American History Timeline CI

  • Founding of Jamestown

    It was the 1st permanent British settlement in North America founded by the Virginia Company and led by captain John Smith. It was unsuccessful due to quarreling governing council and starvation.
  • Founding of Massachussets Bay Colony

    A colony founded by English Puritans (people seeking to create a purer church of England- not separate from it like the Pilgrims). It was governed by John Winthrop.
  • Founding of Plymouth Colony and Mayflower Compact

    A colony founded by the Pilgrims( English settlers seekng religious freedom) in Plymouth , Massachusetts. They wrote the Mayflower Compact in Dec 1620 which was an agreement for how they would govern their new colony.
  • Pequot War

    Conflict betweent the Pequot Indians and the English colonists in Massachusetts over land
  • House of Burgesses

    A representative assmbly in colonial Virginia that made the first lasws for the Jamestown colony.
  • King Philip's War

    Was an armed conflict between Native American (led by Metacom or King Phillip-Indian Chief) and English settlers over land in New England
  • Bacon's Rebellion

    A raid led by Nathaniel Bacon against the governor of Virginia and Native Americans in retaliation for Native Americans over land ownership
  • Salem Witch Trials

    Series of trials that take place in Massachusetts where suspected witches were trialed as criminals
  • French and Indian War

    A series of battles that took place between 1754 and 1763 between the British settlers and the French (and their allies- the Native Americans)
    Cause:The French thought the Brtitish were taking over their land between Virginia and Canada
    Effect: the British won and received Canada from France and Florida from Spain.
  • Stamp Act

    Cause:Direct tax proposed by British on the colonists's papers goods and documents. They were required to have a stamp put on them showing that tax was paid
    Effect:Angered the colonists because it was a British tax
  • Quartering Act

    Act requiring colonists to house and feed Bristish soldiers that angered the colonists
  • Boston Massacre

    Uprisingby colonists against British soldiers guarding the Boston customs house.
  • Boston Tea Party

    A protest by colonists against British tea tax. British tea was dumped into Boston harbor.
  • Tea Act

    An act passed by the British to allow colonits to buy tea directly from the British East India Company, Seen by the colonists as a ploy by the British to keep taxing them.
  • Intolerable Acts

    A series of harsh laws passed by British Paliament to punish Boston for the Boston Tea Party.
  • Lexington and Concord

    The frst military battle of the US Revolutionary War where the colonists fought against Great Britain for over their independence.
  • Declaration of Independence

    The document that declaring that the 13 English colonies were a free and independent nation from Great Britain
  • Shay's Rebellion

    Shay's Rebellion
    This conflict in Massachusetts caused many to criticize the Articles of Confederation and admit the weak central government was not working; uprising led by Daniel Shays in an effort to prevent courts from foreclosing on the farms of those who could not pay the taxes
  • Texas Independence

    The Republic of Texas was formed with Sam Houston becoming its preseident. It was free from Mexican control, and was not yet part of the US. This followed battles between Mexico and Texas settlers over the Mexican laws and control.
  • Mexican American War

    Cause: Conflict between Mexico and US over land in Texas that the Mexicans claimed was theirs, as well as land in California and New Mexico.

    Effect: Treaty of Hidalgo (US wins Calif and New Mexico)
  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

    Peace treaty between US and Mexico that ended the Mexican -American War. Mexico gave up California and Mexico for $15 million.
  • Wounded Knee Massacre

  • Spanish-American War

    Cause-Hostility between US and Spain over Cuba
    Effect: US wins and gains the territories of Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guam and the Phillipines with Cuba retaining self rule