A Brief History of Electronic Music By tanzarion Jan 1, 1877 Thomas Edison invents the phonograph A device used for the recording and reproduction of sound. Period: Jan 1, 1877 to Jan 1, 2005 Time frame of Electronic Music Jan 1, 1897 Thadeus Cahill develops the Telharmonium An early electronic instrument. Used tonewheels to create sounds as electrical signals by means of additive synthesis Jan 1, 1913 Luigi Russolo writes The Art of Noises A futurist manifesto that detailed how electronics and technology will benefit composers. Jan 1, 1919 Leon Theremin invents the Theremin Electronic instrument with oscillators for frequency and amplitude controlled by the movement of the hands. Jan 1, 1928 Maurice Martenot invents the Ondes Martenot Electronic instrument with wavering notes produced in vacuum tubes. Jan 1, 1934 Hammond organ created by Laurens Hammond An instrument that emulates a pipe organ by its use of additive synthesis in generating sounds. Jan 1, 1948 Pierre Schaeffer pioneers the genre of Musique Concrete Genre of electroacoustic music that utilized acousmatics, traditional instruments, vocals, and electronic instruments. Dec 14, 1950 Graphic Notation introduced Representation of music using symbols that wasn't possible with Western Notation. Jan 1, 1951 Computer Music Center founded at Columbia University The oldest center for electronic and computer music research in the United States. Jan 1, 1951 Composer John Cage writes music featuring the first use of Chance Music Genre in which some if not all of the realization of the composition is left up to the performer. Jan 1, 1952 Gibson Les Paul electric guitar made available for sale One of the most well-known electric instruments in the world. Jan 1, 1970 Minimoog released for sale It was among the first widely available, portable, and affordable synthesizers. Jan 1, 1983 Standard of MIDI agreed upon Specification that allows a vast array of electronic instruments to communicate with each other. Jan 1, 1995 The term "Turntablist" is coined by DJ Babu A genre of music that focuses on the use of the turntable as a priamry instrument. Jan 1, 2005 First Laptop Orchestra founded Orchestra that uses sounds produced by laptops instead of traditional musical instruments.