the
    first Five-Year Plan, Mao proclaimed the “Great Leap Forward” in early 1958. This
    plan called for still larger collective farms, or communes. By the end of 1958, about
    26,000 communes had been created. The average commune sprawled over 15,000
    acres and supported over 25,000 people. In the strictly controlled life of the communes, peasants worked the land together. They ate in communal dining rooms, slept
    in communal dormitories, and raised children in communal nurser
  • India welcomes many Tibetan refugees after a failed revolt in Tibet

    India welcomes many Tibetan refugees after a failed revolt in Tibet
  • Skrimishs Between India and China over the two countries’ unclearborder

    Skrimishs Between India and China over the two countries’ unclearborder
  • Assassination of Ngo Dinh Diem

    Assassination of Ngo Dinh Diem
    Gradually, the Vietcong won control of large areas of
    the countryside. In 1963, a group of South Vietnamese generals had Diem assassinated. But the new leaders were no more popular than he had been. It appeared that a
    takeover by the Communist Vietcong, backed by North Vietnam, was inevitable.
  • America Enter Vietnamese war

    America Enter Vietnamese war
    In August 1964, U.S. President Lyndon Johnson told
    Congress that North Vietnamese patrol boats had attacked two U.S. destroyers in
    the Gulf of Tonkin. As a result, Congress authorized the president to send U.S.
    troops to fight in Vietnam. By late 1965, more than 185,000 U.S. soldiers were in
    combat on Vietnamese soil. U.S. planes had also begun to bomb North Vietnam.
    By 1968, more than half a million U.S. soldiers were in combat there.
  • Ferdinand Marcos becomes President

    Ferdinand Marcos becomes President
    s Ferdinand Marcos was elected president of the
    Philippines in 1965. The country suffered under his rule from 1966 to 1986.
    Marcos imposed an authoritarian regime and stole millions of dollars from the public treasury. Although the constitution limited Marcos to eight years in office, he
    got around this restriction by imposing martial law from 1972 to 1981. Two years
    later, his chief opponent, Benigno Aquino, Jr., was assassinated as he returned from
    the United States to the Philippines, lured b
  • Malaysia is Established.

    In 1957, officials created the Federation of Malaya from Singapore, Malaya,
    Sarawak, and Sabah. The two regions—on the Malay Peninsula and on northern
    Borneo—were separated by 400 miles of ocean. In 1965, Singapore separated from
    the federation and became an independent city-state. The federation, consisting of
    Malaya, Sarawak, and Sabah, became known as Malaysia. A coalition of many ethnic groups maintained steady economic progress in Malaysia.
  • "The Cultural Revolution"

    "The Cultural Revolution"
    In 1966, he urged China’s young people to “learn revolution by making revolution.” Millions of
    high school and college students responded. They left their
    classrooms and formed militia units called Red Guards.
    The Cultural Revolution The Red Guards led a major
    uprising known as the Cultural Revolution. Its goal was to
    establish a society of peasants and workers in which all
    were equal. The new hero was the peasant who worked with
    his hands. The life of the mind—intellectual and artistic
  • Indonessia: Suharto succedes Sukarno

    Indonessia: Suharto succedes Sukarno
    Suharto, officially named president in 1967, turned Indonesia into a police state
    and imposed frequent periods of martial law. Outside observers heavily criticized
    him for his annexation of nearby East Timor in 1976 and for human rights violations there. Suharto’s government also showed little
    tolerance for religious freedoms.
  • U.S. begiens withdrawing troops from Vietnam

    President Richard Nixon
    began withdrawing U.S. troops from Vietnam in 1969.
    Nixon had a plan called Vietnamization. It allowed
    for U.S. troops to gradually pull out, while the South
    Vietnamese increased their combat role. To pursue
    Vietnamization while preserving the South Vietnamese
    government, Nixon authorized a massive bombing campaign against North Vietnamese bases and supply routes.
    He also authorized bombings in neighboring Laos and
    Cambodia to destroy Vietcong hiding places.
  • The MNLF Struggles for independance for the Philipenes

    The MNLF Struggles for independance for the Philipenes
    Since gaining its independence, the Philippines
    has had to battle its own separatist group. For centuries, the southern part of the country has been a stronghold of Muslims known as the Moros. In the early 1970s, a group
    of Moros formed the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF). They began an armed
    struggle for independence from Philippine rule.
  • Vietman War Ends. Communists win

    the North Vietnamese overran
    South Vietnam. The war ended, but more than 1.5 million
    Vietnamese and 58,000 Americans lost their lives.
  • The Cambodian Genocide Begins

    The Cambodian Genocide Begins
    In 1975, Communist rebels known
    as the Khmer Rouge set up a brutal Communist government under the leadership of Pol Pot. In a ruthless attempt
    to transform Cambodia into a Communist society, Pol Pot’s
    followers slaughtered 2 million people. This was almost one
    quarter of the nation’s population. The Vietnamese invaded
    in 1978. They overthrew the Khmer Rouge and installed a
    less repressive government. But fighting continued. The
    Vietnamese withdrew in 1989. In 1993, under the supervision of UN pe
  • Indonessia Annexs East Timor

    Indonessia Annexs East Timor