Post WWII Events by Regina Pena

  • Rosa Parks

    Rosa Parks
    Born on February 4, 1914, Rosa Parks became a Civil Rights Activist by refusing to give up her seat to a white man on a Montgomery, Alabama, in 1955, black seamstress Rosa Parks helped initiate the civil rights movement in the United States. Jo Ann Robinson heard of the arrest and made 35k flyers telling others to boycott the bus system in Montgomery, its success convinced them to continue until something occur. Congress later gave her the name of "the first lady of Civil rights Movement".
  • Panama Canal

    Panama Canal
    U.S. still controlled Panama Canal, biggest ships subs couldn't fit canal carter signed treaty to give canal to panama. The United States acquired the rights to build and operate the Panama Canal during the first years of the 20th century. One of President Jimmy Carter's greatest accomplishments was negotiating the Torrijos- Carter Treaties, which were ratified by the U.S. Senate in 1978. These treaties gave the nation of Panama eventual control of Panama Canal.
  • Dr. Jonas Stalk

    Dr. Jonas Stalk
    Jonas became one of the greatest scientist due to his discovery of the polio vaccine. In 1942 at the University of Michigan School of Public Health he became part of a group that was working to develop a vaccine against the flu. At Pittsburgh he began research on polio. On April 12, 1955, the vaccine was released for use in the United States. He established the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in 1963. Jonas Salk became a hero but unfortunately died on June 23, 1914.
  • Malcolm X

    Malcolm X
    Converts to Islam after spending 6 years in prison Joins Nation of Islam, Malcolm thought Islam was a religion for black people.
    Changed his name from Malcolm Little to Malcolm X ,Signifies lost names of his African ancestors Natural orator, Wanted black militancy mainstream for self-defense first heard by Northern blacks
    different goals from Southern blacks, Disagreed with non-violent strategy of MLK, Malcolm didn’t let whites help in his struggle for Civil Rights.
  • Dolores Huerta

    Dolores Huerta
    Born on April 10, 1930, Dolores Huerta is an Americans labor leader and civil rights activist. She is mainly know for being an activist for improving Latino Community. Dolores always helped and fought aside to Cesar Chavez. Known as the Co-Founder of the UFW. She also held strikes and non-violent resistance campaigns. while working with Cesar Chavez they both established a saying "Si Se Puede" meaning "Yes, We Can". She received the award on May 29, 2012, from President Barack Obama.
  • Ike Turner

    Ike Turner
    Ike Turner (black musician) made the first Rock & Roll song called "Rocket 88". Ike Turner was born on November 5, 1931, in Clarksdale, Mississippi, and grew up playing the blues. In 1956, he met a teenager and singer named Anna Mae Bullock. He married her and helped create her stage persona, Tina Turner. Their last hit together was "Nutbush City Limits," written by Tina and released in 1973. Turner died of a cocaine overdose on December 12, 2007, in San Marcos, California
  • Elvis Presley

    Elvis Presley
    Born on January 8, 1935, in Tupelo, Mississippi, Elvis Presley came from very humble beginnings and grew up to become one of the biggest names in rock 'n' roll. By the mid-1950s, he appeared on the radio, television and the silver screen. Many parents of teenagers were against him due to the way he danced. On August 16, 1977, at age 42, he died of heart failure, which was related to his drug addiction. Since his death, Presley has remained one of the world's most popular music icons.
  • G.I. Bill

    G.I. Bill
    The Post-9/11 GI Bill provides education benefits for service members who have served on active duty for 90 or more days since Sept. 10, 2001. The Post-9/11 GI Bill can pay your full tuition & fees at school, provide you with a monthly housing allowance while you are going to school, and give you up to $1,000 a year to use for books and supplies.
  • Fat Man

    Fat Man
    Fat Man was the second plutonium, implosion-type bomb. The first was the "Gadget" detonated at the Trinity site on July 16, 1945. In the implosion-type device, a core of sub-critical plutonium is surrounded by several thousand pounds of high-explosive designed in such a way that the explosive force of the HE is directed inwards thereby crushing the plutonium core into a super-critical state. Dropped on the Japanese city of Nagasaki on August 9,1945 it was the second nuclear weapon used in a war.
  • Iron Curtain

    Iron Curtain
    Winston Churchill speaks at Westminster College in Missouri. Describes closure to western ideas by erecting a physical barrier across Eastern Europe. Soviet Union erects barricades of concrete & barbed wire to seals off East from the West. Winston Church reviewed the international response to Russian aggression and declared an "iron curtain".
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    Cold War

    all the events
  • George W. Bush

    George W. Bush
    George W. Bush was born on July 6,1946. George Walker Bush is an American politician who served as the 43rd president of the United States From 2001 to 2009. He also was the 46th Governor of Texas. One of his famous quotes is "Our enemies are innovative and resourceful, and so are we. They never stop thinking about new ways to harm our country and our people, and neither do we." This is followed by the terrorist attacks that hit the World Trade Center and the unforgettable 9/11.
  • Bill Clinton

    Bill Clinton
    Bill Clinton was born on August 19,1946, and attended Yale law School from 1970 to 1973. Clinton was elected Arkansas Attorney General in 1976, and won the governorship in 1978. Bill Clinton is the first baby-boomer generation that became President. He was an American politician from Arkansas who served as the 42th President of the United States. He was the first Democratic President ever since Franklin D. Roosevelt to win a second term. He proposed the first balanced budget in decades.
  • Berlin Airlift

    Berlin Airlift
    Russia's desire to gain Berlin led to the closing of all highways, railroads and canals from western occupied Germany into western occupied Berlin.They believed that this would generate Britain, France and the U.S. out of the city for good. Although the U.S. and its allies decided to supply their sectors of the city from the air. This effort, known as the “Berlin Airlift,” lasted for more than a year and carried more than 2.3 million tons of cargo into West Berlin.
  • Fair Deal

    Fair Deal
    The Fair Deal was establish by president Harry S. Truman. The Fair deal argued that all Americans have health insurance that the minimum wage be increased, and that, by law, all Americans be guaranteed equal rights. Truman also established the Fair Employment Practices Act in 1946 and clearly stated the government's responsibility in helping to achieve full employment. The executive orders of Truman also wipes out segregation in armed forces.
  • 2nd Red Scare

    2nd Red Scare
    The Second Red Scare happened between the years of 1947-1957, Perceived losing to communism in nuclear technology. This mostly involved China, North Korea and Rosenberg's. Therefore HUAC was originally created to reign Nazi spies in late 30's, the investigation of Americans increased to due the communist sympathies. Also Hollywood actors and directors wee investigated. Julius and Ethel Rosenburg was an American couple tried to give Atomic Bomb secrets to the Soviets.
  • News in the 1950's

    News in the 1950's
    The launch of Sputnik 1, the very first artificial satellite. The "Baby Boom" peaks during this year. Nine African-American students enroll at Little Rock Central High School in Arkansas and are met with resistance by protesters and the state's governor. Federal troops end up escorting the students into the school at the command of President Eisenhower.The European Economic Community is created when West Germany, Italy, Belgium, France, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg sign the Treaty of Rome.
  • Television in the 1950's

    Television in the 1950's
    The television in the 1950's was just a round simple box tv it required not much power to use the TV and it was black and white if we had the same TV today we would have some big problems. One of the most popular products in the 1950's was the TV. At the start of the decade, there were about 3 million TV owners; by the end of it, there were 55 million, watching shows from 530 stations. The average price of TV sets dropped from about $500 in 1949 to $200 in 1953.
  • McCarthyism

    Joseph McCarthy waved a piece of paper around at a Republican Club. This was a period of time where there was an inflation in series of investigations and hearings during the 1950's in an effort to expose supposed communist in various of areas of the U.S Government. Claimed he had 205 known communist on it, but no names were on the paper. He attacked democrats, celebrities, and government officials. McCarthy goes to far and intimidated witness, ignored facts and made up unreal charges.
  • Rock 'n' Roll

    Rock 'n' Roll
    The increase of music onto the scene, and the exciting growing of teenage audience while startling many others who preferred the music of, the term “rock and roll” came to be used to describe a new form of music, steeped in the blues, rhythm and blues, country, and gospel. Teenagers fell in love with this new sound, listening to it on transistor radios and buying it in record stores. Many parents believed that this music was simply noise that had a negative influence on impressionable teens.
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  • Duck and Cover

    Duck and Cover
    President Truman established the Federal Civil Defense Administration after the outbreak of the Korean War. As part of the Alert America campaign, the FCDA flooded the public with some 400 million pieces of survival literature that attempted to educate and reassure people that simple civil defense procedures would protect them from a nuclear attack. Videos were produced during this time to make sure people were aware of what to do if they saw an atomic bomb, always "Duck and Cover".
  • Polio Vaccine

    Polio Vaccine
    Polio, a disease that has affected humanity throughout recorded history, attacks the nervous system and can cause varying degrees of paralysis. Since the virus is easily transmitted, epidemics were commonplace in the first decades of the 20th century. American medical researcher Dr. Jonas Salk announces on a national radio show that he has successfully tested a vaccine against poliomyelitis, the virus that causes the crippling disease of polio. FDR was one of the people that got polio.
  • Oprah Winfrey

    Oprah Winfrey
    Oprah was 17, she won the Miss Fire Prevention Contest in Nashville, Tennessee. Until that year every winner had had a mane of red hair, but Oprah would prove to be a game changer. Born on January 29, 1954, Oprah Winfrey is an American media, proprietor, talk show host, actress, producer and philanthropist. She is best know has the host of the famous show "The Oprah Winfrey". She is one of the richest woman in the world, and supported Obama in 2008.
  • Brown v. Board of Education

    Brown v. Board of Education
    7 year old Linda Brown's parents wanted her to go to a closer school. Topeka board of education denied Linda Brown admittance to an all white school close to her house. Marshall argued that a separate but equal violated equal protection clause of the 14th amendment. Warren decided separate educational facilities were inherently unequal. The main issue in each was the constitutionality of state-sponsored segregation in public schools. Unfortunately integration cases are still in the courtroom.
  • Sonia Sontomayor

    Sonia Sontomayor
    Sonia Sontomayor was born on June 25, 1954, in New York City, she attended Yale Law School in 1979, and Princeton University in 1976. Sonia Maria Sotomayor is an Associate Justice of Supreme Court of the United States serving since August 2009. Obama nominates Sonia Sotomayor (first Hispanic Justice) Also nominates Elena Kagan & Merrick Garland but they failed due to Republican refusal on hearings. One of her famous quotes is "Until we get equality in education, we won't have an equal society."
  • Emmett Till Tragedy

    Emmett Till Tragedy
    14-year-old Emmett Till, an African American from Chicago, is brutally murdered for flirting with a white woman four days earlier. His assailants the white woman’s husband and her brother made Emmett carry a 75-pound cotton-gin fan to the bank of the Tallahatchie River and ordered him to take off his clothes. The two men then beat him nearly to death, gouged out his eye, shot him in the head, and then threw his body, tied to the cotton-gin fan with barbed wire, into the river.
  • Little Rock Nine

    Little Rock Nine
    In a key event of the American Civil Rights Movement, nine black students enrolled at formerly all-white Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas, in September 1957, testing a landmark 1954 U.S. Supreme Court ruling that declared segregation in public schools unconstitutional. The court had mandated that all public schools in the country be integrated “with all deliberate speed” in its decision related to the groundbreaking case Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka.
  • Civil Rights of 1957

    Civil Rights of 1957
    On September 9, 1957, President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed into law the Civil Rights Act of 1957. Originally proposed by Attorney General Herbert Brownell, the Act marked the first occasion since Reconstruction that the federal government undertook significant legislative action to protect civil rights. Although influential southern congressman whittled down the bill's initial scope, it still included a number of important provisions for the protection of voting rights.
  • Space Race

    Space Race
    Soon after World War II, the United States and the Soviet Union became locked in a global conflict pitting democracy against communism. Space became a critical theater in this Cold War, as each side competed to best the other's achievements in what became known as the Space Race. NASA wanted to create a new generation of American scientist and Astronauts, and quickly scrambled to developed satellite technology which started the space race between The United States and the USSR.
  • Beat Generation

    Beat Generation
    A group of American writers who came to prominence in the 1950's, as well as the cultural phenomena that they wrote about. Central elements of "Beat" culture include a rejection of mainstream American values, experimentation with drugs and alternate forms of sexuality, and an interest in Eastern spirituality. Beat Generation wasn't considered a big movement but its influence and cultural status were more notices within the time. Beat Generation often questioned America like Counterculture.
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    Civil Rights

  • Counterculture

    Counterculture secede the Beat Generation. The people that were more involve in the Counter culture are called Hippies. Hippies rejected middle class values, and to start there riots they used drugs such as LSD and Heroin. Most of the Hippies live in separate communities and rejected cars, suburban homes and average jobs their parents had. Music such as Bob Dylan, The Beatles, and others transformed their music to match counterculture ideals. Woodstock highlighted was an big event.
  • Peace Corps

    Peace Corps
    A federal agency created by President Kennedy in 1961 to promote voluntary service by Americans in foreign countries, it provides labor power to help developing countries improve their infrastructure, health care, educational systems, and other aspects of their societies. His agenda was largely unaccomplished less than 3 years in office. Conservatives didn't like his liberal agenda, and didn't like giving equal money to minority schools.
  • Freedom Rides

    Freedom Rides
    Freedom Rides is the ultimately inspirational story that changed America. More than 400 black and white Americans risked their lives and many endured savage beatings and imprisonment for simply traveling together on buses and trains as they journeyed through the Deep South. Deliberately violating Jim Crow laws in order to test and challenge a segregated interstate travel system, the Freedom Riders met with bitter racism and mob violence along the way, testing their belief in nonviolent activism.
  • Apollo 11

    Apollo 11
    National goal set by President John F. Kennedy on May 25, 1961, perform a crewed lunar landing and return to Earth. The Apollo 11 mission was the eleventh in a series of flights using Apollo flight hardware and was the first lunar landing of the Apollo Program. It was also the fifth manned flight of the command and service modules and the third flight of the lunar module. The purpose of the mission was to perform a manned lunar landing and return safely to Earth.
  • Barack Obama

    Barack Obama
    44th president named Barack Hussein Obama is an American politician who served as the president from 2009 to 2017. He was born on August 4, 1961, in Honolulu Hawaii. He attended Harvard Law School from (1988- 1991). One of his famous quotes is "Change will not come if we wait for some other person or some other time. We are the ones we've been waiting for. We are the change that we seek." Obama was the first African- American President in U.S. History.
  • Feminism

    The world of American women was limited in almost every aspect. Women during the Civil rights were tired of being used, so many white women split Civil Rights to an look over Feminism. Important Women such as Helen Gurley created " Sex and the Single Girl". This raise power through sexuality. It encouraged women to explore their sexuality and wait to get married when looks started going away. Betty Friedman wrote "The Feminine Mystique" and made believe woman can do everything men could.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Cuban Missile Crisis
    Cuban Missile Crisis happened during the Cold War, which involved he United States and the Soviet Union. Kennedy ordered naval quarantine of Cuba to prevent Soviets ships from delivering and arming the ICBM's. People were terrified at this moment because it felt like World War III was approaching. Khrushchev calls ships back to the USSR in response of the Americans naval blockade. U.S will inspect all Soviet ships and make sure they left Cuba. U.S promises to not invade or plot against Cuba.
  • Birmingham Bombing

    Birmingham Bombing
    A bomb hurled inside the 16th street Baptist Church in Birmingham 2 weeks after MLK March. The bombing was an act of white supremacist terrorism which occurred in Birmingham, Alabama on Sunday, September 15, 1963, when four members of the Ku Klux Klan planted at least 15 sticks of dynamite attached to a timing device beneath the front steps of the church. The men responsible were never put on trial for the actual bombing until A.D. 2000. And some are still in jail today and others died in jail.
  • Lee Harvey Oswald

    Lee Harvey Oswald
    was an American former U.S. Marine who assassinated United States President John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963. According to four federal government investigations and one municipal investigation. Oswald was honorably discharged from the Marine Corps and defected to the Soviet Union in October 1959. He lived in the Belarusian city of Minsk until June 1962, at which time he returned to the United States with Marina, his Russian-born wife, eventually settling in Dallas.
  • Ascendancy of Lyndon B. Johnson

    Ascendancy of Lyndon B. Johnson
    The assassination of J.F.K thrust Lyndon Johnson into the presidency. A man widely considered to be one of the most expert and brilliant politicians of his time, Johnson would leave office a little more than five years later as one of the least popular Presidents in American history. The man who had risen from the poor Hill Country of Texas to become the acknowledged leader of the United States Senate and occupant of the Oval Office would return to Texas demoralized and discredited.
  • Assassination of J.F.K.

    Assassination of J.F.K.
    Kennedy's Assassination occurred during the election of 1964. Kennedy campaigning for re-election bid, in Texas for fundraisers in Houston, San Antonio, Austin and Dallas. November 22, 1963 Kennedy flew to Love airfield in Dallas, and planned on traveling through Dallas. Drive in an open air motorcade. Oswald was waiting and five shots will be made. Two will strike the president neck and head, and the other ones flew and shot Texas Governor Conley. Kennedy died instantly fatal shot on the head.
  • Great Society

    Great Society
    Lyndon Johnson plan to bring America back. The first piece of Great Society legislation, tried to give people tools to get out of poverty. The bill created a Job Corps similar to the New Deal Civilian Conservation Corps; a domestic peace corps; a system for vocational training; and Head Start, a pre-school program designed to prepare children for success in public school. The bill also funded community action programs and extended loans to small businessmen and farmers.
  • Selma March

    Selma March
    Selma, Alabama was the focus of its efforts to register black voters in the South. That March, protesters attempting to march from Selma to the state capital of Montgomery were met with violent resistance by state and local authorities. As the world watched, the protesters finally achieved their goal, walking around the clock for three days to reach Montgomery. The historic march, and King’s participation in it, greatly helped raise awareness of the difficulty faced by black voters in the South.
  • LSD

    LSD is one of the most potent, mood-changing chemicals. It is manufactured from lysergic acid. It is odorless, colorless, and has a slightly bitter taste. Known as “acid” and by many other names, LSD is sold on the street in small tablets (“microdots”), capsules or gelatin squares (“window panes”). Occasionally it is sold in liquid form. But no matter what form it comes in, LSD leads the user to the same place a serious disconnection from reality.
  • Hippies

    The 1960’s gave Hippies the opportunity to express their thoughts and opinions in a number of different ways, including; how they dressed, what music they listened to and how they danced. Due to the baby boom in the post WWII period, 1945 and 1955, more than half of the population was less than 30 years of age in the 1960’s. These people began to revolt against society, reacting to the Vietnam war, feminism and the fear of the unknown and outer space. Hippies were about peace and love.
  • Earl Warren Supreme Court

    Earl Warren Supreme Court
    Controversial Chief Justice of the Supreme Court (1953-1969); he led the Court in far-reaching racial, social, and political rulings, including school desegregation and protecting rights of persons accused of crimes; presided over the Brown v. the Board of Education case.The Warren Court also sought electoral reforms, equality in criminal justice and the defense of human rights before its chief justice retired in 1969.
  • Nixon's Presidency

    Nixon's Presidency
    Nixon;s Presidency consist of a Domestic Policy and Foreign Policy. Silent Majority, Nixon courts angry voters over liberal policies of 1960's. Nixon outs budget for Great Society programs. Supreme Court is where Nixon appoints Warren burger as Chief Justice of SCOUTS, Nixon wants Burger to Scale back desegregation, so Burger moves forward with integration. Whites accelerate suburbanization. Salt 1 Treaty limits the nuclear weapons USSR and US can have, neither side lives up to the deal.
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  • Chicano Mural Movement

    Chicano Mural Movement
    The Chicano Mural Movement main purpose was to give white Americans aware of Mexican culture. Artists began using the walls of city buildings, housing projects, schools, and churches to depict Mexican-American culture. Many of the images and symbols embodied in these classic Mexican murals were later adopted by Chicano Movement to reaffirm and unify their collective under a specific light of activism. This helped also with the education of the Latin Americans.
  • Equal Rights Amendment

    Equal Rights Amendment
    Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) was passed by Congress in 1972, where it wen to states for ratification and it fails by 3 states in 1979. Phyllis Schlafly is instrumental in defeating the amendment, and it organizes movement of conservative women. Conservative Illinois lawyer who received support from conservatives across the country. This Feared it would affect the rights of wives and harm family life. referring to unisex restrooms and women would have to serve in combat.
  • Stagflation

    Stagflation is the high unemployment and rising of prices. Solving unemployment made inflation worse and deficits rise while taxes decreases. During the 1970's when the oil prices rose dramatically, increasing the cost of goods and contributing to a increase in unemployment. Another reason for stagflation is because of the results of poorly made economic policy. Stagflation can prove to be a tough problem for government to deal with due to facts that most polices to lower inflation.
  • Watergate Hotel

    Watergate Hotel
    The Watergate hotel was were Nixon's scandal happened. Headquarters of Democratic Party 5 of Nixon's "plumbers" stole campaign information and fixed a broken wire tap. Caught by a security guard and was arrested. Nixon maintains himself away from Watergate. Nixon used taping systems to record his conversations and wanted tapes fro future presidential book. Nixon therefore gets investigated although he refuses, Nixon gives edited version of tapes over to Senate infestations committee.
  • OPEC

    OPEC( Organization of Petroleum Exporting Companies)- controls much of the world's oil, places an oil embargo on U.S. for supporting Israel. Nixon convinces Israelis to give up some territory and the embargo ends. OPEC's purpose is to co-ordinate and unify petroleum polices among Member countries. OPEC rose to international prominence during the decade of 1970's. Member Countries embarked on ambitious economic development schemes Membership grew to 13 by 1975.
  • War Powers Resolution Act

    War Powers Resolution Act
    Beginning in 1812 and for the next hundred years, U.S. presidents asked for and received congressional declarations of war against England, Mexico, Spain, Japan, and European powers. During the Cold War, President Harry Truman sent troops to Korea as part of a UN force without a congressional declaration of war. In reaction to U.S. involvement in Vietnam, Congress passed the War Powers Act which limited the president’s authority to commit American troops abroad without Congress’s approval.
  • Nixon's Resignation

    Nixon's Resignation
    July, 1974, House Judiciary Committee issues articles of impeachment against Nixon, SCOTUS rules Nixon couldn't withhold information in his own wrongdoing. Nixon gives up and releases the unedited version of the tapes and this shows hoe Nixon's guilt was in the cover- up. August 8, 1974, Nixon becomes the first president ever to resign from office. Therefore General Ford (Vice President) become the president. And Many people believed presidency was becoming imperial and they deeply distrust.
  • Beginnings of the Personal Computer

    Beginnings of the Personal Computer
    1970s, technology had evolved to the point that individuals–mostly hobbyists and electronics buffs could purchase PCs or“microcomputers” and program them for fun, but these early PCs could not perform many of the useful tasks that today’s computers can. U.S. shifts to technology. Computers & other electronics revolutionize industry. Steve Jobs & Steve Wozniak change America forever with the Apple 1 Computer in 1976 Bill Gates introduces a new operating system in 1980 to IBM for home computers.
  • Moral Majority

    Moral Majority
    Moral Majority was founded by Jerry Falwell which was an evangelical preacher. Believed in pro-life, pro- family, pro-American and pro-morality. Falwell and other evangelicals preach this new movement. It was characterized as a negative cultural trends, especially legalized abortion, the women's movement, and the gay rights movement. Heritage Foundation Promoted conservative policies, free enterprise, limited government, individual freedom, values, strong national defense .
  • Iran Hostage Crisis

    Iran Hostage Crisis
    U.S. supported Shah of Iran major oil supplier, and brutal dictator and anti-communist Ayatollah Khomeini leads Islamic revolution which mistrusted the U.S.and U.S. gave amnesty to the Shah. 52 Americans taken hostage from American embassy in Tehran.A special forces team was sent to rescue hostages. (Helicopters crashed in Iranian desert). Iranian students seized the embassy and detained more than 50 Americans, ranging from the Chargé d’Affaires to the most junior members of the staff.
  • Entertainment in the 1980's

    Entertainment in the 1980's
    During the 80's entertainment was a success. Cable provided a new way of seeing TV and many channels were created because of cable such as CNN, ESPN, MTV. Robert Johnson became popular because he became the 1st black billionaire to due created BET which sands for Black Entertainment TV. Rap music became popular and also video games and video arcades. In the 1982, Cd's were introduced, music fans could now listen to their favorite music without hearing the scratches of vinyl LP.
  • Rap Music

    Rap Music
    The 80's was hip-hop's first real decade, where everything started to boomed. Hip- Hop was about poor kids taking broke pieces of the entire world and combining them together. From Slick Rick to the Fresh Prince, the 80's hip- hop/ rap has has created a new language that increased from the streets as for parties and good times to a big thing in the present. Rap was also beginning to splinter off into various sub genres. Billboard introduced the chart in 1989 issue under the name Hot Rap Singles.
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  • Election of 1980

    Election of 1980
    The Election of 1980 consisted of Ronald Reagan Vs. Jimmy Carter. Ronald Reagan (Republican) Former governor of California, Former actor in 40's and 50's,testified before HUAC about communism, and Unites Conservative Coalition behind him. Jimmy Carter (Democrat), Incumbent , Haunted by a bad economy, Hostage crisis in Iran, brought down his popularity down, Special forces mishap in the desert seals his defeat. Reagan defeats Carter on November 1980.
  • Reaganomics

    Reaganomics is cut income and corporate taxes to spur economy better jobs. Reduction in welfare spending, massively increased defensive spending ,supposedly offset by new taxes from a booming economy. Democrats critical of his ideas and trickle-down economics. Reagan proposed a phased 30% tax cut for the first three years of his Presidency. The economic theory behind the wisdom of such a plan was called supply-side or trickle-down economics.
  • AIDS Crisis

    AIDS Crisis
    Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome is the start of thousands affected of homosexuals. It spreads to heterosexual community through blood transfusions. in five young, previously healthy, gay men in Los Angeles. All the men have other unusual infections as well, indicating that their immune systems are not working; two have already died by the time the report is published. This edition of the MMWR marks the first official reporting of what will become known as the AIDS epidemic.
  • Space Shuttle Program

    Space Shuttle Program
    1st space shuttle (Columbia launched in April 1981). Sally Ride became the first American Women in space. In 1986 the Challenger explosion occur and over the years 14 shuttle astronauts lost their lives . NASA space shuttle was not like others spacecraft built during the 30 years of the program. The Jetliner-size shuttle was designed to streak into space using powerful boosters and return to solid ground. Satellites at that time became important for communication such as TV entertainment.
  • Music Television (MTV)

    Music Television (MTV)
    Music Television (MTV) began on August 1, 1981. MTV originally was the starters of pop culture, change in generations, and the shape of industry. The song ever played in MTV was "Video Killed the Radio Star" by the Buggles. This music video served as the perfect song to bring in this new era of music and to begin the MTV legacy. MTV revolutionize the music industry and became an influential of pop culture and entertainment in the United States and other parts of the world, including Europe.
  • Strategic Defensive Initiative

    Strategic Defensive Initiative
    The Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI), also known as Star Wars, was a program first initiated under President Ronald Reagan. It is nicknamed "Star Wars" may have been attached to the program for some of its ideal ideas, which some included lasers. Missile shield defense against Soviet incoming missiles. satellites with lasers shoot down incoming missiles, and intended to give Soviets the same technology. SDI was a failure for the U.S. This includes space and earth nuclear X-ray lasers.
  • Iran Contra Affair

    Iran Contra Affair
    The Iran Contra affair begun in 1985 when president Ronald Reagan supplied weapons to Iran, which was the enemy.
    This Scandal occurred in Reagan's second term. Sandinista (pro-Communist) overthrown pro- American dictator in Nicaragua in (1979). Reagan secretly arms Contras (against Sandistas). The U.S took million of dollars from the sale of weapons and routed them and guns to the "Contra" guerrillas in Nicaragua. In 1986 is were the word spread and got out about the secret transactions.
  • Challenger Explosion

    Challenger Explosion
    January 28, 1986, and unfortunate disaster occurred killing seven astronauts. The American shuttle orbiter Challenger broke up in 73 seconds after liftoff, ending the spacecrafts 10th mission. The tragedy was caused by two rubber O-rings, which had been designed to separate the sections of the rocket booster, and had failed due to the cold temperatures on the next morning. The tragedy. This explosion has shocked the world and changed NASA.
  • Affordable Cell Phones

    Affordable Cell Phones
    Cell Phones in the 1990's started replacing landlines. Smart phones allowed people late in the 2000's to be on the internet without a computer. The 1990's was important time in the development technology. Portable cell phones was a big thing back int 90's. it wasn't until the 1990s that they became more practical in size, and thus began to gain popularity. This was the beginning of a significant change in consumerism within the telephone industry.
  • Technology in the 1990's

    Technology in the 1990's
    The web was first launched and used in the early 1990's. Tim Berners-Lee (pictured), with help from Robert Cailliau, was able to connect hypertext with the internet and create the foundation for what we know as the web today. Web browsers such as Mosaic and Netscape Navigator helped popularize the web in the 1990's. The 1990's was a true beginning of the electronic age. One of the Great game changing developments was Microsoft Windows 3.0 but Windows mimicked many of apple's features.
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  • Persian Gulf War/ 1st Iraq War

    Persian Gulf War/ 1st Iraq War
    Saddam Hussein invaded and occupied neighboring Kuwait in early August 1990 this alarmed by these actions, fellow Arab powers such as Saudi Arabia and Egypt called on the United States and other Western nations to intervene. Bombing important Iraqi installations and Destroys power grids, communications; Ground Troops Defeat Iraqi forces inside Kuwait in 4 days, U.S. forces will not pursue into Iraq and Saddam has oil fields lit ablaze. The results were Iraq sanctioned for the rest of the 90's.
  • Election of 1992

    Election of 1992
    William “Bill” Jefferson Clinton (Democrat) was the governor of Arkansas also unknown running for President but he was Charismatic and understanding. Clinton went against George H.W. Bush (Republican) which was Incumbent and Large deficits & down turning economy. He was popular for Persian Gulf War. Also Ross Perot (Independent) ran, he was a successful businessman but Clinton wins 43% of the vote. Perot although took votes away from Bush. Struggles during this period was Persian Gulf War.
  • World Trade Center Attack - 1993

    World Trade Center Attack - 1993
    In the 1993 World Trade Center Bombing approximately killed six people and injured more than 1,000 people. There were six suspects that were convicted of directly participating in the bombing, and the seventh suspect, Adul Rahman Yasin, is still at large. The explosion created a hole 200 feet by 100 feet, several stories deep. It caused the PATH station ceiling to collapse. The 1,200-pound bomb was in a Ryder truck parked in a parking garage beneath the World Trade Center. 50,000 evacuated.
  • Don't Ask, Don't Tell Policy

    Don't Ask, Don't Tell Policy
    The Policy named "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" was created by our 42th President, Bill Clinton. Clinton's new policy allows gays in the military and obviously as the policy's name, they didn’t tell anyone about it and the old policy did not allow gays. "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" ban on gay and lesbian service members is officially in the dustbin of history. The law prohibited qualified gay and lesbian Americans from serving in the armed forces and sent a message that discrimination was acceptable.
  • Lewinsky Affair

    Lewinsky Affair
    Clinton has affair with a White House intern, named Monica Lewinsky. Born in July 23,1973, Monica attended in London School of Economics and Political Science. This scandal between Clinton and Monica, was briefly denied by Clinton. Special prosecutor (Kenneth Star) go a hold of the affair from Linda Tripp. As said before, Clinton denies everything and tells Star that he hasn't done nothing wrong. Later on the famous "blue dress" prove him wrong, and House of Representatives impeaches Clinton.
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  • Election of 2000

    Election of 2000
    The Candidates for the Election of 2000 Al Gore (Democrat), Vs. George W. Bush(Republican) Vs. Ralph Nader(Independent/Green Party). Al Gore was Clinton's Vice president, and was an environmentalist and wanted to save the new government surplus for Social Security. George W. Bush was the governor of Texas and wanted ownership Society. judges couldn’t be told how to count votes. Gore takes it to SCOTUS and decides that 5-4 Bush won. Gore wins popular vote by half a million.
  • 9/11

    19 al-Qaeda hijackers boarded 4 planes which had box cutters
    4 planes turn course and 2 ended up hitting the World Trade Center buildings(twin towers) 1 hit the Pentagon because it couldn’t find the White House and the 4th plane passengers learn of the attacks. Planes were controlled by the terrorist; nosedived the plane. About 2,973 death, Afghanistan is bombed (October, 2001). Ground campaign lasted 2 months finally Bin Laden escaped until May 2011

    The United States PATRIOT ACT of 2001, Expands government's law enforcement powers. This United and Strengthened America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism. Security concerns lead to new federal legislation. Law enforcement and intelligence agencies allowed to conduct wide-sweeping searches and surveillance. This detained immigrants, monitored bank accounts, and wiretapped suspected callers without warrant. Opposition it because of executive overreach
  • No Child Left Behind

    No Child Left Behind
    No Child Left Behind was signed on Jan. 8, 2002. There has been report during the 2000's that there was schools declining across America. George W. Bush was in charge of this bill that was sent to Congress. He established stands and linking federal funding to student performance on the Standardized test. The major focus of No Child Left Behind is to close student achievement gaps by providing all children with a fair, equal, and significant opportunity to obtain a high-quality education.
  • The Great Recession

    The Great Recession
    This officially lasted from 12/ 2007 to 6/ 2009. Economy went bust in the middle of the campaign causing the falling home prices, poor lending habits by banks, risky investments lead to massive foreclosures. Government forced to bail out failing banks, brokerage houses & insurance companies.Worst economic collapse since the Great Depression.Bush helps bail out financial institutions with federal money.Loans almost $1 trillion to private banks and wants to get credit rolling again.
  • Election of 2008

    Election of 2008
    On November 4, 2008, after a campaign that lasted nearly two years, Americans elected Illinois senator Barack Obama their 44th president. Obama wins 53% of the vote, and beats McCain by large amounts margins in electoral college.The result was historic, as Obama, a first-term U.S. senator, became, when he was inaugurated on January 20, 2009, the country’s first African American president. He also was the first sitting U.S. senator to win election to the presidency since John F. Kennedy in 1960.
  • Affordable Care Act (ACA) "Obamacare"

    Affordable Care Act (ACA) "Obamacare"
    Obama gets passed reforms for private health insurance and made everyone required to have insurance or pay a fine, Many liberals upset it's not a single-payer system like care reform is at the top of the nation's domestic policy agenda. The soaring costs of health care, along with a faltering economy and lackluster wage growth, are leaving many working families without insurance or with medical expenses that consume a large share of their incomes.116 million didn't have insurance.