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amalia zigarelli civil war timeline

  • Period: to

    civil war

    civil war
  • Pemberton Mill

    Pemberton Mill
    The Pemberton Mill collapses in Lawrence, Massachusetts, killing 145 workers.
  • Shoemakers Strike

    Shoemakers Strike
    The New England Shoemakers Strike of 1860 begins in Lynn, Massachusetts
  • Wiyot massacre

    Wiyot massacre
    Wiyot Massacre, 80 to 250 Wiyot people were killed on Indian Island, near Eureka, California.
  • Abraham Lincoln speech

    Abraham Lincoln speech
    Abraham Lincoln gives his Cooper Union speech.
  • pony express

    pony express
    The pony express begins its first run from Saint Joseph, Missouri to Sacramento, California.
  • Paiute War

    Paiute War
    The Paiute War begins as Northern Paiutes raided Williams Station in Utah Territory.
  • John Bell

    John Bell
    The U.S. Constitutional Union Party holds its convention and nominates John Bell for President of the United States.
  • Free land in west

    Free land in west
    Congress accepts Pre-emption Bill: free land in West for colonists
  • Crittenden Compromise

    Crittenden Compromise
    An unsuccessful proposal introduced by United States senator John J. Crittenden.
  • South Carolina

    South Carolina
    South Carolina secedes from the union.
  • Abraham Lincoln becomes president

    Abraham Lincoln becomes president
    Abraham Lincoln officially becomes the 16th president of the united states.
  • Battle of Big Bethal, Virginia

    Battle of Big Bethal, Virginia
    Defeat of a Federal attack on the fort at Big Bethal in Virginia.
  • Battle of Rich Mountain, Virginia

    Battle of Rich Mountain, Virginia
    Federal victory in West Virginia.
  • Skirmish at Corrick's Ford:

    Skirmish at Corrick's Ford:
    Action during the pursuit of the army defeated at Rich Mountain, in which the Confederate commander General Garnett becomes the first civil war general to be killed in action
  • General McClellan

    General McClellan
    General McClellan appointed to command the army of the Potomac.
  • Battle of Wilson’s Creek, Missouri

    Battle of Wilson’s Creek, Missouri
    Battle in Missouri that saw the death of the key Federal commander in the area
  • Battle of Cheat Mountain, Virginia

     Battle of Cheat Mountain, Virginia
    A Confederate defeat in West Virginia, notable as the first battle commanded by General Lee.
  • Battle of Carnifex Ferry, West Virginia

    Battle of Carnifex Ferry, West Virginia
    Confederate forces in the south of West Virginia defeated by General Rosecrans.
  • Battle of Ball’s Bluff, Virginia

    Battle of Ball’s Bluff, Virginia
    Defeat of a Union attempt to capture Leesbury (Virginia), forty miles up-river from Washington.
  • Battle of Belmont, Missouri

    Battle of Belmont, Missouri
    An early battle in the career of U.S. Grant. An attempt to create a diversion in the Mississippi campaign, most significant for the battlefield experience it gave Grant.
  • Hartley Colliery disaster

    Hartley Colliery disaster
    204 men are trapped and die underground, when the only shaft becomes blocked.
  • Battle of Fort Donelson

    Battle of Fort Donelson
    Confederate forces defeat Union troops near Fort Craig, in New Mexico Territory
  • Jefferson Davis

    Jefferson Davis
    Jefferson Davis is officially inaugurated in Richmond, Virginia, to a 6-year term as president of the Confederate States of America.
  • Battle of Pea Ridge

    Battle of Pea Ridge
    The Confederates are shut out of Missouri.
  • Battle of Glorieta Pass

     Battle of Glorieta Pass
    In New Mexico, Union forces succeed in stopping the Confederate invasion of New Mexico Territory.
  • French intervention in Mexico

     French intervention in Mexico
    The Spanish and the British end their alliance with France.
  • Battle Of Yorktown

    Battle Of Yorktown
    The battle begins when Union forces under General George B. McClellan close in on the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia.
  • Battle Of Shiloh

    Battle Of Shiloh
    The Union Army, under General Ulysses S. Grant, defeats the Confederates near Shiloh, Tennessee.
  • Andrews Raid

    Andrews Raid
    Union volunteers steal a Confederate locomotive, setting off the Great Locomotive Chase, famously involving the use of The General steam locomotive, which still exists in the 21st century.
  • Capture of New Orleans

    Capture of New Orleans
    Forces under Union Admiral David Farragut occupy the Confederate city of New Orleans, securing access to the Mississippi River.
  • The Emancipation Proclamation

    The Emancipation Proclamation
    The Emancipation Proclamation was made by Abraham Lincoln on January 1st. It freed all Confederate slave.
  • Underground Railroad

    Underground Railroad
    1st underground railway opens in London
  • President Davis

    President Davis
    President Davis delivers his "State of Confederacy" address
  • Gun Boats

    Gun Boats
    Battle between gunboats at Bayou Teche, Louisiana
  • Boston Morning Journal

    Boston Morning Journal
    1st US newspaper printed on wood-pulp paper, Boston Morning Journal.
  • Newtown, Virginia

    Newtown, Virginia
    Civil War skirmish near Newtown,Virginia.
  • Bear River Massacre

    Bear River Massacre
    American soldiers slaughter hundreds of Native Americans at the confluence of the Bear River and Beaver Creek in present day Idaho.
  • The Union Uses African-American Troops

     The Union Uses African-American Troops
    The United States War Department issued General Order Number 143. Establishing a "Bureau of Colored Troops" to facilitate the recruitment of African-American soldiers to fight for the Union Army.
  • Gettysburg address

    Gettysburg address
    a speech by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln, and one of the best-known speeches in American history.
  • The Battle Of Gettysburg

    The Battle Of Gettysburg
    The Battle of Gettysburg was an important battle in the war, with Lee's invasion of a northern state (from Maryland to Pennsylvania).
  • Battle Of Cosby Creek

    Battle Of Cosby Creek
    Battle of Cosby Creek, Tennessee
  • Battle Of Yazoo River

    Battle Of Yazoo River
    Battle of Yazoo River, MS
  • Rebecca Lee

    Rebecca Lee
    Rebecca Lee in the US becomes 1st African American woman to receive a medical degree
  • Battle Of Pleasant Hill

    Battle Of Pleasant Hill
    Battle of Pleasant Hill LA, 2870 casualities
  • Battle of Gate Pa (Pukehinahina)

    Battle of Gate Pa (Pukehinahina)
    1,700 British troops suffer their worst defeat of the New Zealand Wars at the hands of 230 entrenched Maori warriors in Tauranga.
  • spotsylvania campaign

    spotsylvania campaign
    US Civil War ends after 10,920 killed or injured
  • Battle Of Cold Harbor

    Battle Of Cold Harbor
    Battle of Cold Harbor, Virginia (Gaines' Mill, Gaines' Farm)
  • Battle of Mobile Bay

    Battle of Mobile Bay
    won by the Union Army led by Rear Admiral Farragut with the cry "Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead!" (US Civil War)
  • Savannah Campaign

    Savannah Campaign
    Union General William T Sherman captures and burns Atlanta during Savannah Campaign (US Civil War)
  • Thanksgiving

    US President Abraham Lincoln formally establishes Thanksgiving as a national holiday
  • Battle Of Ft Moultrie

    Battle Of Ft Moultrie
    Battle of Ft Moultrie, South Carolina
  • 13th amendment

    13th amendment
    13th amendment approved (National Freedom Day)
  • Defeat Of Waynesbro, Virginia

    Defeat Of Waynesbro, Virginia
    Conferate General Early's army is defeated at the battle of Waynesboro, Virginia, during American Civil War
  • Blakely Alabama

    Blakely Alabama
    Battle at Blakely Alabama
  • Capure Of Jefferson Davis

    Capure Of Jefferson Davis
    US President Andrew Johnson offers $100,000 reward for capture of Jefferson Davis
  • Battle of Grand Gulf

    Battle of Grand Gulf
    Battle of Grand Gulf, Mississippi
  • Salvation Army

    Salvation Army
    One-time Methodist Reform Church minister William Booth and his wife Catherine found the Salvation Army (Army of the Salvation) as the East London Christian Mission
  • Freedmans Bureau

    Freedmans Bureau
    Army commander in SC orders Freedmen's Bureau to stop seizing land
  • american civil war

    american civil war
    American Civil War: CSS Shenandoah is the last Confederate combat unit to surrender after circumnavigating the globe on its cruise that sank or captured 37 vessels.
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    13th Amendment of the United States Constitution is ratified, abolishing slavery
  • Steamship sinks

    Steamship sinks
    Steamship London sinks in storm off Land's End, England and kills 220
  • Mary Baker Eddy

    Mary Baker Eddy
    cures her injuries by opening a bible
  • Us congress

    Us congress
    US Congress authorizes national soldiers' homes
  • Equal Rights

    Equal Rights
    US Congress rejects presidential veto giving all equal rights in US
  • Battle of Callao

    Battle of Callao
    Peruvian defenders fight off Spanish fleet at the Battle of Callao
  • Italy declares war

    Italy declares war
    Italy declares war on Austria beginning the Third Italian War of Independence
  • Civil Rights

    Civil Rights
    Tennessee is 1st to ratify 14th Amendment to the US constitution, guaranteeing civil rights
  • Quebec

    Great fire in Quebec destroys 2,500 houses
  • Chicago

    Work begins on 1st US underwater highway tunnel in Chicago
  • Great Plains

    Great Plains
    Fetterman Massacre: Lakota, Cheyenne, and Arapaho Indians kill all 81 US Army soldiers in the worst military disaster ever suffered by the U.S. Army on the Great Plains
  • Right to vote

    Right to vote
    African American men granted the right to vote in Washington, D.C. despite President Andrew Johnson's veto
  • Bricklayers

    Bricklayers start working 8-hour days
  • Department of Education

    Department of Education
    US Congress creates the Department of Education
  • reconstruction of south

    reconstruction of south
    Reconstruction of South begins, black voter registration
  • dominion of canada

    dominion of canada
    The Dominion of Canada is formed, comprising the provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario & Quebec, with John A. Macdonald serving as the first Prime Minister
  • 1st time blacks vote

    1st time blacks vote
    Blacks vote for 1st time in a US state election in the South (Tennessee)
  • Midway Island

    Midway Island
    The United States takes control of Midway Island.
  • Royal Proclamation

    Royal Proclamation
    72 Senators are summoned by Royal Proclamation to serve as the first members of the Canadian Senate.
  • Impeachment

    US Congress commission looks into "impeachment" of President Andrew Johnson
  • Angola Horror

    Angola Horror
    Around 49 victims of "Angola Horror" train wreck burn to death in Angola, New York