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American Revolution

  • French and Indian War

    French and Indian War
    b) The French and Indian War was between Britain and France c) a dispute between territories. d) The British armies' competence were questioned
  • Writ of Assistance

    b) a general search warrant that allowed customs officials to search any colonial ship or building believed to be holding smuggled goods c) to ensure that merchants were not doing business in any French-held territories d) enabled British officials to enter and search colonial homes whether there was evidence of smuggling or not
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    b) The end of the French and Indian War c) To end the French and Indian War between France and Britain d) Colonists were not allowed the settle beyond the Proclamation Line.
  • Proclamation of 1763

    b) established a Proclamation Line along the Appalachians, which the colonists were not allowed to cross c) avoid further costly conflicts with Native Americans d) The Colonists were eager to expand westward from the increasingly crowded Atlantic seaboard
  • Sugar Act & Response

    b) halved the duty on foreign-made molasses so that colonists would pay a lower tax; placed duties on certain imports that had not been taxed before; provided colonists accused of violating the act would be tried in a vice-admiralty court rather than a colonial court c) Great Britain had borrowed so much money during the war that it nearly doubled its national debt d) it convinced the colonists that the British government did not care about their needs.
  • Stamp Act & Response

    b) imposed a tax on documents and printed items such as wills, newspapers, and playing cards c) The new regulations had little effect on colonists besides merchants and traders d) the first tax that affected colonists directly because it was levied on goods and services
  • Sons of Liberty & Samuel Adams

    b) Boston shopkeepers, artisans, and laborers organized a secret resistance group c) the colonists united to defy the law
  • Declaratory Act

    b) asserted Parliament’s full right “to bind the colonies and
    people of America in all cases whatsoever.” c) because the colonists revolted
  • Townshend Acts & Response

    b) taxed goods that were imported into the colony from
    Britain, such as lead, glass, paint, and paper c) because the colonists revolted d) Led by men such as Samuel Adams, one of
    the founders of the Sons of Liberty, the colonists again boycotted British goods
  • John Locke's Social Contract

    b) every society is based on a social contract—an agreement in which the people consent to choose and obey a government so long as it safeguards their natural rights c) If the government violates that social contract by taking away or interfering with those
    rights, people have the right to resist and even overthrow the government
  • Boston Massacre

    b) a mob gathered in front of the Boston Customs House and taunted the British soldiers standing guard there c) the colonists revolted and protested d) Colonial leaders quickly labeled the confrontation the Boston Massacre.
  • Tea Act

    b) The act granted the company the right to sell tea to the colonies free of the taxes that colonial tea sellers had to pay c) Lord North devised the Tea Act in order to save the nearly bankrupt British East India Company d) the “Indians” dumped 18,000 pounds of the East India Company’s tea into the waters of Boston harbor.
  • Boston Tea Party

    b) In this incident, later known as the Boston Tea Party, the “Indians” dumped 18,000 pounds of the East India Company’s tea into the waters of Boston harbor c) North hoped the American colonists would simply buy the cheaper tea; instead, they protested dramatically.
  • Intolerable Acts

    b) One law shut down Boston harbor; the Quartering Act authorized British commanders to house soldiers in vacant private homes and other buildings; General Thomas Gage, commander-in-chief of British forces in North America, was appointed the new governor of Massachusetts. To keep the peace, he placed Boston under martial law, or rule imposed by military forces
  • First Continental Congress

    b)56 delegates met in Philadelphia and drew up a declaration of colonial rights c) defended the colonies’ right to run their own affairs and stated that, if the British used force against the colonies, the colonies should fight back
  • Minutemen

    b) civilian soldiers who pledged to be ready to fight against the British on a minute’s notice c) Colonists had become enemies of Britain and now held Boston and its encampment of British troops under siege
  • Second Continental Congress

    b) colonial leaders called the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia to debate their next move c) Some delegates called for independence, while others argued for reconciliation with Great Britain. Despite such differences, the Congress agreed to recognize the colonial militia as the Continental Army and appointed George Washington as its commander
  • Midnight Riders

    b) Paul Revere, William Dawes, and Samuel Prescott rode out to spread word that the British were coming
  • Olive Branch Petition

    b) Congress sent the king the so-called Olive Branch Petition c) urging a return to “the former harmony” between Britain and the colonies
  • Publication of Common Sense

    b) a widely read 50-page pamphlet titled Common Sense, Paine attacked King George and the monarchy c) He also stated that independence would give American colonists the chance to create
    a better society—one free from tyranny, with equal social and economic opportunities for all
  • Declaration of Independence

    b) Virginia lawyer Thomas Jefferson was chosen to prepare the final draft; declared the rights of “Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness” to be “unalienable” rights; a government’s legitimate power can only come from the consent of the governed, and that when a government denies their unalienable rights, the people have the right to “alter or abolish” that government; “all men are created equal.”;