AP US History Chapter 4 Concepts: The Road to Revolution

  • Period of Benign Neglect

    a) 1607-1673
    - England & American colonies
    -England slowly paying less attention to colonies
    - Few officials visited America
    -Parliamentary leaders did not work towards imperial organization
    - Overlapping and confusion of Authority
    - People appointed by royal appointments led colonies
    b) Depended on support of merchants
    - Didn't enforce Navigation Acts strictly
    c) 1763: Ended b/c of Seven Years War
    - Colonies allowed to grow on their own
  • Navigation Act of 1651

    ~Laws passed by Parliement,
    ~required all trade colonies did to done using English vessels
    ~led to the Anglo-Dutch War of 1652.
  • Navigation Act of 1663

    a) July 27th 1663
    ~American Colonists & Mother England
    ~All trade which went to colonies must go through England
    b) To protect England’s interests in the West Indies & North America
    c) Colonial trade restricted Angry colonists English taxes on goods to colonies
  • Navigaiton Act of 1673

    a) 1673
    ~American Colonists & English Government
    ~ Forced duties on colonial trade
    b) people ignoring the previous acts
    c) Colonists way more angry than before
  • Navagation Acts 1691

    ~restrict trade between colonies & foreign countries
    ~England's Mercantalistic made people of england happy

    ~ because increases wealth Colonists
    unhappy beacause limit trade & less wealth
  • French and Indian War (Seven Years War)

    a) 1754-1763
    ~French & Native Indian tribes War between France and Great Britain
    ~overTrade and land
    b) France was in territory claimed by Virginia French
    ~British built and destroyed each other's forts
    c) Britaim wins French territory in Canada
    ~Third Carnatic War in Asia
    ~Eventually led to American War of Independence
  • Albany Plan

    a) July, 1754
    ~Proposed by Benjamin Franklin
    ~Parliament sets up one general government
    ~each colony keeps present constitution
    b) Delegates met to decide on relations with natives (Iroquois) ~Need for intercolonial unity
    c) Central gov't. governs all relations w/ Indians Union formed b/t colonies
  • Pontiac's Rebellion

    a) 1763
    - Ottawa, Wyindots, Ojibwa, Potawatamis Indians & Detroit colonists
    - Ottawa chief (Pontiac)
    b) Ottawa attack on Detroit
    - Campaign to get rid of British from previously French land
    c) Widespread sieges
    - Indian alliances formed and broke
    - Pontiac signs British treaty in 1766
  • Treaty of Paris

    ~British and French
    ~Treaty signed end of 7 Years War
    b) British victory
    c) Frech cedes land to Britain
    - colonies in West Indian Islands, Inda, Canada, and lands east of Mississippi River
    -British debt High
    - English contempt for colonists
  • Prime Minister, George Grenville

    a) 1763-1765
    - Brother-in-law of William Pitt
    - Prime minister appointed by King George III
    b) agreed with British mindset against colonies
    c) tried to impose new system of control
    - authority over colonies increased
  • Proclamation of 1763

    a) forbade settlers settling past appalachian mts
    ~King George III &Colonists British North America
    b) Land Gained By French
    ~Conflicts w/ Indians
    c) Dissatisfaction of Settlers Colonists
    ~Wanted to travel past the line British
    ~Wanted to limit expenses for protection of settlers
  • Paxton Boys & Rebellion

    a) 1763
    - Group of outlaws in west Pennsylvania
    - descended on Philadelphia
    b) Demanded lesser colonial taxes
    - Wanted $$ to defend against Indians
    c) - Gov't. made concessions
    - Influenced other rebellions/movements
    - Greater representation in Parliament granted
  • Stamp Act of 1765

    a) tax created by the parliment on the Colonies England, British North America Parliment, colonists
    b) Need $ to pay expenses during 7 yr war
    c) Colonists displeased w/ taxes
    ~No Taxation w/o representation British
    ~Need money & hence agree Colonists
    ~Displeased want representation Opposition
    ~Riots - civil disobedience
    ~where ppl attack buildings/ officials
    ~Boycotts: non violent disobedience,
    ~no buy stuff
  • Oppositon to Stamp Act

    ~Patrick Henry: Americans have same rights as English
    - Stamp Act Congress - Intercolonial congress for action against new tax
    Sons of Liberty - Group of men that led Bostonian riots - Terrorized stamp agents
    - Sam Adams - "Most effective radical in the colonies"
    - Openly voiced outrage @ British
    - Proposed "committee of correspondence
    Virigina Resolves- argued that only Virginia General Assembly can tax ppl
  • 1767 Townsend Duties

    a) - Charles Townshend
    - 1767
    - Levied taxes
    b) enforce laws & raise revenue
    c) Colonies could not logically object
    -Colonists angered
    - felt they were taxed w/o consent to raise revenue
  • Boston Massacre

    a) 1770
    - Customs officers
    ~Bostonian colonists
    - Attack "guilty" customs commissioners
    b) Still angry about Townsend Duties
    c) Many dead
    - Sam Adams attract support
    - Victims considered martyrs
  • Philosophy of Revolt incl. John Locke (Enlightment Ideas)

    a) 1770
    ~ John Locke: father Classical liberalism, social contract theory
    ~period of freedom and rights ideal spread
    b) Spread of ideals from Europe to North America
    C) inspire colonist to think for themselves
    ~gave colonist reason to revolt
    ~britsh thought harmful
    ~too successful
    ~powerful goverment
  • Regulator Movement Revolts (Carolinas)

    ~colonists took up arms against corrupt officials
    ~unsuccesful N & S Carolinas colonists vs. British official
    b) corruption in Govt
    c) unsuccesful but catalyst in Revolution
    ~British saw as Traitors and Criminals
    ~Colonists saw as right actions for better Govt
  • Tea Act of 1773

    ~East Indian company
    b) company----> bankrupt
    c) Boycotts ----> bought colony together----> Boston Tea Party
  • Sam Adams & Committees fo Correspondence

    a)non-official govt establised by patriotic leaders British North America
    ~before Rev. Sam Adams & other Patriots
    b) Grievances against British Rule in North America
    c) Preceded Actual govt in Post Rev. era
    ~British saw as traitors
    ~Colonists saw this as necessary for right protection
  • 1774 Intolerable Acts (Coercive Acts)

    a) 1774
    - Massachusetts
    - Parliament and colonies
    b) Bostonians refused pay for destruction in Boston Tea Party
    c) Massachussetts isolated
    - Increased colonial resistance
    Proclamation of Edenton:
    - October 1774
    - 51 women

    - declared anti-British resolutions
  • 1774 First Continental Congress

    a) 1774
    - Philadelphia
    - 12 colonial delegates
    b) was response to Intolerable Acts
    c) Declaration of Rights of Grievances
    - Discontinued Declaratory Act of 1766
  • 1775 Lexington

    a) 1775
    - Lexington, Massachusetts
    - General Thomas Gage
    b) Surprise colonists
    Seize illegal supplies
    c) Patriots found out & prepared w/ minutemen
    -Rallied colonists
    - First steps ----> The War for Independence
  • 1775 Concord

    a) 1775
    ~Concord, Massachusets
    ~1st battle of American Rev along w/ LexingtonProvince of Mass Bay
    ~British, Colonists,
    ~10th Regiment, Militia
    b) Conflict btwn British and Colonists
    c) "Shots heard around the World"
    ~British: insignificant little rebellion
    ~Colonists: 1st shots American Revolution
  • Thomas Paine's Common Sense

    a) 1776
    ~Thomas Paine's Common Sense
    - Philadelphia
    - Thomas Paine
    b) Exposed unintelligence of continuing to believe in reconciling with Britain
    c) Changed American outlook
    -turned people to be anger towards English constitution
  • Declaration of Independence

    a) Philadielphia 1776
    Expressed ideas that voiced throughout colonies
    b) Colonies wanted freedom from British Empire
    c) American Revolution Inspired French Revolution
    -Declaration of Rights of Man Encouraged Patriotism Divisons within American society Thomas Jefferson: Argued they had same rights as their ancestors
    ~so they should be able to govern themselves.