Civil War

  • Samuel F.B morse invents the telegraph

    Samuel F.B morse invents the telegraph
    Telegraphy is the long-distance transmission of written messages without physical transport of letters.
  • Zachery taylor elected as president.

    Zachery taylor elected as president.
    Elected on the ticket of the Whig Party as a hero of the Mexican-American War (1846–48), he died only 16 months after taking office.
  • compromise of 1850

    The Compromise of 1850 was an intricate package of five bills, passed in September 1850, defusing a four-year confrontation between the slave states of the South and the free states of the North that arose following the Mexican-American War (1846–1848). The compromise, drafted by Whig Henry Clay and brokered by Democrat Stephen Douglas avoided secession or civil war at the time and quieted sectional conflict for four years
  • frankling pierce elected as president

    Franklin Pierce (November 23, 1804 – October 8, 1869), an American politician and lawyer, was the 14th President of the United States, serving from 1853 to 1857. To date, he is the only President from New Hampshire.
  • uncle toms cabin published

    Uncle Tom's Cabin; or, Life Among the Lowly is an anti-slavery novel by American author Harriet Beecher Stowe. Published in 1852, the novel "helped lay the groundwork for the Civil War", according to Will Kaufman.
  • republican party-funded

    In Ripon, Wisconsin, former members of the Whig Party meet to establish a new party to oppose the spread of slavery into the western territories. The Whig Party, which was formed in 1834 to oppose the "tyranny" of President Andrew Jackson, had shown itself incapable of coping with the national crisis over slavery.
  • kansas-nebraska act

    Kansas Nebraska Act which eventually became law on May 30, 1854, establishing the territories of Kansas and Nebraska.
  • buchanan elected as president

    The 15th President of the United States was James Buchanan from March 4, 1857 to March 4, 1861
  • violence erupts in kansas

    The Kansas territory was a potential area for the expansion of slavery. The people who profited from slavery saw this as a huge opportunity. Most of the pioneers moving into Kansas were anti-slavery. Several pro-slavery Missouri gangs, popularly called Bushwhackers, organized raids into Kansas. They disrupted elections, robbed stores and in some cases shot or hanged anti-slavery leaders. The Kansas people organized their own border gangs called Jayhawkers, who raided small towns in Missouri in r
  • canabels all!published

  • scott vs sandford

    In its 1857 decision that stunned the nation, the United States Supreme Court upheld slavery in United States territories, denied the legality of black citizenship in America, and declared the Missouri Compromise to be unconstitutional. All of this was the result of an April 1846 action when Dred Scott innocently made his mark with an "X," signing his petition in a pro forma freedom suit, initiated under Missouri law, to sue for freedom in the St. Louis Circuit Court. Desiring freedom, his case
  • lincoin douglas debate

    The debates were held in seven towns in the state of Illinois: Ottawa on August 21, Freeport on August 27, Jonesboro on September 15, Charleston on September 18, Galesburg on October 7, Quincy on October 13, and Alton on October 15
  • john browns raid on harpers ferry.

    By 1859, Harpers Ferry and its gun factories had produced 600,000 muskets. It was one of the two main arsenals in the United States producing the Harpers Ferry rifle with its innovative interchangeable parts. The other arsenal was at Springfield, Massachusetts where they made the Springfield rifle. The arsenal at Harpers Ferry was placed there upon the suggestion of George Washington because of the water power available from the confluence of the Potomac River and the Shenandoah River.
  • lincoin elected as president

    Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) served as the 16th President of the United States from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865. He successfully led the country through its greatest internal crisis, the American Civil War, preserved the Union, and ended slavery
  • 110,000 factories in the north 20,000 in the south

    the north and south both differed in how they lived. The North was popular for technology, such as New York, the telegraph and the railroads for transportation and goods. The south was more homey and wanted things done in a more natural way you could say. They preferred their goods to be shipped via water tranportation.
  • south carolina becomes the first state to secede

    On December 20, 1860, the state of South Carolina voted to remove itself from the United States of America. Within a matter of weeks, the other states of the Deep South had followed suit.
    The Upper South remained on the fence, until after Fort Sumter. At which point, most of them, including Virginia and Tennessee, joined the fray.
  • confedercy created

    We, the people of the Confederate States, each State acting in its sovereign and independent character, in order to form a permanent federal government, establish justice, insure domestic tranquillity, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity--invoking the favor and guidance of Almighty God--do ordain and establish this Constitution for the Confederate States of America.
    Section I.
  • civil war begins.

    The American Civil War (1861–1865), also known as the War Between the States (among other names), was a civil war in the United States of America. Eleven Southern slave states declared their secession from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America, also known as "the Confederacy."
  • confederate forces bombard fort sumter

  • first battle of bull run

    first battle of bull run
    Manassas, Virginia. The Battle was called the First Battle of Bull Run by the north because of a stream where it was fought. However, the south called the battle First Manassas.key individuals from the Union: Brigadier General Irvin McDowell and from the Confederate: Brigadier General Joseph E. Johnston and General P.G.T. Beauregard.
  • battle between merrimack and the monitor

    battle between merrimack and the monitor
    also known as The Battle of Hampton Roads,was the most noted and arguably most important naval battle of the American Civil War from the standpoint of the development of navies. It was fought over two days, March 8–9, 1862, in Hampton Roads, a roadstead in Virginia where the Elizabeth and Nansemond Rivers meet the James River just before it enters Chesapeake Bay. The battle was a part of the effort of the Confederacy to break the Union blockade, which had cut off Virginia's largest cities.
  • confederate draft law passed

    confederate draft law passed
    Every man between 18 and 35 to be available for service - not counting slaves, of course.
  • battle of shiloh

    battle of shiloh
    The Union won this battle. Confederate leader Johnston died after being shot in the back of the knee hitting a large artery. Confederate troops took over union camps at one point. Confederates used obsolete weaponry such as flintlock and hunting rifles.
  • pacific railroad act

    pacific railroad act
    exact date not known
    The Pacific Railroad Act, passed by Congress in 1862 authorized the construction of the first transcontinental railway line connecting the east and west coasts.
  • internal railroad act

    internal railroad act
  • battle of antietam

    battle of antietam
    Antietam was the bloodiest single-day battle in American history, with about 23,000 casualties.
    This was a two to one battle with Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia having approximately 45,00 troops to Union Army Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan’s 90,000 troops.
  • battle of fredericksburg

    battle of fredericksburg
    was one of the most one-sided battles of the American Civil War. The Confederate forces under Robert E. Lee successfully stopped the advance of Ambrose Burnside's "Army of the Potomac", which planned to capture the Confederate capital at Richmond. Due to various strategic errors by the Union, Lee's entrenched forces prevailed. Union casualties were more than twice those of the South, at nearly 1300 killed and 9600 wounded.
  • battle of gettysburg

    battle of gettysburg
    It began on July 1, 1863 and ended July 3, 1863, near Gettysburg, PA.
    The battle resulted in up to 51,000 casualties, including 7,863 killed, and more than 5,000 missing or captured on each side.
    The opposing generals were Major General George Meade and Confederate general Robert E. Lee.
    The battle is considered a turning point of the US Civil War because it was the last major attempt by Confederate forces to invade the North.