1970's group

Holli L.'s 1970-1979 Timeline

By Pika21
  • Aswan High Dam

    Aswan High Dam
    The dam is itself is 5.97 trillion cubic feet. Its purpose is to control floods, and produce hydroelectric power. The hydroelectric power allowed them to have air conditioning, refrigerators, and they didn’t even have ice cubes! It also stored water for agriculture, and increased economic production. It drastically changed the life of farmers, whose soil would be renewed from upstream fertile soil whenever it was flood season.
  • Period: to

    Holli L.'s 1970

  • 18 year olds given the vote

    18 year olds given the vote
    The Twenty-sixth Amendment was proposed by Congress on March 23, 1971, upon passage by the House of Representatives, the Senate having previously passed an identical resolution on March 10, 1971. Ratification was completed on July 1, 1971, when action by the legislature of the 38th State, North Carolina, was concluded, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration officially certified it to have been duly ratified on July 5, 1971. This amendment allowed extended the right to vote.
  • Apollo 13

    Apollo 13
    Apollo 13 was intended to be the third mission to carry humans to the surface of the Moon, but an explosion of one of the oxygen tanks and resulting damage to other systems resulted in the mission being aborted before the planned lunar landing could take place.
  • First Earth Day

    First Earth Day
    Responding to widespread environmental degradation, Gaylord Nelson, a United States Senator from Wisconsin, called for an environmental teach-in, or Earth Day, to be held on April 22, 1970. Over 20 million people participated that year, and Earth Day is now observed on April 22 each year by more than 500 million people and several national governments in 175 countries.
  • World Trade Center is completed

    World Trade Center is completed
    simply known as 1 WTC or 1 World Trade Center (formerly named and still colloquially known as the Freedom Tower)[4], is the lead building of the new World Trade Center complex in Lower Manhattan in New York City, New York. The tower will be located in the northwest corner of the World Trade Center site, and will occupy the location where the original 8-story 6 World Trade Center once stood.
  • US Soldiers found guilty of murder in My Lei Massacre

    US Soldiers found guilty of murder in My Lei Massacre
    During the war, twenty-five US soldiers were charged with war-crimes but William Calley was the only one found guilty Calley received considerable sympathy from the American public when he stated: "When my troops were getting massacred and mauled by an enemy I couldn't see, I couldn't feel, I couldn't touch... nobody in the military system ever described them anything other than Communists."
  • Kent State Shootings

    Kent State Shootings
    The Kent State shootings—also known as the May 4 massacre or Kent State massacre]—occurred at Kent State University in the city of Kent, Ohio, and involved the shooting of unarmed college students by members of the Ohio National Guard on Monday, May 4, 1970. The guardsmen fired 67 rounds over a period of 13 seconds, killing four students and wounding nine others, one of whom suffered permanent paralysis.
  • Microscope is introduced

    Microscope is introduced
    Beginning in the 1970s and continuing to the present day commercial electron microscopes were developed based on Crewe’s innovations. These systems enabled significant advances in the biomedical, pharmaceutical, and semiconductor industries. Hitachi Corporation produced the first successful commercial version of the field emission scanning electron microscope in 1970. Crewe was a consultant to Hitachi in this effort. Since that time Hitachi has produced over 4000 field emission Scanning Electron
  • Palestinian Group Hijacks Five Planes

    Palestinian Group Hijacks Five Planes
    September 6th, 1970, five aircrafts that were heading for New York City were hijacked by Palestinians. They were part of the the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. Over all, one person was injured on the EI AI flight 219, and one hijacked was killed. The members of PFLP accomplished to hijack three out of the four planes, which were forced to fly to the Jordanian desert. There, they blew up the planes and of course without mist if the hostages in them.
  • EPA is created

    EPA is created
    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA or sometimes USEPA) is an agency of the federal government of the United States charged with protecting human health and the environment, by writing and enforcing regulations based on laws passed by Congress. The EPA was proposed by President Richard Nixon and began operation on December 3, 1970, after Nixon submitted a reorganization plan to Congress and it was ratified by committee hearings in the House and Senate.
  • The Beatles Break Up

    The Beatles Break Up
    It was all caused by when first Brian Epstein passed away, who was the English entrepreneur and Beatles manager. To continue on with the success of the group, the group had to find a new manager which was a very difficult decision for the whole group. Paul McCartney said recently after their new hit single, “Let it Be”, he announced, “I have no further plans to record or appear with The Beatles again.”
  • The microprocessor is introduced

    The microprocessor is introduced
    A microprocessor is an integrated circuit which contains the entire central processing unit of a computer on a ship chip. Microprocessors are small and cheap enough that they've found their way into thousands of products, not just personal computers. While 32-bit processors are commonly found in desktop computers, the 4-bit is still the most widely used -- found in washing machines, televisions, microwave ovens, and so on.
  • End of the gold standard for US currency

    End of the gold standard for US currency
    If gold goes up then the value goes up. Fort Knox is where they keep the gold. Richard Nixon took the US out of the gold standard. Fiat Money- has value because the government. The government backs up the value of the money not the gold. This was the only thing Nixon did well as president, and it was good for America.
  • Direct Dial between NY and London

    Direct Dial between NY and London
    Direct Distance Dialing (DDD) or direct dial is a telecommunications term for a network-provided service feature in which a call originator may, without operator assistance, call any other user outside the local calling area. DDD requires more digits in the number dialed than are required for calling within the local area or area code. DDD also extends beyond the boundaries of national public telephone network, in which case it is called International Direct Dialing.
  • Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board Ed

    Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board Ed
    Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, 402 U.S. 1 (1971) was an important United States Supreme Court case dealing with the busing of students to promote integration in public schools. This was done to ensure the schools would be "properly" integrated and that all students would receive equal educational opportunities regardless of their race.
  • VCR’S Introduced

    VCR’S Introduced
    The first VCR was created by Sony in 1971. This was the first ever video cassette recorder and play back machine. The invention of the VCR was a big impact because people could now record shows they wanted to watch and watch them later and not miss anything. They would now never miss the news, TV shows, or movies on TV.
  • Cigarette Ads Banded from TV

    Cigarette Ads Banded from TV
    In 1967, the Fairness Doctrine required that all TV stations broadcast 1 anti-smoking public service announcement (PSA) for every 3 cigarette ads that aired. These PSA's were very effective in the war against smoking. In 1969, Congress proposed a ban on all cigarette advertising on TV and radio. As expected, the tobacco companies were initially against it.
  • The Pentagon Papers Released

    The Pentagon Papers Released
    The Pentagon Papers, officially titled United States–Vietnam Relations, 1945–1967: A Study Prepared by the Department of Defense, is a top-secret United States Department of Defense history of the United States' political-military involvement in Vietnam from 1945 to 1967. The papers were first brought to the attention of the public on the front page of the New York Times in 1971. A 1996 article in the New York Times said that the Pentagon Papers "demonstrated, among other things.
  • South Vietnam and U.S invade Laos

    On April 30 President Richard Nixon announced to a national television audience that US troops were invading Cambodia, the country west of Vietnam through which the North Vietnamese military was supplying their troops in the South. In fact, the US had been conducting bombing raids in Cambodia for over a year. The image of the President's hand resting over an abstract map of Cambodia circulated widely. It appeared not only in the New York Times but on the cover of Time.
  • Amtrak created

    Amtrak created
    The Amtrak was created in May, 1 1971. The Amtrak was created to provide intercity passenger train. The headquarters of the Amtrak is Union Station in Washington, D.C. The Amtrak runs on 21,000 miles of track, connected to 500 destinations in 46 states and three Canadian provinces. It also served 28.7 million passengers daily. In April of 1971, the government created Amtrak to rescue America's long-distance passenger trains.
  • First benefit concert organized for Bangladesh by George Harrison

    First benefit concert organized for Bangladesh by George Harrison
    The Concert For Bangladesh was the event title for two benefit concerts organized by George Harrison and Ravi Shankar, held at noon and at 7:00 p.m. on August 1, 1971, playing to a total of 40,000 people at Madison Square Garden in New York City. Organized for the relief of refugees from East Pakistan (now independent Bangladesh) after the 1970 Bhola cyclone and during the 1971 Bangladesh atrocities and Bangladesh Liberation War, the event was the first benefit concert of this magnitude in world
  • Attica State prison riots

    The Attica Prison riot occurred at the Attica Correctional Facility in Attica, New York, United States in 1971. The riot was based in part upon prisoners' demands for better living conditions, and was led in large part by a small band of political revolutionaries. On September 9, 1971, responding to the death of prisoner George Jackson, a black radical activist prisoner who had been shot to death by corrections officers in California's San Quentin Prison on August 21.
  • Disney World Opens

    Disney World Opens
    On Friday October 1, 1971 - after seven years of planning - about 10,000 visitors converged near Orlando, Florida, to witness the grand opening of Walt Disney World. The Magic Kingdom (the only theme park at the time on Disney property) featured Adventureland, Fantasyland, Frontierland, Liberty Square, Tomorrowland, a Main Street USA, and about 5,500 Cast Members. The price of admission was $4.95. Now there are one Disney World, and one Disney Land.
  • China joins United Nations

    China joins United Nations
    China's seat in the United Nations and membership of the United Nations Security Council has been occupied by the People's Republic of China (PRC) since October 25, 1971. The representatives of the PRC first attended the UN, including the United Nations Security Council, as China's representatives on November 23, 1971. China's seat in all UN organs had been previously held by the Republic of China (ROC) since the UN's founding (1945–1971), until replaced by the PRC.
  • D.B. Cooper

    D.B. Cooper
    D.B. Cooper: refers the an unidentified man who hijacked a Boeing 727 aircraft in the airspace between Portland, Oregon, and Seattle, Washington, USA on November 24, 1971. The suspect purchased his airline ticket under the alias Dan Cooper, but due to a press miscommunication, he became known in popular lore as "D.B. Cooper." “I want $200,000 in unmarked 20-dollar bills.] I want two back parachutes and two front parachutes. When we land, I want a fuel truck ready to refuel.
  • Last man in the moon

    The Man in the Moon is an imaginary figure resembling a human face, head or body, that observers from some cultural backgrounds typically perceive in the bright disc of the full moon. The figure is composed of the dark areas (the lunar maria, or "seas") and lighter highlands of the lunar surface.
    In one common Western perception of the face, the figure's eyes are Mare Imbrium and Mare Serenitatis, its nose is Sinus Aestuum, and its open mouth is Mare Nubium and Mare Cognitum.
  • Pocket Calculators introduced

    The HP-35 was Hewlett-Packard's first pocket calculator and the world's first scientific pocket calculator (a calculator with trigonometric and exponential functions). Like some of HP's desktop calculators it used reverse Polish notation. Introduced at US$395, the HP-35 was available from 1972 to 1975.
    Market studies at the time had shown no market for pocket sized calculators. In about 1970, HP co-founder Bill Hewlett challenged his co-workers to create a "shirt-pocket sized HP-9100".
  • The Wars Act Passed

    The War Powers Resolution of 1973 (50 U.S.C. 1541-1548) is a U.S. federal law intended to restrict the power of the President to commit the United States to an armed conflict without the consent of Congress. The law was adopted in the form of a United States Congress joint resolution; this provides that the President can send U.S. armed forces into action abroad only by authorization of Congress or in case of "a national emergency created by attack upon the United States.
  • First successful video game (Pong) launched

    First successful video game (Pong) launched
    Pong (marketed as PONG) is one of the earliest arcade video games, and is a tennis sports game featuring simple two-dimensional graphics. While other arcade video games such as Computer Space came before it, Pong was one of the first video games to reach mainstream popularity. The aim is to defeat the opponent in a simulated table tennis game by earning a higher score. The game was originally manufactured by Atari Incorporated (Atari), who released it in 1972.
  • Supreme Court rules against Death penalty

    The death penalty has long been a contentious issue in America, and remains so today. Capital punishment’s morality, legality, effectiveness in preventing crime, and methods of execution continue to spark passionate debate. On June 29, 1972, the U.S. Supreme Court entered the fray by ruling, in a narrow, difficult 5-4 decision, that the death penalty was unconstitutional because it violated the Eighth Amendment’s prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment.
  • Nixon visits China

    .S. President Richard Nixon's 1972 visit to the People's Republic of China was an important step in formally normalizing relations between the United States and the People's Republic of China. It marked the first time a U.S. president had visited the PRC, who at that time considered the U.S. one of its staunchest foes. The visit has become a metaphor for an unexpected or uncharacteristic action by a politician.
  • Mark Spitz wins seven gold medals

    Mark Andrew Spitz (born February 10, 1950) is a retired American swimmer. He won seven gold medals at the 1972 Munich Olympic Games, an achievement surpassed only by Michael Phelps who won eight golds at the 2008 Olympics. Between 1968 and 1972, Spitz won nine Olympic golds plus a silver and a bronze, five Pan American golds, 31 US Amateur Athletic Union titles and eight US National Collegiate Athletic Association titles. During those years, he set 33 world records.
  • George Wallace shot while campaigning

    George Corley Wallace, Jr. (August 25, 1919 – September 13, 1998) was the 45th Governor of Alabama, serving four terms: 1963–1967, 1971–1979 and 1983–1987. "The most influential loser" in 20th-century U.S. politics, according to biographers Dan T. Carter and Stephan Lesher, he ran for U.S. president four times, running officially as a Democrat three times and in the American Independent Party once. A 1972 assassination attempt left him paralyzed; he used a wheelchair for the rest of his life.
  • Watergate Scandel begins

    The Watergate scandal was a political scandal during the 1970s in the United States resulting from the break-in of the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C. Effects of the scandal ultimately led to the resignation of the President of the United States, Richard Nixon, on August 9, 1974, the first and only resignation of any U.S. President.
  • Nixon visits Soviet Union

    In 1972, President Richard M. Nixon took important steps by making historic visits to both China and the Soviet Union. These visits led to improved American relations with both countries and the signing of the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty and the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty.
  • Terrorists attack at the Olympic Games at Munich

    The Munich massacre is an informal name for events that occurred during the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, Bavaria in southern West Germany, when members of the Israeli Olympic team were taken hostage and eventually murdered by the Islamic terrorist group Black September.Members of Black September contended that Yasser Arafat’s Fatah organization secretly endorsed the operation.[citation needed] Fatah, however, disputed this. Black September called the operation Ikrit and Biram
  • M*A*S*H T.V. Show Premiers

    M*A*S*H T.V. Show Premiers (1972): The first episode of the extremely popular TV series MASH aired on CBS on September 17, 1972. The concept of the MASH storyline was thought up by Dr. Richard Hornberger. Under the pseudonym "Richard Hooker," Dr. Hornberger wrote the book MASH: A Novel About Three Army Doctors (1968) which was based on his own experiences as a surgeon in the Korean War. In 1970, the book was turned into a movie, also called MASH, which was directed by Robert Altman.
  • Title IX signed into law by Nixon

    Tuesday marked the 37th year since Title IX was signed into law by the Nixon administration, prohibiting sex discrimination in any educational program or activity at an educational institution that receives federal funding. Sports happened to be one activity that fell under the umbrella of educational activity; along with just about any other extracurricular activity that provided a learning experience. But women’s participation in sports has benefited the most from the law.
  • HBO launched

    HBO, (short for Home Box Office), is an American premium cable television network, owned by Time Warner. As of December 2010[update], HBO's programming reaches 28.6 million subscribers in the United States, making it the second largest premium subscription channel in America (Encore's programming reaches 32.8 million subscribers as of April 2011[update]). In addition to its U.S. subscriber base, HBO also broadcasts in at least 151 countries worldwide.
  • Abortion in the United States

    Abortion in the United States
    Abortion in the United States has been legal in every state since the United States Supreme Court decision in Roe v. Wade, on January 22, 1973. Prior to "Roe", there were exceptions to the abortion ban in at least 10 states; "Roe" established that a woman has a right to self-determination (often referred to as a "right to privacy") covering the decision whether or not to carry a pregnancy to term, but that this right must be balanced against a state's interest in preserving fetal life.
  • President Nixon is elected

    President Nixon is elected
    President Nixon had been elected on a promise to Vietnamize the war, meaning more fighting would be turned over to the South Vietnamese army, and to start bringing home American troops. When the President ordered US troops into Cambodia and ordered more bombings, the result was a tremendous uproar at home with more marches and demonstrations.
  • Paul Getty Gets Kidnapped

    Paul Getty Gets Kidnapped
    His father moved back to England, and at 3am on 10 July 1973, Getty was kidnapped in the Piazza Farnese in Rome. A ransom note was received, demanding $17 million in exchange for his safe return. When that ransom message arrived, some family members suspected the kidnapping was merely a ploy by the rebellious youngster as he had frequently joked about staging his own kidnapping to extract money from his frugal grandfather. He was blindfolded and imprisoned in a mountain hideout.
  • Wars Power Act

    Wars Power Act
    1973The Endangered Species Act of 1973 is one of the dozens of United States environmental laws passed in the 1970s. Signed into law by President Richard Nixon on December 28, 1973, it was designed to protect critically imperiled species from extinction as a "consequence of economic growth and development untendered by adequate concern and conservation."
  • The Endangered Species Act

    The Endangered Species Act
    1973The Endangered Species Act of 1973 is one of the dozens of United States environmental laws passed in the 1970s. Signed into law by President Richard Nixon on December 28, 1973, it was designed to protect critically imperiled species from extinction as a "consequence of economic growth and development untendered by adequate concern and conservation."The Act is administered by two federal agencies.
  • Girls allowed to play in Little League Baseball

    Girls allowed to play in Little League Baseball
    So, in 1974, Little League Softball for girls was created, and the baseball rules and regulations were made non-gender specific. In 1974, nearly 30,000 girls signed up for the softball program. One in 57 Little Leaguers that year was a girl.
    The move came amid lively debates on women's rights. It was three years after President Nixon signed Title IX into law, giving women greater opportunities to receive scholarships and funding for college athletics.
  • Patty Hearst Kidnapped

    Patty Hearst Kidnapped
    On February 4, 1974, the 19-year-old Hearst was kidnapped from the Berkeley, California apartment she shared with her fiancé Steven Weed by a left-wing urban guerrilla group called the Symbionese Liberation Army. When the attempt to swap Hearst for jailed SLA members failed, the SLA demanded that the captive's family distribute $70 worth of food to every needy Californian – an operation that would cost an estimated $400 million. I
  • Supplemental Security Income introduced

    Supplemental Security Income (or SSI) is a United States government program that provides stipends to low-income people who are either aged (65 or older), blind, or disabled.Although administered by the Social Security Administration, SSI is funded from the U.S. Treasury general funds, not the Social Security trust fund. SSI was created in 1974 to replace federal-state adult assistance programs that served the same purpose. The restructuring of these programs was intended to standardiz
  • The First Bar Codes

    The First Bar Codes
    Bar code was first used commercially in 1966, however, it was soon realized that there would have to be some sort of industry standard set. By 1970, the Universal Grocery Products Identification Code or UGPIC was written by a company called Logicon Inc. The first company to produce bar code equipment for retail trade use (using UGPIC) was the American company Monarch Marking in 1970, and for industrial use, the British company Plessey Telecommunications was also first in 1970.
  • U.S. President Nixon Resigns

    U.S. President Nixon Resigns
    In light of his loss of political support and the near certainty of impeachment, Nixon resigned the office of the presidency on August 9, 1974, after addressing the nation on television the previous evening. The resignation speech was delivered on August 8, 1974, at 9:01 pm Eastern time from the Oval Office and was carried live on radio and television.
  • Gerald Ford pardons Nixon

    Gerald Ford pardons Nixon
    On September 8, 1974, one month after President Richard Nixon resigned the presidency amid the Watergate scandal, his successor, President Gerald R. Ford, announced his decision to grant Nixon a full pardon for any crimes he may have committed while in office.
  • National Speed Limit 55

    National Speed Limit 55
    In late November 1973, Texas Governor Dolph Briscoe recommended adoption of a 55 mph statewide limit. On December 4, the Texas Highway Commission, with a 3-0 vote, adopted this 55 mph speed limit, citing unsafe speed differentials between the flow of traffic and people driving too slowly to comply with President Nixon's and Governor Briscoe's requests for voluntary slowdowns. The legality of the measure was questioned, and two Texas legislators threatened to sue to block the limit.
  • Microsoft Founded

    Microsoft Corporation is an American public multinational corporation headquartered in Redmond, Washington, USA that develops, manufactures, licenses, and supports a wide range of products and services predominantly related to computing through its various product divisions. Established on April 4, 1975 to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800, Microsoft rose to dominate the home computer operating system market with MS-DOS in the mid-1980s.
  • Saigon Falls to Communism

    The Fall of Saigon was the capture of Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam, by the People's Army of Vietnam and the National Liberation Front on April 30, 1975. The event marked the end of the Vietnam War and the start of a transition period leading to the formal reunification of Vietnam under communist rule.
  • Computerized Supermarket checkouts begin to appear

    It works on ERP. The Enterprise Resource Planning let them track the inventory, sales, discounts, profit margins etc.. at one go. When a teller, insert your items into the system then system programming automatically calculates everything from item code mentioned on the item.
  • Catalytic convertors introduced on cars

    A catalytic converter is a device used to reduce the array of emissions from an internal combustion engine. A catalytic converter works by using a catalyst to stimulate a chemical reaction in which the by-products of combustion are converted to produce less harmful and/or inert substances, such as the very poisonous carbon monoxide to carbon dioxide. I
  • Jimmy Hoffa disappears

    James Riddle "Jimmy" Hoffa was an American labor union leader and author.Hoffa was involved with the International Brotherhood of Teamsters union, as an organizer from 1932 to 1975. He served as the union's General President from 1958 to 1971. He secured the first national agreement for teamsters' rates in 1964, and played a major role in the growth and development of the union, which eventually became the largest single union in the United States.
  • President Ford assassination attempts (2)

    But for some quick action, Gerald R. Ford's presidency, and his life, could have ended amid gunshots outside San Francisco's St. Francis Hotel on the afternoon of Sept. 22, 1975. As Ford emerged from the historic Union Square hotel's Post Street entrance at 3:30 p.m. after addressing a World Affairs Council audience, he paused before getting into his limousine to wave to the crowd across the street. In a flash, two shots rang out. The first narrowly missed the 38th president of the United States
  • Francisco Franco

    Francisco Franco
    Francisco Franco, the son of a naval postmaster, was born in El Ferrol, Spain, on 4th December, 1892. Franco graduated from the Toledo Military Academy in 1910. Commissioned into the 8th Regiment he was posted to Morocco in 1913. Although physically small he proved to be a courageous officer and won rapid promotion.
  • Arthur Ashe

    Arthur Ashe
    Tennis player. Born Arthur Robert Ashe, Jr. on July 10,1943, in Richmond, Virginia. The oldest of Arthur Ashe, Sr. and Mattie Cunningham's two sons, Arthur Ashe, Jr. blended finesse and power to forge a groundbreaking tennis game. He became the first, and currently only, African-American to win the men's singles at Wimbledon, the U.S. Open, or the Australian Open. Ashe's childhood was marked by hardship and opportunity.
  • Apple Computer launch

    Apple Computer launch
    Apple was established on April 1, 1976 by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, and Ronald Wayne, to sell the Apple I personal computer kit. They were hand-built by Wozniak and first shown to the public at the Homebrew Computer Club. The Apple I was sold as a motherboard (with CPU, RAM, and basic textual-video chips)—less than what is today considered a complete personal computer.The Apple I went on sale in July 1976 and was market-priced at $666.66 ($2,572 in 2011 dollars, adjusted for inflation.)
  • N and S Vietnam Join to Form the Socialist Republic of Vietnam

    A communist state in Indochina on the South China Sea; achieved independence from France in 1945
  • Betamax VCRS’s released

    The Betamax VCR was released on May 19th 1967; it was a home video cassette tape recording format developed by Sony. The ½ an inch wide cassette video tape design format was very similar to the earlier U-Matic format, which was ¾ an inch
  • Entebbe Air Raid

    On July 4th 1976, Operation Entebbe took place. It was a hostage-rescue mission carried out by the IDF (Israel Defense Force) at the Entebbe Airport in Uganda, Africa. A week earlier before this mass operation an Air France plane with 248 passengers was hijacked by terrorists and was flown to Entebbe.
  • West Point admits women

    “. . . the Secretaries of the military departments concerned shall take such action as may be necessary and appropriate to insure that (1) female individuals shall be eligible for appointment and admission to the service academy concerned, beginning in calendar year 1976, and (2) “the academic and other relevant standards required for appointment, (admission) training, graduation and commissioning of female individuals shall be the same as those required for male individuals.
  • Karen Ann Quinlan

    Karen Ann was an important person in the right to die controversy. She was 21 and after arriving home from a party, she was unconscious. She had consumed diazepam, and dextropopoxyphene, as well as alcohol. Karen was lapsed into vegetative state. She was kept alive on a ventilator for several months. In this time period there was no improvement, her parents requested that the hospital disconnect Karen from the ventilator and allow her to die. The hospital refused to stop active care.
  • Mao Tse Tung dies

    Mao Tse Tung died on September 9th 1967 at the age of 82. The cause of his death was from the disease of ALS or Lou Gehrig’s disease, another reason for his death was due to his addiction to smoking. His death came upon the end of a long decline (5 years). During this time various factions vied to win the power struggle, his death catalyzed this event.
  • Legionnaires diseases strikes 182, kills 29

    The Legionnaires disease is a form of pneumonia by the Bacillus Legionella pneumophila. The disease gets its name from the American Legion, a U.S military veteran organization in a Philadelphia hotel where 182 Legionnaires contracted the disease. 29 of the Legionnaires that had contracted the disease died.
  • Miniseries Roots Airs

    Roots is a 1977 American television miniseries based on Alex Haley's work Roots: The Saga of an American Family. Roots received 36 Emmy Award nominations, winning nine; it also won a Golden Globe and a Peabody Award. It received unprecedented Nielsen ratings with the finale still standing as the third-highest rated U.S. television program ever. It was shot on a budget of $6 million.The series introduced LeVar Burton in the role of Kunta Kinte, Haley's maternal fourth great-grandfather.
  • Alaskan Pipeline completed

    The Trans-Alaska Pipeline System (TAPS), includes the Trans-Alaska Pipeline, 11 pump stations, several hundred miles of feeder pipelines, and the Valdez Marine Terminal. TAPS is one of the world's largest pipeline systems. It is commonly called the Alaska Pipeline, Trans-Alaska Pipeline, or Alyeska Pipeline, (or the Pipeline as referred to in Alaska), but those terms technically apply only to the 800 miles (1,287 km) of the pipeline with the diameter of 48 inches (122 cm)
  • President Carter pardons Vietnam Draft Dodgers

    His Oval Office chair was barely warm when President Jimmy Carter fulfilled a controversial campaign promise on his first day in the White House by issuing a pardon to those who avoided serving in the Vietnam war by fleeing the U.S. or not registering. President Gerald Ford had earlier introduced a conditional amnesty, but Carter, hoping to heal the war's wounds, made no conditions. He did, however, exclude many groups of individuals from the pardon: deserters were not eligible,
  • Star Wars Movie Released

    Star Wars Movie Released
    Star Wars is an American epic space opera franchise conceived by George Lucas. The first film in the franchise was originally released on May 25, 1977, under the title Star Wars, by 20th Century Fox, and became a worldwide pop culture phenomenon, followed by two sequels, released at three-year intervals. Sixteen years after the release of the trilogy's final film, the first in a new prequel trilogy of films was released, again at three-year intervals, with the final film released on May 19, 2005
  • New York City blackout

    The New York City Blackout of 1977 was an electricity blackout that affected most of New York City from July 13, 1977 to July 14, 1977. The only neighborhoods in New York City that were not affected were in southern Queens, and neighborhoods of the Rockaways, which are part of the Long Island Lighting Company System. Unlike other blackouts that affected the region, namely the Northeast Blackout of 1965 and the Northeast Blackout of 2003, the 1977 blackout was localized to New York City.
  • First black Miss Universe

    Miss Universe is an annual international beauty contest run by the Miss Universe Organization.The pageant is the most publicized beauty contest in the world with 600 million viewers.The contest was founded in 1952 by California clothing company Pacific Mills. The pageant became part of Kayser-Roth and then Gulf and Western Industries, before being acquired by Donald Trump in 1996. In 1998, Miss Universe changed its name from Miss Universe, Inc.
  • Neutron bomb funding began

    The Neutron bomb was an atomic weapon designed to spread radiation to kill people and leave buildings intact.A wave of Soviet tanks and armored personnel carriers rolls across the northern German plain. Unable to stem the tide, NATO generals request permission to use tactical nuclear weapons. According to an alliance agreement, the President of the U.S. must give his assent before battlefield nukes can be fired. He does. Scores of heavy artillery pieces are aimed at the invaders.
  • Elvis Found Dead

    Elvis Presley died on 16 August 1977 at his home Graceland in Memphis. His body was found by girlfriend, Ginger Alden in the upstairs bathroom. Ginger summoned Joe Esposito & Al Strada and Dr Nick. All efforts to revive Elvis were futile. Elvis had probably been dead for many hours by the time his body was found. Elvis had not gone to bed at his customary time, between six and seven am.
  • Red Dye #2 is banned

    Even today, artificial dyes are subject to some of the most bizarre fears and nastiest urban legends. Blame Red Dye No. 2. In the 1970s, Soviet scientists claimed a link between the dye — used in everything from sausage casings and ice cream to makeup — and cancer, and U.S. tests proved some correlation as well. Though it was never linked to any deaths or illnesses, the substance was banned from U.S. shelves in 1976.
  • Atlantic City Permits Gambling

    In an effort at revitalizing the city, New Jersey voters in 1976 approved casino gambling for Atlantic City; this came after a 1974 referendum on legalized gambling failed to pass. Immediately after the legislation passed, the owners of the Chalfonte-Haddon Hall Hotel began converting it into the Resorts International. It was the first legal casino in the eastern United States when it opened on May 26, 1978. Other casinos were soon constructed along the Boardwalk.
  • Camp David accords to middle east peace

    President Clinton announced his invitation to Barak and Arafat on July 5, 2000, to come to Camp David to continue their negotiations on the Middle East peace process. There was a hopeful precedent in the 1978 Camp David Accords where President Jimmy Carter was able to broker a peace agreement between Egypt, represented by President Anwar Sadat, and Israel represented by Prime Minister Menachem Begin. The Oslo Accords of 1993 between the later assassinated Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin.
  • Love Canal

    The lack of public interest in Love Canal made matters worse for the homeowners' association, which now battled two organizations who were spending vast amounts of money to disprove negligence. Initially, members of the association had been frustrated by the lack of a public entity that could advise and defend them. Gibbs met with considerable public resistance from a number of residents within the community: the mostly middle-class families did not have the resources to protect themselves.
  • Pope

    In August 1978, following the death of Pope Paul VI, Cardinal Wojtyła voted in the Papal conclave that elected Pope John Paul I, who at 65 was considered young by papal standards. John Paul I died after only 33 days as Pope, thereby precipitating another conclave.
  • Jonestown

    Jonestown was the informal name for the Peoples Temple Agricultural Project, an intentional community in northwestern Guyana formed by the Peoples Temple, a cult led by Jim Jones. It became internationally notorious when, on November 18, 1978, 918 people died in the settlement as well as in a nearby airstrip and in Georgetown, Guyana's capital. The name of the settlement became synonymous with the incidents at those locations.
  • Jerry Falwell begins Moral Majority

    In 1979, Falwell founded the Moral Majority, which became one of the largest political lobby groups for evangelical Christians in the United States during the 1980s. The Moral Majority was founded as being "pro-family", "pro-life", "pro-defense" and pro-Israel. The group is credited with delivering two thirds of the white, evangelical Christian vote to Ronald Reagan during the 1980 presidential election.
  • Margaret Thatcher First Woman Prime Minister of Great Britain

    Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, PC, FRS (née Roberts; born 13 October 1925) is a former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom who served from 1979 to 1990.Born in Grantham, Lincolnshire, she studied chemistry at Somerville College, Oxford before qualifying as a barrister. In the 1959 general election she became MP for Finchley. Edward Heath appointed Thatcher Secretary of State for Education and Science in his 1970 government.
  • Nuclear Accident at Three Mile Island

    The Three Mile Island accident was a partial core meltdown in Unit 2 (a pressurized water reactor manufactured by Babcock & Wilcox) of the Three Mile Island Nuclear Generating Station in Dauphin County, Pennsylvania near Harrisburg, United States in 1979. The accident began at 4 a.m. on Wednesday, March 28, 1979, with failures in the non-nuclear secondary system, followed by a stuck-open pilot-operated relief valve (PORV) in the primary system.
  • ESPN starts broadcasting

    The Eastern Sports Programming Network, usually referred to by its acronym ESPN, is an American cable television network focusing on sports-related programming. Founded by Bill Rasmussen his son Scott Rasmussen and Getty Oil executive Stuart Evey, it launched on September 7, 1979, under the direction of Chet Simmons, the network's President and CEO (and later the United States Football League's first commissioner). Getty Oil Company provided the funding to begin the new venture.
  • Sony Introduces the Walkman

    Walkman is a Sony brand tradename originally used for portable audio cassette, and now used to market Sony's portable audio and video players as well as a line of Sony Ericsson mobile phones. The original Walkman introduced a change in music listening habits by allowing people to carry music with them and listen to music through lightweight headphones.The device was built in 1978 by audio-division engineer Nobutoshi Kihara for Sony co-chairman Akio Morita.
  • The Greensboro Massacre

    The Greensboro massacre occurred on November 3, 1979 in Greensboro, North Carolina, United States. Five protest marchers were shot and killed by members of the Ku Klux Klan and the American Nazi Party. The protest was the culmination of attempts by the Communist Workers Party to organize mostly black industrial workers in the area. The marchers killed were: Sandi Smith, a nurse and civil rights activist; Dr. James Waller.
  • Iran Takes American Hostages in Tehran

    The Iran hostage crisis was a diplomatic crisis between Iran and the United States. Fifty-two US citizens were held hostage for 444 days from November 4, 1979 to January 20, 1981, after a group of Islamic students and militants took over the Embassy of the United States in support of the Iranian Revolution. Sixty-six Americans were taken captive when Iranian militants seized the U.S. Embassy in Tehran on November 4, 1979, including three who were at the Iranian Foreign Ministry.
  • Ayatollah Khomeini Returns as Leader of Iran

    Religious leader Ayatollah Khomeini has made a triumphant return to Iran after 14 years in exile. Up to five million people lined the streets of the nation's capital, Tehran, to witness the homecoming of the Shia Muslim imam.
    Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, 78, was imprisoned by the Shah in 1963 for his opposition to reforms and was expelled the following year, to Iraq - via Turkey. He spent the last few months of his exile in France, near Paris.