Watergate Scandal

  • Nixon Won

    Nixon Won
    Richard Milhous Nixon, the 55-year-old former vice president who lost the presidency for the Republicans in 1960, reclaimed it by defeating Hubert Humphrey in one of the closest elections in U.S. history.
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    Watergate Scandal

  • Inaurgation

    Nixon is inaugurated as the 37th president of the United States.
  • Domestic Intelligence-Gathering

    Domestic Intelligence-Gathering
    Nixon approved a plan for greatly expanding domestic intelligence-gathering by the FBI, CIA and other agencies. He had second thoughts a few days later and rescinded his approval.
  • Pentagon Papers

    Pentagon Papers
    The New York Times began publishing the Pentagon Papers.The Washington Post began publishing the papers later that same week.
  • "White House Plumbers"

    "White House Plumbers"
    David Young and Egil Krogh write a memo suggesting the formation of what would later be called the "White House Plumbers" in response to the leak of the Pentagon Papers by Daniel Ellsberg.
  • Enemies List

    Enemies List
    Nixon's Enemies List is started by White House aides.
  • Burglary

    The White House "plumbers" unit -burglarized a psychiatrist's office to find files on Daniel Ellsberg, the former defense analyst who leaked the Pentagon Papers.
  • Edgar Hoover

    Edgar Hoover
    Edgar Hoover died. L. Patrick Gray was appointed as acting FBI director.
  • Watergate Burglary

    Watergate Burglary
    Five men, one of whom says he used to work for the CIA, are arrested at 2:30 a.m by an off-duty police officer. They were trying to bug the offices of the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate hotel and office complex.
  • GOP Security Aide

    GOP Security Aide
    A GOP security aide is among the Watergate burglars. Former attorney general John Mitchell, head of the Nixon reelection campaign, denied any link to the operation.
  • Address Book

    Address Book
    Reportedly based on a tip from Deep Throat. Bob Woodward reported in the Washington Post that one of the burglars had E. Howard Hunt in his address book and possessed checks signed by him, and that Hunt was connected to Charles Colson.
  • Earmarked Check

    Earmarked Check
    A $25,000 cashier's check, apparently earmarked for the Nixon campaign, wound up in the bank account of a Watergate burglar.
  • Indicted

    Hunt, Liddy and the Watergate burglars are indicted by a federal grand jury.
  • Secret Fund

    Secret Fund
    John Mitchell, while serving as attorney general, controlled a secret Republican fund used to finance widespread intelligence-gathering operations against the Democrats.
  • Reelection

    Nixon was reelected in one of the largest landslides in American political history, taking more than 60 percent of the vote and crushing the Democratic nominee, Sen. George McGovern of South Dakota.
  • Burglary Trials

    Burglary Trials
    Five defendants pleaded guilty as the burglary trial began. Liddy and McCord were convicted after the trial.
  • Confirmation Hearings

    Confirmation Hearings
    Confirmation hearings began for confirming L. Patrick Gray as permanent Director of the FBI. During these hearings, Gray revealled that he had complied with an order from John Dean to provide daily updates on the Watergate investigation, and also that Dean had "probably lied" to FBI investigators.
  • John Dean

    John Dean
    White House counsel John Dean began cooperating with federal Watergate prosecutors.
  • Replacement

    L. Patrick Gray resigned after it comes to light that he destroyed files from E. Howard Hunt's safe. William Ruckelshaus was appointed as his replacement.
  • Resignation

    Nixon's top White House staffers, H.R. Haldeman and John Ehrlichman, and Attorney General Richard Kleindienst resigned over the scandal. White House counsel John Dean was fired.
  • Nationalized Hearings

    Nationalized Hearings
    The Senate Watergate Committee began its nationally televised hearings. Attorney General-designate Elliot Richardson taped former solicitor general Archibald Cox as the Justice Department's special prosecutor for Watergate.
  • Watergate Cover-up

    Watergate Cover-up
    John Dean has told Watergate investigators that he had discussed the Watergate cover-up with President Nixon at least 35 times.
  • Plans

    Watergate prosecutors found a memo addressed to John Ehrlichman describing in detail the plans to burglarize the office of Pentagon Papers defendant Daniel Ellsberg's psychiatrist.
  • Disconnection

    Nixon orders White House taping systems to be disconnected.
  • Alexander Butterfield

    Alexander Butterfield
    Alexander Butterfield, former presidential appointments secretary, revealled in congressional testimony that since 1971 Nixon had recorded all conversations and telephone calls in his offices.
  • Refusal

    Nixon refused to turn over the presidential tape recordings to the Senate Watergate Committee or the special prosecutor
  • Agnew Resigns

    Agnew Resigns
    Spiro Agnew resigned as Vice President of the United States due to corruption while he was the governor of Maryland.
  • New Vice President

    New Vice President
    Gerald Ford was nominated as Vice President under the 25th Amendment.
  • Saturday Night Massacre

    Saturday Night Massacre
    Nixon fired Archibald Cox and abolished the office of the special prosecutor. Attorney General Richardson and Deputy Attorney General William D. Ruckelshaus resigned. Pressure for impeachment mounted in Congress.
  • New Special Prosecutor

    New Special Prosecutor
    Leon Jaworski was appointed the new special prosecutor.
  • Innocence

    Nixon declared, "I'm not a crook," maintaining his innocence in the Watergate case.
  • "Some sinister force"

    "Some sinister force"
    The White House can't explain an 18 ½-minute gap in one of the subpoenaed tapes. Chief of Staff Alexander Haig said one theory is that "some sinister force" erased the segment.
  • Porter Guilty

    Porter Guilty
    Nixon campaign aide Herbert Porter pleaded guilty to perjury.
  • Kalmbach Guilty

    Kalmbach Guilty
    Nixon personal counsel Herbert Kalmbach pleaded guilty to two charges of illegal campaign activities.
  • "Watergate Seven"

    "Watergate Seven"
    "Watergate Seven" indicted;John N. Mitchell,H. R. Haldeman,John Ehrlichman,Charles Colson,Gordon C. Strachan,Robert Mardian,Kenneth Parkinson.
  • Dwight Chapin

    Dwight Chapin
    Dwight Chapin convicted of lying to a grand jury
  • Ed Reinecke

    Ed Reinecke
    Ed Reinecke, Republican lieutenant governor of California, indicted on three charges of perjury before the Senate committee.
  • Transcripts

    The White House released more than 1,200 pages of edited transcripts of the Nixon tapes to the House Judiciary Committee, but the committee insisted that the tapes themselves must be turned over.
  • Executive Privilege

    Executive Privilege
    The Supreme Court ruled unanimously that Nixon must turn over the tape recordings of 64 White House conversations, and rejected the president's claims of executive privilege.
  • Impeachment

    House Judiciary Committee passed the first of three articles of impeachment, charging obstruction of justice.
  • Presidential Resignation

    Presidential Resignation
    Richard Nixon became the first U.S. president to resign. Vice President Gerald R. Ford assumed the country's highest office. He would later pardon Nixon of all charges related to the Watergate case.