By dxxson
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    Malcolm X

    Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little on May 19, 1925 in Omaha, Nebraska. His mother, Louise Norton Little, was a homemaker occupied with the family's eight children. His father, Earl Little, was an outspoken Baptist minister and avid supporter of Black Nationalist leader Marcus Garvey.
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    Martin Luther

    Martin Luther King Jr. was an American Baptist minister and activist who was a leader in the Civil Rights Movement. He is best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights using nonviolent civil disobedience based on his Christian beliefs.
  • G.I. Bill

    G.I. Bill
    On June 22, 1944, the Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944, commonly known as the G.I. Bill of Rights, was signed into law. During the war, politicians wanted to avoid the postwar confusion about veterans' benefits that became a political football in the 1920s and 1930s.
  • Iron Curtain

    Iron Curtain
    The Iron Curtain was the name for the limit isolating Europe into two separate zones from the finish of World War II in 1945 until the finish of the Cold War in 1991.
  • Truman Doctrine

    Truman Doctrine
    President Harry S. Truman set up that the United States would give political, military and monetary help to every single majority rule country under risk from outer or inward tyrant strengths. The Truman Doctrine adequately reoriented US Foriegn policy, far from its typical position of withdrawal from territorial clashes not specifically including the United States, to one of conceivable mediation in far away clashes.
  • Marshall Plan

    Marshall Plan
    was an American activity to help Western Europe, in which the United States gave over $13 billion[1] (roughly $130 billion in current dollar esteem as of June 2016) in monetary support to help remake Western European economies after the finish of World War II. The arrangement was in operation for a long time starting April 8, 1948
  • 2nd red scare

    2nd red scare
    alludes to the dread of socialism that saturated American governmental issues, culture, and society from the late 1940s through the 1950s, amid the opening periods of the Cold War with the Soviet Union.
  • Berlin Airlift

    Berlin Airlift
    British, and Soviet military forces divided and occupied Germany. Also divided into occupation zones, Berlin was located far inside Soviet-controlled eastern Germany
  • Fair Deal

    Fair Deal
    In his 1949 State of the Union address to Congress on January 5, 1949, Truman stated that "Every segment of our population, and every individual, has a right to expect from his government a fair deal."
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    Beat Generation

    A literary movement started by authors whose work explored and influenced American culture and politics in the post-World War II era. The bulk of their work was published and popularized throughout the 1950s. Central elements of Beat culture are rejection of standard narrative values, spiritual quest, exploration of American and Eastern religions, rejection of materialism, explicit portrayals of the human condition, experimentation with psychedelic drugs, and sexual liberation and exploration
  • Mccarthyism

    McCarthyism is the practice of making accusations of subversion or treason without proper regard for evidence.
  • Forgotten War

    Forgotten War
    e Korean War began when some 75,000 soldiers from the North Korean People’s Army poured across the 38th parallel, the boundary between the Soviet-backed Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to the north and the pro-Western Republic of Korea to the south. This invasion was the first military action of the Cold War.
  • Atomic/Hydrogen Weapons

    Atomic/Hydrogen Weapons
    A mushroom cloud from the world's first successful hydrogen bomb test, on Nov. 1, 1952.Thermonuclear bombs start with the same fission reaction that powers atomic bombs
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    Warren Court

    Earl Warren was an American jurist and politician, who served as the 30th Governor of California and later the 14th Chief Justice of the United States
    He is best known for the liberal decisions of the so-called Warren Court, which outlawed segregation in public schools and transformed many areas of American law, especially regarding the rights of the accused, ending public school-sponsored prayers, and requiring "one man–one vote" rules of apportionment of election districts.
  • Polio Vaccine

    Polio Vaccine
    On March 26, 1953, American medical researcher Dr. Jonas Salk announces on a national radio show that he has successfully tested a vaccine against poliomyelitis, the virus that causes the crippling disease of polio.
  • Dr. Jonas Salk

    Dr. Jonas Salk
    Until 1955, when the Salk vaccine was introduced, polio was considered one of the most frightening public health problems in the world. In the postwar United States, annual epidemics were increasingly devastating. The 1952 U.S. epidemic was the worst outbreak in the nation's history. Of nearly 58,000 cases reported that year, 3,145 people died and 21,269 were left with mild to disabling paralysis, with most of its patients being children.
  • Brown V Board Of Education

    Brown V Board Of Education
    On May 17, 1954 the United States Supreme Court handed down its ruling in the landmark case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas. The Court’s unanimous decision overturned provisions of the 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson decision, which had allowed for “separate but equal” public facilities, including public schools in the United States. Declaring that “separate educational facilities are inherently unequal,”
  • Emmett Till

    Emmett Till
    Emmett Till. Emmett Louis Till was an African-American teenager who was lynched in Mississippi at the age of 14 in 1955 after being falsely accused of flirting with a white woman.
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    Vietnam War

    The Vietnam War was a long, costly armed conflict that pitted the communist regime of North Vietnam and its southern allies, known as the Viet Cong, against South Vietnam and its principal ally, the United States. The divisive war, increasingly unpopular at home, ended with the withdrawal of U.S. forces in 1973 and the unification of Vietnam under Communist control two years later. More than 3 million people, including 58,000 Americans, were killed in the conflict.
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    Montgomery Bus Boycott

    The Montgomery Bus Boycott, in which African Americans refused to ride city buses in Montgomery, Alabama, to protest segregated seating, took place from December 5, 1955, to December 20, 1956, and is regarded as the first large-scale demonstration against segregation in the U.S. On December 1, 1955, four days before the boycott began, Rosa Parks, an African-American woman, refused to yield her seat to a white man on a Montgomery bus. She was arrested and fined.
  • Little Rock 9

    Little Rock 9
    In a key event of the American Civil Rights Movement, nine black students enrolled at formerly all-white Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas, in September 1957, testing a landmark 1954 U.S. Supreme Court ruling that declared segregation in public schools unconstitutional.
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    Space Race

    The Space Race refers to the 20th-century competition between two Cold War rivals, the Soviet Union (USSR) and the United States (US), for supremacy in spaceflight capability.
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    Feminism in the 60s

    Second-wave feminism is a period of feminist activity and thought that first began in the early 1960s in the United States, and eventually spread throughout the Western world and beyond. In the United States the movement lasted through the early 1980s. It later became a worldwide movement that was strong in Europe and parts of Asia, such as Turkey and Israel, where it began in the 1980s, and it began at other times in other countries
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    LSD was popularized in the 1960s by individuals such as psychologist Timothy Leary, who encouraged American students to “turn on, tune in, and drop out.” This created an entire counterculture of drug abuse and spread the drug from America to the United Kingdom and the rest of Europe. Even today, use of LSD in the United Kingdom is significantly higher than in other parts of the world.
  • Peace Corps

    Peace Corps
    he Peace Corps is a volunteer program run by the United States government. The stated mission of the Peace Corps includes providing technical assistance, helping people outside the United States to understand American culture, and helping Americans to understand the cultures of other countries
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    Counter Culture

    A counterculture is a subculture whose values and norms of behavior differ substantially from those of mainstream society, often in opposition to mainstream cultural mores.
  • Freedom rides

    Freedom rides
    The first Freedom Ride took place on May 4, 1961 when seven blacks and six whites left Washington, D.C., on two public buses bound for the Deep South. They intended to test the Supreme Court's ruling in Boynton v. Virginia (1960), which declared segregation in interstate bus and rail stations unconstitutional
  • Watergate

    June 17, 1972, several burglars were arrested inside the office of the DNC located in the Watergate building in Washington, D.C. The prowlers were connected to President Nixon’s reelection campaign, and they had been caught while attempting to wiretap phones and steal secret documents. While people were not sure whether Nixon knew about the Watergate espionage operation before it happened, he took steps to cover it up afterward, raising “hush money” for the burglars
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Cuban Missile Crisis
    During the Cuban Missile Crisis, leaders of the U.S. and the Soviet Union engaged in a tense, 13-day political and military standoff in October 1962 over the installation of nuclear-armed Soviet missiles on Cuba, just 90 miles from U.S. shores. Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev’s offer to remove the Cuban missiles in exchange for the U.S. promising not to invade Cuba. Kennedy also secretly agreed to remove U.S. missiles from Turkey.
  • March on Washington

    March on Washington
    On August 28, 1963, 200,000 Americans gathered in D.C., for a political rally known as the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. Organized by a number of civil rights and religious groups, the event was designed to shed light on the political and social challenges African Americans continued to face across the country. The march, which became a key moment in the growing struggle for civil rights in the United States, culminated in Martin Luther King Jr.’s “I Have a Dream” speech
  • Birmingham Bombing

    Birmingham Bombing
    The 16th Street Baptist Church bombing was an act of white supremacist terrorism which occurred at the African-American 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama on Sunday, September 15, 1963, when four members of the Ku Klux Klan planted at least 15 sticks of dynamite attached to a timing device beneath the front steps of the church.
  • JFK Assassination

    JFK Assassination
    John F. Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States, was assassinated on November 22, 1963 at 12:30 p.m Central Standard Time in Dallas, Texas while riding in a motorcade in Dealey Plaza. Kennedy was fatally shot by Lee Harvey Oswald while he was riding with his wife, Jacqueline, Texas Governor John Connally, and Connally's wife, Nellie, in a presidential motorcade.
  • Lee Harvey Oswald

    Lee Harvey Oswald
    Lee Harvey Oswald was an American former U.S. Marine who assassinated United States President John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963. According to four federal government investigations and one municipal investigation, Oswald shot and killed Kennedy as the President traveled by motorcade through Dealey Plaza in the city of Dallas, Texas.
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    Great Society

    The Great Society was a set of domestic programs in the United States launched by Democratic President Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964–65. The main goal was the elimination of poverty and racial injustice.
  • Freedom Summer

    Freedom Summer
    Freedom Summer, or the Mississippi Summer Project, was a volunteer campaign in the United States launched in June 1964 to attempt to register as many African-American voters as possible in Mississippi.
  • Barry Goldwater

    Barry Goldwater
    Barry Morris Goldwater was an American politician who was a five-term United States Senator from Arizona and the Republican Party's nominee for President of the United States in the 1964 election. Despite losing the election by a landslide, Goldwater is the politician most often credited for sparking the resurgence of the American conservative political movement in the 1960s.Goldwater rejected the legacy of the New Deal and fought through the conservative coalition against the New Deal coalition
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    Nixon Presidnecy

    Richard Nixon was elected the 37th President of the United States (1969-1974) after previously serving as a U.S. Representative and a U.S. Senator from California. After successfully ending American fighting in Vietnam and improving international relations with the U.S.S.R. and China, he became the only President to ever resign the office, as a result of the Watergate scandal.
  • Race to Space

    Race to Space
    Race to the Moon. It is 1961 and the Soviet Union has quite recently propelled the primary man into space. President Kennedy reacts by saying, "I believe that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to Earth."
  • OPEC

    OPEC's stated mission is "to coordinate and unify the petroleum policies of its member countries and ensure the stabilization of oil markets, in order to secure an efficient, economic and regular supply of petroleum to consumers, a steady income to producers, and a fair return on capital for those investing in the petroleum industry."
  • Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)

    Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)
    On March 22, 1972, the Equal Rights Amendment is passed by the U.S. Senate and sent to the states for ratification. First proposed by the National Woman's political party in 1923, the Equal Rights Amendment was to provide for the legal equality of the sexes and prohibit discrimination on the basis of sex.
  • Heritage Foundation

    Heritage Foundation
    The Heritage Foundation is an American conservative think tank based in Washington, D.C. The foundation took a leading role in the conservative movement during the presidency of Ronald Reagan, whose policies were taken from Heritage's policy study Mandate for Leadership. Heritage has since continued to have a significant influence in U.S. public policy making, and is considered to be one of the most influential conservative research organizations in the United States.
  • Gerald Ford Presidency

    Gerald Ford Presidency
    Gerald Ford had been the first Vice President chosen under the terms of the Twenty-fifth Amendment and, in the aftermath of the Watergate scandal, was succeeding the first President ever to resign. Ford was confronted with almost insuperable tasks. There were the challenges of mastering inflation, reviving a depressed economy, solving chronic energy shortages, and trying to ensure world peace.
  • Beginnings of Personal Computer

    Beginnings of Personal Computer
    The 1981 launch of the IBM Personal Computer coined both the term Personal Computer and PC. A personal computer is one intended for interactive individual use,as opposed to a mainframe computer where the end user's requests are filtered through operating staff, or a time-sharing system in which one large processor is shared by many individuals. After the development of the microprocessor, individual personal computers were low enough in cost that they eventually became affordable consumer goods.
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    Jimmy Carter Presidency

    Jimmy Carter Jr is an American politician who served as the 39th President of the United States from 1977 to 1981. A member of the Democratic Party, he served as the Governor of Georgia prior to his election as president. Carter has remained active in public life during his post-presidency, and in 2002 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his work with the Carter Center.
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    Iran Hostage Crisis

    On November 4, 1979, a group of Iranian students stormed the U.S. Embassy in Tehran, taking more than 60 American hostages. ... The students set their hostages free on January 21, 1981, 444 days after the crisis began and just hours after President Ronald Reagan delivered his inaugural address.
  • Moral Majority

    Moral Majority
    The Moral Majority was a prominent American political organization associated with the Christian right and Republican Party. It was founded in 1979 by Baptist minister Jerry Falwell and associates, and dissolved in the late 1980s. It played a key role in the mobilization of conservative Christians as a political force and particularly in Republican presidential victories throughout the 1980s.(no official date found)
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    Soviet War In Afghanistan

    Insurgent groups known as the mujahideen fought against the Soviet Army and the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan. Between 562,000-2 million civilians were killed and millions of Afghans fled the country as refugees.
  • Election of 1980

    Election of 1980
    The United States presidential election of 1980 featured a contest between Democrat Jimmy Carter and his Republican opponent, Ronald Reagan, as well as Republican Congressman John B. Anderson, who ran as an independent. Reagan, aided by the Iran hostage crisis and a worsening economy at home, won the election in a landslide.
  • Robert Johnson

    Robert Johnson
    Robert Louis "Bob" Johnson (born April 8, 1946) is an African American entrepreneur, media magnate, executive, philanthropist and investor.He is the founder of BET, which was sold to Viacom in 2001. He also founded RLJ Companies, a holding company that invests in various business sectors. Johnson is the former majority owner of the Charlotte Bobcats. He became the first black American billionaire.
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    Reagan Presidency.

    During his presidency, Reagan pursued policies that reflected his personal belief in individual freedom; brought changes domestically, both to the U.S. economy and expanded military; and contributed to the end of the Cold War Termed the "Reagan Revolution," his presidency would reinvigorate American morale, reinvigorate the U.S. economy and reduce reliance upon government.
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    Space Shuttle Program

    The program was the United States government's manned launch vehicle program from 1981 to 2011, administered by NASA and officially beginning in 1972. The Space Shuttle system composed of an orbiter launched with two solid rocket boosters and a disposable external fuel tank carried up to eight astronauts and 50,000 lb of payload into Earth orbit.
  • Sandra Day O'Connor

    Sandra Day O'Connor
    Sandra Day O'Connor is a retired associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, serving from her appointment in 1981 by Ronald Reagan until her retirement in 2006. She was the first woman to serve as a Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.
  • AIDS Crisis

    AIDS Crisis
    The U.S. (CDC) publish a Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report(MMWR), describing cases of a rare lung infection, Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia(PCP), in five young, previously healthy, gay men in Los Angeles. All the men have other unusual infections as well, indicating that their immune systems are not working; two have already died by the time the report is published. This edition of the MMWR marks the first official reporting of what will become known as the AIDS epidemic.
  • MTV

    MTV launched with the words "Ladies and gentlemen, rock and roll," spoken by John Lack and played over footage of the first Space Shuttle launch countdown of Columbia (which took place earlier that year) and of the launch of Apollo 11.
  • Just In Time Invetory

    Just In Time Invetory
    In 1983, the company set up a private satellite system to track delivery trucks, process credit card transactions, and transmit sales data. This last process led to Walton’s pioneering “just-in-time” inventory. This method eliminates the need for storage at each store. Instead, the local distribution center can know, via satellite, when a given store is nearly out of a product and can truck more in immediately(year but no specific date)
  • Reagan Doctrine

    Reagan Doctrine
    The Reagan Doctrine was a strategy orchestrated and implemented by the United States under the Reagan Administration to overwhelm the global influence of the Soviet Union in an attempt to end the Cold War. The doctrine was the centerpiece of United States foreign policy from the early 1980s until the end of the Cold War in 1991.
  • Challenger Explosion

    Challenger Explosion
    Shuttle Challenger (OV-99) broke apart 73 seconds into its flight, killing all seven crew members, which consisted of five NASA astronauts and two payload specialists. The spacecraft disintegrated over the Atlantic Ocean, off the coast of Cape Canaveral, Florida, at 11:39. The O-ring was not designed to fly under unusually cold conditions as in this launch. Its failure caused a breach in the SRB joint it sealed, allowing pressurized burning gas from within the solid rocket motor to reach.
  • Oprah Winfrey

    Oprah Winfrey
    Oprah is an American media proprietor, talk show host, and producer. She is best known for her talk show The Oprah Winfrey Show, which was the highest-rated television program of its kind in history and was nationally syndicated from 1986 to 2011 in Chicago, Illinois. Dubbed the "Queen of All Media" she has been ranked the richest African-American and is currently North America's first and only multi-billionaire black person. (Date Is from first oprah winfrey show)
  • Communism collapses in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union

    Communism collapses in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union
    thousands of jubilant Germans brought down the most visible symbol of division at the heart of Europe—the Berlin Wall. By 1990, the former communist leaders were out of power, free elections were held, and Germany was whole again.
  • Fall of the Berlin Wall

    Fall of the Berlin Wall
    The Berlin Wall was a guarded concrete barrier that physically and ideologically divided Berlin from 1961 to 1989.Constructed by the German Democratic Republic. starting on 13 August 1961, the Wall completely cut off . West Berlin from surrounding East Germany and from East Berlin until government officials opened it in November 1989. Its demolition officially began on 13 June 1990 and was completed in 1992
  • Cell phones

    Cell phones
    In the 1990s, the 'second generation' mobile phone systems emerged. These differed from the previous generation by using digital instead of analog transmission, and also fast out-of-band phone-to-network signaling. The rise in mobile phone usage as a result of 2G was explosive and this era also saw the advent of prepaid mobile phones.( no specific date)
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    Persian Gulf War/ 1st Iraq War

    Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein ordered the invasion and occupation of neighboring Kuwait in early August 1990. Alarmed by these actions, fellow Arab powers such as Saudi Arabia and Egypt called on the United States and other Western nations to intervene. Hussein defied United Nations Security Council demands to withdraw from Kuwait by mid-January 1991, and the Persian Gulf War began
  • Rodney King Incident

    Rodney King Incident
    Rodney Glen King was a taxi driver who became internationally known after being beaten by Los Angeles Police Department officers following a high-speed car chase.
  • Election Of 1992

    Election Of 1992
    The election of 1992 had 3 major candidates: Republican President George Bush Democrat Bill Clinton, and independent Ross Perot.
    Bush had lost much of his conservative base by breaking his campaign pledge against raising taxes, the economy was in a recession, and he perceived greatest strength foreign policy, was regarded as much less important following the collapse of the Soviet Union and the relatively peaceful climate in the Middle East after the defeat of Iraq in the Gulf War. Clinton won.
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    Bill Clinton Presidency

    During his presidency, Clinton advocated for a wide variety of legislation and programs, most were enacted into law or implemented by the executive branch. His policies, particularly the NAFTA and welfare reform, have been attributed to a centrist Third Way philosophy of governance. His policy of conservatism helped to reduce deficits on budgetary matters.Clinton presided over the longest period of peacetime economic expansion in American history.
  • World Trade Center Attack 1993

    World Trade Center Attack 1993
    The 1993 World Trade Center bombing was a terrorist attack on the World Trade Center, when a truck bomb detonated below the North Tower of the World Trade Center in New York City. The 1,336 pounds urea nitrate–hydrogen gas enhanced device was intended to send the North Tower crashing into the South Tower, bringing both towers down and killing tens of thousands of people.It failed to do so but killed six people and injured over a thousand
  • NAFTA/North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)

    NAFTA/North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
    An agreement signed by Canada, Mexico, and the United States, creating a trilateral trade bloc in North America. The agreement came into force on January 1, 1994. It superseded the Canada–United States Free Trade Agreement between the U.S. and Canada.
  • Dont ask, Dont tell!

    Dont ask, Dont tell!
    The official United States policy on military service by gays, bisexuals, and lesbians, instituted by the Clinton Administration. The policy prohibited military personnel from discriminating against or harassing closeted homosexual or bisexual service members or applicants, while barring openly gay, lesbian, or bisexual persons from military service.
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    Lewinsky Affair/ "I did not have sexual relations with that women"

    The Lewinsky scandal was an American political sex scandal that involved 49-year-old President Bill Clinton and a 22-year-old White House intern, Monica Lewinsky. The sexual relationship took place between 1995 and 1996 and came to light in 1998. Further investigation led to charges of perjury and led to the impeachment of Clinton in 1998 by the U.S. House of Representatives and his subsequent acquittal on all impeachment charges of perjury and obstruction of justice in a 21-day Senate trial.
  • Election Of 2000

    Election Of 2000
    The United States presidential election of 2000 was a contest between Republican candidate George W. Bush, then-governor of Texas and son of former president George H. W. Bush (1989–1993), and Democratic candidate Al Gore, then-Vice President.
    Bush narrowly won the November 7 election, with 271 electoral votes to Gore's 266 (with one elector abstaining in the official tally).
  • Bush V Gore Scotus Case

    Bush V Gore Scotus Case
    On December 9, the Court had preliminarily halted the Florida recount that was occurring. Eight days earlier, the Court unanimously decided the closely related case of Bush v. Palm Beach County Canvassing Board. The Electoral College was scheduled to meet on December 18, to decide the election. The Court ruled that there was an Equal Protection Clause violation in using different standards of counting in different counties and ruled that no alternative method could be established within the time
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    George W Bush Presidency

    George W. Bush was America’s 43rd president. A graduate of Yale University and Harvard Business School, Bush worked in the Texas oil industry before becoming governor. In 2000, he won the presidency after defeating Democratic challenger Al Gore. Bush’s time in office was shaped by the 9/11 terrorist attacks against America. In response to the attacks, he declared a global “war on terrorism,” established the Department of Homeland Security and authorized U.S.-led wars in Afghanistan and Iraq.
  • 9/11 Attacks ...Bush Did 9/11

    9/11 Attacks ...Bush Did 9/11
    On September 11, 19 militants associated with al-Qaeda hijacked 4 planes and carried out suicide attacks against places in the United States. Two of the planes were flown into the towers of the World Trade Center in New York, a third plane hit the Pentagon outside D.C., and the fourth plane crashed in a field in Pennsylvania. The attacks resulted in extensive death and destruction, triggering major U.S. initiatives to combat and defining the presidency of George W. Bush. 3,000 were killed.
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    2nd Iraq War

    Iraq War that consisted of two phases. The first of these was a brief, conventionally fought war, in which a force of troops from the United States invaded Iraq and rapidly defeated Iraqi military and paramilitary forces. It was followed by a longer second phase in which a U.S.-led occupation of Iraq was opposed by an insurgency. After violence began to decline in 2007, the United States gradually reduced its military presence in Iraq, formally completing its withdrawal in December 2011.
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    Hurricane Katrina

    Hurricane Katrina was the costliest natural disaster and one of the 5 deadliest hurricanes in the history of the United States. The storm is currently ranked as the 3rd most intense United States landfalling tropical cyclone, behind only the 1935 Labor Day hurricane and Hurricane Camille in 1969. At least 1,245 people died in the hurricane and floods, making it the deadliest United States hurricane since the 1928 Okeechobee hurricane.
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    The Great Recession

    The Great Recession was a period of general economic decline observed in world markets. In terms of overall impact, the International Monetary Fund concluded that it was the worst global recession since World War II.The Great Recession was related to the financial crisis of 2007–08 and U.S. subprime mortgage crisis of 2007–09. The Great Recession has resulted in the scarcity of valuable assets in the market economy and the collapse of the financial sector in the world economy
  • Election of 2008

    Election of 2008
    Democrat Barack Obama, then junior United States Senator from Illinois, defeated Republican John McCain. Nine states changed allegiance from the 2004 election. The selected electors from each of the 50 states and the District of Columbia voted for President and Vice President of the United States on December 15, 2008. Those votes were tallied before a joint session of Congress on January 8, 2009. Obama received 365 electoral votes, and McCain 173.
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    Obama Presidency

    Obama's first-term addressed the global financial crisis and included a major stimulus package, a partial extension of the Bush tax cuts, legislation to reform health care, a major financial regulation reform bill, and the end of a major US military presence in Iraq. In his second term, Obama attempted to combat climate change, signing a major international climate agreement and an executive order to limit carbon emissions. Obama also presided over the implementation of the Affordable Care Act.
  • American Recovery and Reinvestment Act

    American Recovery and Reinvestment Act
    The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, nicknamed the Recovery Act, was a stimulus package enacted by the 111th U.S. Congress and signed into law by President Barack Obama in February 2009. Developed in response to the Great Recession, the ARRA's primary objective was to save existing jobs and create new ones as soon as possible.(

    is a United States federal statute enacted by the 111th United States Congress and signed into law by President Barack Obama. Under the act, hospitals and primary physicians would transform their practices financially, technologically, and clinically to drive better health outcomes, lower costs, and improve their methods of distribution and accessibility.