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American History

  • Gold Mining

    Gold Mining
    Many people from all over the world would rush to California in hopes that they would strike gold or silvers. Around 1859 there were gold and silver strikes over 100,000. It continued on into Colorado and Nevada. People became wealthy from selling mining tools to the miners. All that struck boomtowns.
  • The McClellan Family

    The McClellan Family
    The Civil war started in the McClellan family yard, and they decided to move to get away from it. After finding a place to relax and get away, the civil war ended up being settled in the McClellan family parlor.
  • Battle of Manassas

    Battle of Manassas
    Lee routed federal forces under John Pope. Lee marched his men North hoping to draw the union into a battle, but failed because one of the southern soldiers dropped a piece of paper which had all their plans on it.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    It was the second and last attempt to invade Northern Virginia by the South. General Meade led the North and Lee led the South. It was a 3 day battle which was won by the North. An important thing was Pickett’s charge, they thought it would be okay to march across the union line and they failed with 5000 casualties.
  • Freedmen’s Bureau

    Freedmen’s Bureau
    The freedmen's bureau provided food, shelter, and other necessities for millions of former slaves. They thrived to help former slaves get on their feet. They did certain things like give them 40 acres of land and $100 to build a house. It was their to help former slaves until they can support themselves.
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    In December 1865 the 13th Amendment was ratified. It outlawed slavery in the U.S which meant that slavery was and had to be over in American. But it also tells us that “slavery” is okay if it is a punishment and that went for all colors and genders.
  • Railroad boom

    Railroad boom
    Because of mining it encouraged westward expansion on the railroads. Railroads fulfilled the plan to build trains and encouraged them to build a railroad from coast to coast. This all sparked things like safety breaks, sleeping cars, and most importantly time zones.
  • Barbed wire

    Barbed wire
    In 1874 Joseph glided received a patent for his invention of barbed wire. Barbed wire had good impacts like letting travelers know who’s property is who’s and keeping the cattle together so they don’t roam free or get attacked by predators. It also had bad impacts like making it harder for travelers to travel because the once open space is now closed off.
  • Statue of Liberty

    Statue of Liberty
    Lady liberty was designed by Frederic Bartholdi. It was designed as a gift to America as a sign of friendship, peace, and it was 100 years since the war. It was built in France and then was taken apart and shipped to America and then put back together again. It now stands in Liberty island in NY.
  • The “Compromise” of 1877

    The “Compromise” of 1877
    With the word of congress, republicans got the Hayes presidency and Democrats got reconstruction, or so they thought. When Hayes became president because of the House vote he ended reconstruction and let the south gain the freedom to vote again.
  • Jim Crow Laws

    Jim Crow Laws
    Most U.S states enforced segregation through “Jim Crow” laws. Certain laws like no interracial mingling when it comes to love, African Americans and White people had different facilities when it came to school, jobs, public areas and restaurants.
  • Brooklyn Bridge

    Brooklyn Bridge
    Brooklyn bridge was designed by John Rhoebling, and was the longest suspension bridge in the world. Rhoeblings son was chief engineer but got sick so his wife stepped in and helped carry out the completion and she was the first person to walk across it when it was completed.
  • Ida B. Wells

    Ida B. Wells
    Wells was born a slave in Mississippi and she had parents active in the Republican Party during reconstruction. The set moment for her was when she bought a first class ticket but was told she had to sit in the “colored” car but she refused and was removed by force. During that she bit one of the crew members and sued the railroad winning a $500 settlement. She was an advocate of anti-lynching and she owned 2 newspaper offices. One was destroyed while she was gone which might’ve saved her life.
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    Plessy v. Ferguson
    Homer Plessy was arrested for sitting in a “whites only” section on the train and refused to get up and move. Because of that he sued and it was taken all the way to the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court ruled that segregation was legal as long as the situations were “separate but equal” but they never were. It wasn’t overturned until Brown v. Board of education in 1954
  • Remember the Maine!

    Remember the Maine!
    One of the things that caused the Spanish-American war was the sinking of the USS Maine. It was at the Havana harbor to protect American citizens property, but on February 15, 1898 the Maine exploded and sank. Americans thought it was an attack, but in 1976 they found out that the Spanish did not do it.
  • Spanish-American War

    Spanish-American War
    On April 25th, 1898 congress declared war on Spain. There was already tension between the 2 countries, and the Yellow Journalism had exaggerated everything between the 2 countries and that really made the Americans want war, and then the tip of the iceberg was the sinking of the Maine. This war gave America more power and more territories and Cuba independence.
  • War in the Philippines

    War in the Philippines
    Filipinos were angry with the U.S for not giving them their independence. Emilio Aguinaldo, who originally fought with the U.S, was now fighting against the U.S with his troops. But it ended in 1901 when Aguinaldo was captured. Many American soldiers died but many more Filipino soldier died. But the Philippines were finally given their independence in 1946