Early Industridiztion :Early Innovators and Inventions

  • Steam Engine / Thomas Newcomen

    Steam Engine / Thomas Newcomen
    In 1712, Thomas Newcomen together with John Calley built their first steam engine on top of a water filled mine shaft and used it to pump water out of the mine. The Newcomen steam engine was the predecessor to the Watt steam engine and it was one of the most interesting pieces of technology developed during the 1700's. The invention of engines, the first being steam engines, was very important to the industrial revolution.
  • The Flying Shuttle /John Kay

    The Flying Shuttle /John Kay
    In 1733, John Kay invented the flying shuttle, an improvement to looms that enabled weavers to weave faster.
    By using a flying shuttle, a single weaver could produce a wide piece of cloth. The original shuttle contained a bobbin on to which the weft (weaving term for the crossways yarn) yarn was wound. It was normally pushed from one side of the warp (weaving term for the the series of yarns that extended lengthways in a loom) to the other side by hand. Before the flying shuttle wide looms neede
  • Spinning Jenny / Spinning Wheel /James Hargreaves

    Spinning Jenny / Spinning Wheel /James Hargreaves
    In 1764, a British carpenter and weaver named James Hargreaves invented an improved spinning jenny, a hand-powered multiple spinning machine that was the first machine to improve upon the spinning wheel by making it possible to spin more than one ball of yarn or thread.{p] Spinner machines like the spinning wheel and the spinning jenny made the threads and yarns used by weavers in their looms. As weaving looms became faster, inventors had to find ways for spinners to keep up.
  • Efficient Steam Engine

    Efficient Steam Engine
    James Watt was sent a Newcomen steam engine to repair that led him to invented improvements for steam engines.
    Steam engines were now true reciprocating engine and not atmospheric engines. Watt added a crank and flywheel to his engine so that it could provide rotary motion. Watt's steam engine machine was four times more powerful than those engines based on Thomas Newcomen's steam engine design
  • Spinning Frame or Water Frame/Richard Arkwright

    Spinning Frame or Water Frame/Richard Arkwright
    .Richard Arkwright patented the spinning frame or water frame that could produce stronger threads for yarns. The first models were powered by waterwheels so the device came to be first known as the water frame.
    It was the first powered, automatic, and continuous textile machine and enabled the move away from small home manufacturing towards factory production of textiles. The water frame was also the first machine that could spin cotton threads.
  • Spinning Mule / Samuel Crompton

    Spinning Mule / Samuel Crompton
    In 1779, Samuel Crompton invented the spinning mule that combined the moving carriage of the spinning jenny with the rollers of the water frame.
    The spinning mule gave the spinner great control over the weaving process. Spinners could now make many different types of yarn. Finer cloths could now be made.
  • Power Loom

    Power  Loom
    The power loom was a steam-powered, mechanically-operated version of a regular loom. A loom is a device that combined threads to make cloth.
    When the power loom became efficient, women replaced most men as weavers in the textile factories.