Iran History

  • Period: to

    Iran History

  • Shah grants a limited constituiton

    This made the country a constituitional monarchy
  • Parliament convenes

    The first Majilis, aka parliament, was convened
  • Anglo-Russian Convention of 1907

    This divided Persia into different spheres of influence.
  • Discovery of oil

    The British discovered oil in Khuzestan, which renewed interest in Persia by the British Empire
  • British atempt to establish protectorate in Iran

    After the Russian Revolution and Iran's withdrawal, the British tried to establish protectorate in Iran, but was unsuccessful.
  • Reza Khan established as the dominant figure for the next 20 years

    A military coup establsihed Reza Khan, a Persian officer of the Persian Cossack Brigade, as the dominant figure.
  • Establishment of the Pahlavi Dynasty

    The Consitutionalist movement of Gilan and lack of a leader cause instablity within the Qajar government. This resulted to the rise to power of Reza Shah Pahlavi.
  • Reza Shah becomes king of Iran

    After being the prime minister for a few years, he was made king of Iran and established the Pahlavi dynasty.
  • Bazaaris and villagers rebel

    Bazaaris and villagers rise up in rebellion at the Imam Reza shrine in Mashhad.
  • Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi comes to power

    Reza Shah's son, Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, came to power during World War II after the British and Indian forces from Iraq and Soviet forces from the north occupied Iran.
  • Reza Shah is forced to abdicate

    Reza Shah was forced to abdicate, after 16 years, by the Anglo-Soviet Invasion of Iran.
  • Tehran Conference of 1943

    The Tehran Declaration was drawn up, guaranteeing post-war independence and boundaries of Iran.
  • Soviet troops withdrawed from Iran

    Soviet troops withdraw from Iran, after receiving a promise of oil concessions.
  • Abadan Crisis

    Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddeqm received the vote, requiring to nationalize the British oil-industry.
  • Mossadegh briefly removed from power

    Mossadegh was briefly removed from power.
  • Mossadegh is reappointed to power and exiles the Shah

    Mossadegh is reapponted to power, due to popular uprising in support of the premier, and he forced the Shah into exile after a failed military coup by Imperial Guard Colonel Nematollah Nassiri.
  • Successful coup headed by general Fazlollah Zahedi

    A successful coup was headed by retired army general Fazlollah Zahedi, organized by the American CIA with support of the British M16.
  • Martial law ended

    Martial law ended after 16 years and Iran became closer to the West, joining the Baghdad Pact and receiving military and economic aid from the U.S.
  • Shah's White Revolution

    Iran initiated a series of economic, social, agrarian and administrative reforms to modernize the country.
  • Several days of mass rioting

    Several days of mass rioting took place in support of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.
  • Iran abrogates the 1937 accord

    Iran abrogates the 1937 accord and demands a renegotiation.
  • Iran forces seized control three islands in Persian Gulf

    Iran forces seized control three islands in Persian Gulf:.
  • Shah returns oil industry to national control

    Shah returns oil industry to national control
  • Arab-Israeli War

    After the war, Iran did not join the Arab oil embargo against the west and Israel.
  • Algiers Accord

    A border dispute between Iran and Iraq was resolved with the signing of the Algiers Accord.
  • Iranian Revolution

    This is a revolution that changed Iran from an absolute monarchy under Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi to an Islamic Republic under Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.
  • Khomeini Supreme Leader

    Khomeini serves as Supreme Leader of Iran
  • Iran officially becomes an Islamic Republic

    Iran officially becomes an Islamic Republic.
  • Iranian students seize US embassy personnel

    The Iranian students seize the US embassy personnel and label it as "den of spies"
  • Iraq army invades Iran

    The Iraqi army invades Iran at Khuzestan
  • Iranian forces push back the Iraqi army to Iraq

    Iranian forces push back the Iraqi army to Iraq
  • Khomeini accepts a truce mediated by the UN

    Khomeini accepts a truce mediated by the UN
  • 1988 Iranian Massacre

    Government systematically kills thousands of political prisoners in Iran
  • Transition between Khomeini era to Khamenei

    Khamenei comes to power after Khomeini's death
  • Persian Gulf War

    Iran remains neutral through this war
  • Rising of Mohammad Khatami

    Rafsanjani is succeeded by Mohammad Khatami
  • Tehran street protests

    Massive anti-government protests had erupted onto the streets of Tehran
  • Khatami re-elected

    Khatami re-elected
  • Student protets in Tehran

    Anti-government protests by thousands of students takes place in Tehran
  • 2005 Iranian presidential election

    Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, mayor of Tehran, becomes the sixth president of Iran
  • Iran cites the Fatwa

    Iran cites the Fatwa an official statement at the meeting of the International Atomic Energy Agency in Vienna
  • Human Rights protests

    Human Rights protests break out
  • Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's is re-elected

    Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's is re-elected