The American Civil War

By jsaint
  • ulysses s grant

    ulysses s grant
    joined the union army and became commanding general of the whole army. fought many major battles and became known as a fierce war general. he captured a conferderate army. he captured the mississippi river and split the conferderate states in half. led the battle for petersburg and captured richmand the capital of the confederate states. met lee at appomattix where lee surrendered and ended the civil war. led the union during reconstruction and became the 18th president of the united states.
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    civil war

  • jefferson davis

    jefferson davis
    davis was the president of the confederate states of america. he resigned from the u.s. senate to become the president. during the war he took charge of the war plans but failed to stratagize the less effective confederate army. his flaws in his personality failed him as the leader of the confederates. he was captured by the union of may 10, 1865 and had a refusal for the reconstruction. he became a hero to all in the south.
  • robert e lee

    robert e lee
    he was second in command in the conferderate states of america under jefferson davis. he was offered to be the absolute commander of the union army by abraham lincoln. he declined and sided with his home state of virginia which was in the confederacy. he was the best battle tactician of the war and won many battles, but surrendured to ulysses s grant in 1865.
  • fort sumter

    fort sumter
    the confederate army fired on the fort for 34 hours and in the end the union soldiers surrendered. the confederate army took control and the famous union flag was taken back north by major anderson.
  • winfield scottand the anaconda plan

    winfield scottand the anaconda plan
    winfield scottand proposed a plan the help the war for the union. the anaconda plan was to block off all confederate ports and take control of the mississippi river. sending troops down the miss river would strike a blow right in the heart of the confederate states. splitting the rebellion in two.
  • battle of bull run

    battle of bull run
    first major land battle of the american civil war. was fought near manassas, virginia. the confederates were under the control of general stonewall jackson and defeated the union army. bull run showed all that the civil war would be much longer and bloodier than anticipated.
  • george mcclellan

    george mcclellan
    became general-in-chief of the union army. he created the army of potomac and raised a well trained and organized army for the union. he was great about planning out a stratagy for a battle but failed when the battle was fast pace and constantly changing. these flaws destroyed him when fighting a equally as strong or stronger army.
  • monitor and merrimac

    monitor and merrimac
    the confederate navy traveled the james river to stop the union blockade of the chesapeake bay. the union had cut off all international trade for the south. this was the first battle of ironclad warships. the uss monitor and the uss merrimac battled at sea and neither came with a victory. the blockeade remained the same. this was the most important naval battle of the civil war.
  • thomas stonewall jackson

    thomas stonewall jackson
    stonewall was a general in the confederate army. he was known to be one of the most popular under general robert e lee. he showed his leading efforts in the valley campaign. he fought in the army of northern virginia and was shot by friendly fire. he had his arm amputated and died 8 days later from pneumonia. the confederates lost much moral after his death.
  • battle of antietam

    battle of antietam
    first major battle to be taken in the north. it was the bloodiest single day battle in american history. maj. general mcclellan of the union fought lee's army. the confederates were attacked from three sides but lee still fought off most of the union soldiers. the confederates were defeated and the battle let abraham lincoln make the emancipation proclamation.
  • emancipation proclamation

    emancipation proclamation
    executive order created by abraham lincoln during the civil war. it made 3.1 million slaves free. 50,000 freed immediately and the rest freed as the union army takes over the south. it was applied to the confederate states of america where slavery was at. lincoln issued the emancipation as his authority as the commander in chief of the army.
  • battle of fredricksberg

    battle of fredricksberg
    robert e lee's army of northern virginia and maj. gen. ambrose e burnside's army of potomac battled. the union assaulted the entrenched confederate army and were destroyed. the union suffered twice as many casualties as the confederates. fredricksburg was the most one-sided battle of the civil war.
  • battle of vicksburg

    battle of vicksburg
    the union army led by ulysses s grant fought the confederate army at vicksburg. the union kept of pursueing the mississippi river and the confederate army surrendered. this defeate gave the union control of the mississippi river for the rest of the cilvil war. the was also a major turning point of the war.
  • battle of gettysburg

    battle of gettysburg
    lee's army of virginia was defeated by george gordon meade's army of the potomac. this was lee's last invasion of the north and was the turning point of the civil war. gettysburg had more casualties than any other battle in the civil war with almost 7,800 casualties.
  • gettysburg address

    gettysburg address
    lincoln's speech to the dedication of the soldiers' national cemetary in gettysburg. it was designed to show how the civil war is a struggle for all men in the united states and showed rights form the declaration of independence. it is known to be one of the best speeches ever writen in american history.
  • sherman's march

    sherman's march
    the union army marched from the captured atlanta to the port of savana. they soon captured the port and struck a blow to the south's infrastructure. the industry inflicted significant damage. this showed how determained sherman was when going deep into enemy territory.
  • appomattox court house

    appomattox court house
    ulysses s grant and his officialsmet with general lee to make the terms of surrender. lee signed the compromise that ended the civil war. the confederate states of america was no more and reconstruction was to begin.
  • lincoln's assasination

    lincoln's assasination
    abraham lincoln was assasinated by john wilkes booth. it was at the ford's theatre in washington d.c. it was six days after the surrender of the confederacy. booth shot lincoln in the back of the head and jumped onto the stage. everybody spectating thought it was just part of the play.