A House Divided

Timeline created by corteang
In History
  • Mexican American War

    Mexican American War
    Cause: Mexico was furious with the United States for the annexation of Texas in 1845 and whether it belonged to Mexico or America Effect: United States won and gained over 500,000 square miles of Mexican territory Civil War Influence: - Encouraged movement west (Manifest Destiny)
    - Created debate over how new states that entered the
    nation would be categorized in terms of slavery (free or
    slave state) Ended February 1848
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    Cause: Debate over what to do with the land gained from the Mexican American War Effect: The land was divided in half
    - everything north of 36°30´ latitude line = free states
    - everything south of 36°30´ latitude line = slave sates
    Band Slave Trade
    Enforced Fugitive Slave Act
    Civil War Influence: led to the breakup of the Union
  • Underground Railroad

    Underground Railroad
    Civil War Influence:
    - helped thousands of slaves reach freedom
    - helped undermine the institution of slavery
  • Fugitive Slave Law

    Fugitive Slave Law
  • Pro & Con Literature

    Pro & Con Literature
    Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852): book written by Harriet Beecher Stowe about a slave named Tom and the conflict he has with his violent owner,Simon Legree
    - influenced the way Northerners viewed slave owners (saw them all as brutal people)
    - Southerners saw the book as fake and inaccurate Impending Crisis of the South (1857): Hinter R. Helper's book used statistic to show that slavery actually weakened the South's economy Civil War Influence: spread awareness of the effects of slavery
  • Bleeding Kansas

    Bleeding Kansas
    Civil War Influence: led to the formation of the Republican Party
  • Republican Party est.

    Goal: to prevent slavery's westward expansion, not to abolish it
    - felt abolition would increase tension between the north and the south
    1860: Republican candidate Abraham Lincoln wins presidential election
    - first platform of 1854 called for the repeal of both
    the Kansas-Nebraska Act and the Fugitive Slave Law Civil War Influence: drove states to secede from the Union
  • KS-NE Act

    Civil War Influence: allowed each state to decided on the issue for themselves (idea of popular sovereignty), which created more conflict and intensified the opinions of both slave supporters and abolitionists (stronger hatred toward the other side)
  • Sumner-Brooks Incident

    Sumner-Brooks Incident
    Civil War Influence: the violence and strong opinions of slavery v antislavery were seeping into other states
  • Panic of 1857

    Panic of 1857
    Civil War Influence: created tension between the Whig party and the north
  • Lecompton Constitution

    Document that permitted slavery
    - excluded black slaves from living in Kansas
    - allowed only male citizens of US to vote
    - rejected by Kansas voters Civil War Influence: divided the House
  • Dred Scott v Sandford

    Dred Scott v Sandford
    Dred Scott
    -sued master's widow for his freedom
    -argued his master John Emerson escorted him onto free soil in Illinois and the Wisconsin Territory, so he'd legally granted him freedom.
    -1857, case reached the United States Supreme Court.
    justices ruled against Scott.
    -court viewed slaves as property, said Fifth Amendment forbid congress from taking land from individuals without compensation Civil War Influence: North realized they needed to stop slavery now/ grew fear of the North
  • Lincoln-Douglas Debates

    Lincoln-Douglas Debates
    7 campaign debates between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas
    - Both campaigning for the Senate
    - Lincoln attacked Douglas saying slavery was a moral issue
    -Lincoln was concerned that if the US did not come to a common understanding on slavery, the nation would fall apart Douglas ended up winning the election
    -the "Champion of Popular Sovereignty" Civil War Influence: Lincoln made so many speeches about slavery that he became very well known
  • John Brown’s Raid

    John Brown’s Raid
    Civil War Influence:
    - Some people in the north viewed John Brown as a hero and they became inspired fight even harder against slavery
    - increased tension between the north and the south
  • Election of 1860

    Election of 1860
    Candidates
    - Stephan Douglas: Northern dems.
    - Abraham Lincoln: Republican party
    - John C Breckenridge: Southern dems.
    - John Bell: Constitutional party
    Lincoln own the election by many votes Civil War Influence: gave the Republicans an advantage of power (which helped them enforce their beliefs on slavery)
  • Period: to

    The Road to Civil War