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American Civil War

By Taisa5
  • Attack on Fort Sumter

    Attack on Fort Sumter
    The civil war began, 12th April 1861 with shots fired on the fort. When President Lincoln planned to send supplies to Fort Sumter, he alerted the state in advance, in an attempt to avoid hostilities. South Carolina, however, feared a trick. The commander of the fort, Robert Anderson, was asked to surrender immediately. Anderson offered to surrender, but only after he had exhausted his supplies.
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    American Civil War Timeline

  • Battle of Philippi

    Battle of Philippi
    Union victory: Union forces rout a small Confederate detachment in Western Virginia. It was the first organized land action in the war (the impromptu Battle of Fairfax Court House took place two days earlier), but is often treated dismissively as a skirmish rather than a significant battle.
  • Battle of Boonville

    Battle of Boonville
    The First Battle of Boonville was a minor skirmish of the American Civil War, occurring on June 17, 1861, near Boonville in Cooper County, Missouri. Although casualties were extremely light, the battle's strategic impact was far greater than one might assume from its limited nature. The Union victory established what would become an unbroken Federal control of the Missouri River, and helped to thwart efforts to bring Missouri into the Confederacy.
  • Battle of Rich Mountain

    Battle of Rich Mountain
    The Battle of Rich Mountain took place on July 11, 1861, in Randolph County, Virginia (now West Virginia) as part of the Operations in Western Virginia Campaign during the American Civil War.
  • First Battle of Bull Run

    First Battle of Bull Run
    First Battle of Bull Run, also known as First Manassas was fought on July 21, 1861, in Prince William County, Virginia, near the City of Manassas. It was the first major land battle of the American Civil War. Just months after the start of the war at Fort Sumter, the Northern public clamored for a march against the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia, which could bring an early end to the war.
  • The Battle of Shiloh

    The Battle of Shiloh
    Confederate forces attacked Union forces under General Ulysses S. Grant at Shiloh, Tennessee. By the end of the day, the federal troops were almost defeated. Yet, during the night, reinforcements arrived, and by the next morning the Union commanded the field. When Confederate forces retreated, the exhausted federal forces did not follow. Casualties were heavy 13,000 out of 63,000 Union soldiers died, and 11,000 of 40,000 Confederate troops were killed.
  • Battle of Seven Pines

    Battle of Seven Pines
    The Battle of Seven Pines as Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's Army attacks McClellan's troops in front of Richmond and nearly defeats them. But Johnston is badly wounded.
  • Second Battle of Bull Run

    Second Battle of Bull Run
    The Second Battle of Bull Run was fought as part of the American Civil War. It was the culmination of an offensive campaign waged by Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia against Union Maj. Gen. John Pope's Army of Virginia, and a battle of much larger scale and numbers than the First Battle of Bull Run (First Manassas) fought in 1861 on the same ground.
  • Antietam

    The bloodiest day in U.S. military history as Gen. Robert E. Lee and the Confederate Armies are stopped at Antietam in Maryland by McClellan and numerically superior Union forces. By nightfall 26,000 men are dead, wounded, or missing. Lee then withdraws to Virginia.
  • Battle of Chancellorsville

    Battle of Chancellorsville
    The Chancellorsville Campaign began with the crossing of the Rappahannock River by the Union army on the morning of April 27, 1863. Union cavalry under Maj. Gen. George Stoneman began a long distance raid against Lee's supply lines at about the same time. This operation was completely ineffectual.
  • Siege of Vicksburg

    Siege of Vicksburg
    Was the final major military action in the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War. When two major assaults against the Confederate fortifications were repulsed with heavy casualties, Grant decided to besiege the city beginning on May 25. With no reinforcement, supplies nearly gone, and after holding out for more than forty days, the garrison finally surrendered on July 4.
  • West Virginia is Born

    West Virginia is Born
    Residents of the western counties of Virginia did not wish to secede along with the rest of the state. This section of Virginia was admitted into the Union as the state of West Virginia.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    Elements of the two armies initially collided at Gettysburg on July 1, 1863, as Lee urgently concentrated his forces there, his objective being to engage the Union army and destroy it.
  • Battle of Chickamauga

    Battle of Chickamauga
    Marked the end of a Union offensive in southeastern Tennessee and northwestern Georgia called the Chickamauga Campaign.
  • Battle of the Wilderness

    Battle of the Wilderness
    The Battle of the Wilderness, fought May 5–7, 1864, was the first battle of Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's 1864 Virginia Overland Campaign against Gen. Robert E. Lee and the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia. Both armies suffered heavy casualties, a harbinger of a bloody war of attrition by Grant against Lee's army and, eventually, the Confederate capital, Richmond, Virginia. The battle was tactically inconclusive, as Grant disengaged and continued his offensive.
  • Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

    Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
    Fighting occurred on and off from May 8 through May 21, 1864, as Grant tried various schemes to break the Confederate line. In the end, the battle was tactically inconclusive, but with almost 32,000 casualties on both sides, it was the costliest battle of the campaign.
  • Battle of Atlanta

    Battle of Atlanta
    Fought in the American Civil war, continuing their summer campaign to seize the important rail and supply center of Atlanta.
  • Sherman's March to The Sea

    Sherman's March to The Sea
    Sherman's March to the Sea is the name commonly given to the Savannah Campaign. The campaign began with Sherman's troops leaving the captured city of Atlanta, Georgia and ended with the capture of the port of Savannah on December 21. It inflicted significant damage, particularly to industry and infrastructure, and also to civilian property.
  • Battle of Nashville

    Battle of Nashville
    The Battle of Nashville was a battle in the Franklin-Nashville Campaign that represented the end of large-scale fighting in the Western Theater of the American Civil War. It was fought between the Confederate Army of Tennessee under Lt. Gen. John Bell Hood and Federal forces under Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas. In one of the largest victories achieved by the Union Army during the war, Thomas attacked and routed Hood's army, largely destroying it as an effective fighting force.
  • The Civil War Ended

    The Civil War Ended
    On April, 9, 1865, the Civil War effectively ended at Appomattox Court House, Virginia, when Generals Robert E. Lee and Ulysses S. Grant signed the surrender terms. That morning, Lee concluded that victory was impossible and remarked, "there is nothing for me left to do but to go and see General Grant, and I would rather die a thousand deaths.