Civil war soldiers

Events During the Civil War

By bdoc
  • First Battle of Bull Run

    Location: Manassas Junction (Just outside Washington D.C.)
    People: Stonewall Jackson (Confederacy); spectators
    Sig: Southern victory defeated the Union's chance at taking Richmond, VA and ending the war quickly. The Confederate victory made the south even more overconfident and many confederate troops disserted thining he war would be over shortly. The North, on the other hand, began to make greater preparations for war.
  • Fort Henry and Fort Donelson

    Location: Northern Tennessee
    People: Grant
    Sig: It tied Kentucky closer to the Union and created a gateway to Tennessee, Georgia, and "the heart of Dixi".
  • Merrimack vs. Monitor

    Location: The Chesapeake Bay
    People: Merrimac (Conf. Ship); Monitor (U.S. Ship)
    Sig: It was the first battle-testing of these now iron ships against wooden ones.
  • Peninsula Campaign

    Location: Near Washington to Richmond
    People: General George B. McClellan; army of the patomac; Lee
    Sig: If McClellan had succedded in taking Richmond and ending the war, the Union would be restored and slavery would not have been a factor. From this, Lincoln began to draft the Emancipation Proclamation. The Union strategy also turned to total war.
  • Battle of Shiloh

    Location: Just ofer the Tennessee border
    People: Grant; Confederate forces
    Sig: Confirmed that there would be no quick end to the war.
  • Second Battle of Bull Run

    Location: Manassas
    People: Robert E. Lee; General John Pope
    Sig: Lee grew bolder after he won this battle and continued into Maryland.
  • Antietam

    Location: Antietam Creek, Maryland
    People: Lee; McClellan
    Sig: Britain and France were going to enter an agreement that would favor the South but after seeing the North's display of power, cooled off. It also provided Lincoln a chance to launch his Emancipation Proclamation.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Location: Made in Washington--geared towards Southern Slave owners
    People: Lincoln
    Sig: It strengthened the moral cause of the Union and foreshadowed the end of slavery, however, it did not free slaves immediately. It also removed any chance of negotiation between the North and the South because it changed the nature of the war. It gave Af. Am.s hope for equal treatment, but also caused riots.
  • Chancellorsville

    Location: Chancellorsville, Virginia
    People: "Stonewall" Jackson; Joe Hooker
    Sig: Jackson was killed.
  • Gettysburg

    Location: Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
    People: Pickett; George G. Meade (Union)
    Sig: This was the last and final chance for the Confederate to have any hope of winning the war. After this battle is lost (confederate) there is no hope of the winning.
  • Vicksburg

    Location: Vicksburg, Mississippi
    People: David G. Farragut (Union); Grant (Union)
    Sig: This cut the supplies to the western part of the Confederacy off. This was pretty much their lifeline. This also helped soothe the agitation in the Ohio River Valley and tipped the diplomatic scales towards the North.
  • Chickamauga/Chattanooga

    Location: Chattanooga, Tennessee
    People: General Grant
    Sig: Provided a way to get into Georgia to begin the campaign there.
  • Cold Harbor

    Location: Cold Harbor, Virginia
    People: Grant
    Sig: This was necessary although ruthless. The South wanted to find peace but unless there was emancipation, there would be no peace. This made the war drag on and the southern armies smaller and more desperate.
  • Sherman's March

    Location: Georgia, South Carolina
    People: General William Tecumseh Sherman
    Sig: Destroyed supplies for Confederate army and weakened the morale of the men. This caused many more desertions and shortened the war, saving lives.
  • Appomattox Courthouse

    Location: Richmond, Virginia
    People: Lee; Grant
    Sig: Lee surrendered. The Union wins the war.
  • Lincoln's Assassination

    Location: Ford's Theater in Washington
    People: Lincoln; John Wilkes Booth
    Sig: He died at the very hight of his career which helped erase all memories of shortcommings and made him nationally known. It also increased bitterness in the North against the South.