American History 2

  • Period: to

    1945-1950

  • Census shows 7.3% increase within 10 years

    Census shows 7.3% increase within 10 years
    The 1940 census indicates a United States population of 132,164,569.
  • US Government Approves War Materials to GB

    US Government Approves War Materials to GB
    The United States government approves a sale of surplus war material to Great Britain
  • Big Day in World History

    Big Day in World History
    On the same day Paris fell to the German army and Auschwitz received its first Polish prisoners, the Naval Expansion Act is signed into law by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, increasing the capacity of the U.S. Navy by 11%.
  • US occupies Iceland

    US occupies Iceland
    The United States occupies Iceland, taking over its defense from Great Britain and attempting to thwart a potential invasion by Nazi Germany.
  • Executive Order 9066

    Executive Order 9066
    Executive order 9066 is signed into law by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, confining 110,000 Japanese Americans, including 75,000 citizens, on the West Coast into relocation camps during World War II.
  • Iwo Jima

    Iwo Jima
    30,000 United States Marines land on Iwo Jima.
  • Hiroshima

    Hiroshima
    President Harry S. Truman gives the go-ahead for the use of the atomic bomb with the bombing of Hiroshima.
  • Independence in Phillippines

    Independence in Phillippines
    The island nation of the Philippines is given their independence by the United States.
  • Blockade in Berlin

    Blockade in Berlin
    The Soviet Union begins its land blockade of the Allied sectors of Berlin, Germany. A counter blockade by the west was put into effect, as well as a British and U.S. airlift of supplies and food, until both blockades were lifted on September 30, 1949.
  • Withdrawing from Korea

    Withdrawing from Korea
    United States withdraws its troops from Korea.
  • Period: to

    1950-1965

  • Rosenberg Espionage-Found Guilty

    Rosenberg Espionage-Found Guilty
    Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were found guilty of conspiracy of wartime espionage and sentenced to death. They were executed June 19, 1953.
  • End of Fighting in Korea

    End of Fighting in Korea
    Fighting ceases in the Korean War. North Korea, South Korea, the United States, and the Republic of China sign an armistice agreement.
  • First Colored TV goes on sale

    First Colored TV goes on sale
  • Polio Vaccine in Pittsburgh

    Polio Vaccine in Pittsburgh
    The first large scale vaccination of children against polio begins in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Segregation in Schools Unconstitutional

    Segregation in Schools Unconstitutional
    Racial segregation in public schools is declared unconstitutional by the United States Supreme Court in Brown vs. the Board of Education.
  • Rosa Parks Refuses to Give up Seat

    Rosa Parks Refuses to Give up Seat
    Rosa Parks, an African American seamstress, refuses to give up her seat on the bus to a white man, prompting a boycott that would lead to the declaration that bus segregation laws were unconstitutional by a federal court
  • First Transatlantic telephone Cable

    First Transatlantic telephone Cable
  • President Dwight D. Eisenhower Second Term

    President Dwight D. Eisenhower Second Term
  • Congress approves Civil Rights Bill

    Congress approves Civil Rights Bill
    U.S. Congress approves the first civil rights bill since the reconstruction with additional protection of voting rights
  • Alaska Becomes 49th State

    Alaska Becomes 49th State
    Followed on August 21 by Hawaii
  • Period: to

    1960-1970

  • U-2 Shot Down

    U-2 Shot Down
  • JFK becomes President

    JFK becomes President
  • US Figure Skating Team Killed in Plane Crash

    US Figure Skating Team Killed in Plane Crash
    The entire United States figure skating team is killed in a plane crash near Brussels, Belgium on their journey to the World Championships. Seventy-three people are killed.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis Begins

    Cuban Missile Crisis Begins
  • Last Prisoners of Alcatraz Removed

    Last Prisoners of Alcatraz Removed
    The last 27 prisoners of Alcatraz are ordered removed and the federal penitentiary is closed.
  • Bible's and Prayer Unconstitutional

    Bible's and Prayer Unconstitutional
    The Supreme Court of the United States ruled laws requiring the recitation of the Lord's Prayer or Bible verses in public schools is unconstitutional. The vote was 8 to 1
  • Civil Rights March on Washington, D.C.

    Civil Rights March on Washington, D.C.
    Including King's "I Have a Dream" speech.
  • Medicare begins

    Medicare begins
  • Black Riots Begin all over US

    Newark, New Jersey: 26 deaths, 1500 injured, 1000 arrested (July 12 to 17.)
    Detroit: 40 deaths, 2000 injured, 5000 homeless (July 23 to 30)
  • Landing on the Moon

    Landing on the Moon
    Neil Armstrong becomes the first man to set foot on the moon four days after launch from Cape Canaveral.
  • Period: to

    1970-1975

  • First Earth Day Celebration

    First Earth Day Celebration
  • Protests Against Cambodia

    Protests Against Cambodia
    4 students from Kent State University in Ohio were killed and 9 wounded by National Guardsmen during a protest against the Vietnam War spread into Cambodia.
  • Voting Age is Lowered

    Voting Age is Lowered
    The Senate approves a Constitutional Amendment, the 26th, that would lower the voting age from 21 to 18.
  • SALT 1 is Signed

    SALT 1 is Signed
  • 1972 Election

    1972 Election
    In one of the most lopsided races in American Presidential election history, incumbent President Richard M. Nixon beat his Democratic challenger George S. McGovern, winning 520 Electoral College votes to McGovern's 17, and taking over 60% of the popular vote.
  • Roe v. Wade Ruling

    Roe v. Wade Ruling
    The United States Supreme Court rules in Roe vs. Wade that a woman can not be prevented by a state in having an abortion during the first six months of pregnancy
  • Nixon and the Watergate Affair Hearings

    Nixon and the Watergate Affair Hearings
    Impeachment hearings are begun by the House Judiciary Committee against President Richard M. Nixon in the Watergate affair. On July 24, the United States Supreme Court rules that President Nixon must turn over the sixty-four tapes of White House conversations concerning the Watergate break-in
  • Nixon Resigns

    Nixon Resigns
    Nixon resigns the office of the presidency, avoiding the impeachment process and admitting his role in the Watergate affair
  • The television show Wheel of Fortune premieres

    The television show Wheel of Fortune premieres
  • Bill Gates founds Microsoft

    Bill Gates founds Microsoft
  • Period: to

    1975-1980

  • Viking Space 1 Lands on Mars

    Viking Space 1 Lands on Mars
  • American Legion Convention Deaths

    American Legion Convention Deaths
    29 people attending an American Legion convention in Philadelphia are killed by a mysterious ailment, one year later discovered as a bacterium
  • Jimmy Carter Becomes President

    Jimmy Carter Becomes President
    Jimmy Carter defeats President Ford
  • War Draft Evaders are Pardoned

    War Draft Evaders are Pardoned
    The majority of Vietnam War draft evaders, 10,000, are pardoned by Carter.
  • Star Wars Opens and Becomes Highest Grossing Film

    Star Wars Opens and Becomes Highest Grossing Film
  • NYC Blackout

    NYC Blackout
    The New York City blackout results in massive looting and disorderly conduct during its twenty-five hour duration.
  • Elvis Dies

    Elvis Dies
    The king of rock and roll dies in his home in Graceland at age 42
  • 3 Mile Island Accident

    3 Mile Island Accident
    America's most serious nuclear power plant accident in its history.
  • American Pioneer 11 Passes Saturn

    American Pioneer 11 Passes Saturn
    Becoming the first spacecraft to visit the ringed planet, albeit at a distance of 21,000 kilometers.
  • Period: to

    1980-1990

  • Eruption of Mt. St. Helens

    Eruption of Mt. St. Helens
    Killing 57 people and economic devastation to the area with losses near $3 billion
  • Ronald Reagan Becomes President

    Ronald Reagan Becomes President
  • Sandra Day O'Conner becomes first Female Supreme Court Justice

    Sandra Day O'Conner becomes first Female Supreme Court Justice
    Sandra Day O'Connor is approved 99-0 by the United States Senate to become the first female Supreme Court associate justice in history
  • 10.4% Unemployment Rate; highest since 1940

    10.4% Unemployment Rate; highest since 1940
    By the end of November, over eleven million people would be unemployed.
  • Astronaut Sally Ride becomes the first American woman to travel into space.

    Astronaut Sally Ride becomes the first American woman to travel into space.
  • Reagan Wins Reelection Over Mondale

    Reagan Wins Reelection Over Mondale
  • The first version of the Windows operating system for computers is released

    The first version of the Windows operating system for computers is released
  • Martin Luther King Day is officially observed for the first time as a federal holiday in the US

    Martin Luther King Day is officially observed for the first time as a federal holiday in the US
  • US House of Reps. rejects funding of Nicaraguan Contras

    US House of Reps. rejects funding of Nicaraguan Contras
  • Collin Powell becomes Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff

    Collin Powell becomes Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
    The first African American to be nominated to that post.