Civil war soldiers

Civil War Significant Figures and Battles Timeline

  • Eli Whitney creates cotton gin

    Eli Whitney creates cotton gin
    Eli Whitney's cotton gin set the stage for the civil war since it divided up the economy of the North and South.
  • John C. Calhoun Becomes Vice President

    John C. Calhoun Becomes Vice President
    Orignially, John C. Calhoun wanted to become president. But, he decided to secure his spot and decided to instead run for vice-president under John Quincy Adams. John Quincy Adams won the election and Calhoun became his vice president.
  • Phillips is converted to the Abolitionist cause

    Phillips is converted to the Abolitionist cause
    Phillips, who had graduated from Harvard Law in 1834, and had opened a law practice in Boston the year after that, gives up practicing law in order to fully dedicate himself to the abolitionist movement. Having been converted by William Lloyd Garrison, Phillips would work tirelessly for the benefit of not only slaves, but for Native Americans as well.
    NOTE* the exact date of his giving up practicing law could not be found.
  • Publishing of "Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave"

    Publishing of  "Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave"
    Published in 1845, this book was a hit in the United States, circulating over 11,000 copies, with French and Dutch translations also available. This publicity caused him to fear that his owner, High Auld, might seek him back. So he went on tour in Ireland.
    NOTE* exact date on publication couldn't be found. so jan1 was put instead.
  • John Brown's raid on Harpers Ferry Armory

    John Brown's raid on Harpers Ferry Armory
    On October 16th, John Brown would lead a raid on Harpers Ferry Armory in an attempt to arm the local slaves and encourage a rebellion. He led 18 men in the attack, with 200 "Beechers Bibles," or rifles. They were eventually stopped by US Marines, in a last stand at "Brown's Fort" an engine house. He, along with the rest of his surviving followers, were hanged.
  • Jefferson Davis' Inauguration

    Jefferson Davis' Inauguration
    Jefferson Davis became the first (and last) president of the Confederacy. He was inaugurated at the Confederacy's original capitol, Montgomery, Alabama.
  • Abraham Lincoln's First Inauguration

    Abraham Lincoln's First Inauguration
    Abraham Lincoln became president on March 4, 1861. This was his first inauguration
  • Battle of Fort Sumter

    Battle of Fort Sumter
    12th-13th April 1861
    General Anderson has a Confederate Victory
  • General Beauregard starts the Civil War

    General Beauregard starts the Civil War
    At Fort Sumter, General Pierre Gustave Toutant de Beauregard of the Confederate army open-fired at the Union troops. This is considered the start of the Civil War.
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    Civil War

  • Stonewall Jackson at Harper's Ferry

    Stonewall Jackson at Harper's Ferry
    At the Battle of Harper's Ferry, Lieutenant-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson's brilliant tactics earn him the nickname "Stonewall."
  • First Battle of Bull Run

    First Battle of Bull Run
    General P.G.T Beauregard and Thomas Jackson have a Confederate Victory
  • Clara Barton establishes an agency

    Clara Barton establishes an agency
    At the First Battle of Bull Run, Clara Barton established an agency where she could attend to wounded soldiers.
  • Robert E. Lee Becomes Head General

    Robert E. Lee Becomes Head General
    Robert E. Lee was assigned full general of the Confederate army on the 31st of August, 1861.
  • Battle of Fort Donelson

    Battle of Fort Donelson
    Occured in the Western theatre of the Civil War. This victory served as a boost for Grant's reputation, earning him respect among his peers. In this battle, Mary Bickerdyke would work tirelessly, serving as a hospital administrator throughout the battle.
  • Battle of Shiloh

    Battle of Shiloh
    6th-7th April, 1862
    General Ulysses Grant has a Union Victory
  • Battle of New Orleans

    Battle of New Orleans
    Admiral David Farragut of the navy has a Union victory
  • The Seven Days Battle

    The Seven Days Battle
    General Robert E. Lee has a series of Confederate victories against General George McClellan's huge Army of the Potomac.
  • Second Battle of Bull Run

    Second Battle of Bull Run
    29th-30th August 1862
    General Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson have a Confederate victory
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    General McClellan of the Union and General Robert E. Lee have an inconclusive outcome, but the Union had a strategic advantage.
  • John Bell Hood at the Battle of Sharpsburg

    John Bell Hood at the Battle of Sharpsburg
    John Bell Hood proved his military skills as a commander at the Battle of Sharpsburg. His excellence at this battle later got him the position as general of the Confederate army.
  • Battle of Fredericksburg

    Battle of Fredericksburg
    General Robert E. Lee have a Confederate victory.
  • Joseph H ooker replaces Burnsides as Commander of the Army of the Potomac

    Joseph H ooker replaces Burnsides as Commander of the Army of the Potomac
    Realzing that Burnsides had lost the confidence of his army, Lincoln called Joseph Hooker over to the White House to name him the new commander of the Union Army. Hooker would establish a reputation as an outstanding administrator, but would ultimately be unsucessful, losing to a smaller force at the Battle of Chancellorsville.
  • Battle of Chancellorsville

    Battle of Chancellorsville
    1st-4th May 1863
    General Robert E. Lee has a Confederate victory.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    1st-3rd July 1863
    General Meade has a Union victory.
    General John Bell Hood has a leg injury, but he carries on fighting for the Confederates
  • Pickett's Failure at the Battle of Gettysburg

    Pickett's Failure at the Battle of Gettysburg
    General George Edward Pickett of the Confederates makes an absolutely unsuccessful charge at the Battle of Gettysburg. His mistake at this battle is considered one of the biggest military failures of the Civil War.
  • Siege of Vicksburg

    Siege of Vicksburg
    General U.S. Grant has a Union victory
  • Battle of Chikamauga

    Battle of Chikamauga
    Generals Bragg and Longstreet have Confederate victory
  • Battle of Chattanooga

    Battle of Chattanooga
    23rd-25th November 1863
    General U.S. Grant has a Union victory.
  • General Ulysses S. Grant awarded

    General Ulysses S. Grant awarded
    General Ulysses S. Grant was promoted to lieutenant-general of the Union and awarded the gold medal by Congress.
  • Battle of the Wilderness

    Battle of the Wilderness
    5th-6th May 1864
    General U.S. Grant of the Union and General Robert E. Lee of the Confederates have an inconclusive outcome.
  • Battle of Spotsylvania

    Battle of Spotsylvania
    8th-19th May 1864
    General U.S. Grant and Meade of the Union have an inconclusive outcome.
  • Battle of Cold Harbor

    Battle of Cold Harbor
    General U,S, Grant of the Union made some crucial mistakes during the battle to give the Confederate a victory.
  • Siege of Petersburg

    Siege of Petersburg
    18th June 1864 - 2nd April 1865
    General U.S. Grant has a Union victory.
  • Battle of Atlanta

    Battle of Atlanta
    General Sherman and McPherson have a Union victory.
  • George McCllelan loses the election of 1864

    George McCllelan loses the election of 1864
    George McCllelan lost the election of 1864 to former president Abraham Lincoln. This was an unexpected turn of events for both McCllelan and Lincoln.
  • Battle of Nashville

    Battle of Nashville
    15th-16th December 1864
    General Sherman has a Union victory
  • Battle of Bentonville

    Battle of Bentonville
    General Sherman has a Union victory
  • Surrender at Appomattox

    Surrender at Appomattox
    General Robert E. Lee of the Confederates and General U.S. Grant of the Union met in Appomattox for the Confederates to surrender. This marked the end of the Civil War.
  • Assasination of Abraham Lincoln

    Assasination of Abraham Lincoln
    John Wilkes Booth, a Southern actor who supported the southern ideals, and was outraged at his side's loss in the war shot Lincoln in the back of the head. Lincoln's last words will be "She won't think anything about it". to his wife during a conversation.
  • Dred Scott v. Sandford

    Dred Scott v. Sandford
    Dred Scott, a slave who lived in Virginia, tried to sue his owner. Superme Court ultimately overruled this for two reasons; Scott was not a citizen, therefore could not sue, and second, he was "property" and could not be taken from his owner without due process.