The American Civil War

  • Period: to

    The Civil War

  • Election of 1860

    Election of 1860
    The issue of slavery caused a split between political parties and also dissolved the Whig party. Most southern Whigs joined the Democratic party but as a result to this a Republican party was formed from the free-soil and libertarian party. The climax of the election was the defeat of Stephen Douglass, John Breckenridge and John Bell by Abraham Lincoln. Lincoln's presidency was a sign of secession. The Crittenden Compromise was the attempt to re join the union and confederates.
  • Jefferson Davis

    Jefferson Davis
    Jefferson Davis was a satesman and president of the confederates during the civil war. During his presidency, Davis took charge of the Confederate war plans but was unable to find a strategy to stop the larger, more powerful and better organized Union. His diplomatic efforts failed to gain recognition from any foreign country, and he paid little attention to the collapsing Southern economy, printing more and more paper money to cover the war's expenses
  • The battle of Fort Sumter

    The battle of Fort Sumter
    The Battle of Fort Sumter was the bombardement and surrendering of fort sumter that started the civil war. Following declarations of secession by seven Southern states, South Carolina demanded that the U.S. Army abandon Fort Sumter since the fort was located in South Carolina territory and South Carolina no longer considered itself part of the Union. . The President used this event as a symbolic justification to raise a Union army for the purpose of suppressing the rebellion.
  • Winfield Scott and the Anaconda plan

    Winfield Scott and the Anaconda plan
    As Union general-in-chief, winfield Scott
  • Battle of Bull Run

    Battle of Bull Run
    The battle of Bull Run, also known as the battle of Manassas, was fought near Virgina. This battle was the first major land battle of the american civil war. Just months after the start of the war at Fort Sumter, the Northern public clamored for a march against the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia, which could bring an early end to the war. McDowell's ambitious plan for a surprise flank attack against the Confederate left was not well executed but the confederates began at an advantage
  • Robert E. lee

    Robert E. lee
    George McClellan was a major general during the Civil War. He organized the famous Army of the Potomac and served briefly as the general-in-chief of the Union Army. Early in the war, McClellan played an important role in raising a well-trained and organized army for the Union. McClellan's Peninsula Campaign in 1862 ended in failure, with retreats from attacks by General Robert E. Lee's smaller Army of Virginia and an unfulfilled plan to seize the Confederate capital of Richmond.
  • Monitor and Merrimack

    Monitor and Merrimack
    The Battle of the Monitor and Merrimack, was the most noted and most important naval battle of the Civil War. The battle was a part of the effort of the Confederacy to break the Union blockade, which had cut off Virginia's largest cities, Norfolk and Richmond, from international trade.The duel ended indecisively, Virginia returning to her home for repairs and strengthening, and Monitor to her station defending Minnesota. The ships did not fight again, and the blockade
  • Ulysses S. Grant

    Ulysses S. Grant
    Ulysses was a general of the union army that defeated the confederates in the Civil War. In 1862, he fought a series of major battles and captured a Confederate army, earning a reputation as an aggressive general and allowing the Union to seize control of most of Kentucky and Tennessee. In July 1863 he captured Vicksburg, captured another Confederate army, and took control of the Mississippi River, splitting the Confederacy and opening the way for more Union victory.
  • Thomas Jackson

    Thomas Jackson
    Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson was a Confederate general during the American Civil War, and probably the most well-known Confederate commander after General Robert E. Lee. Jackson was known for his "stonewall" defense at the first battle of bull run. he later died of pneumonia.His death was a severe setback for the Confederacy, affecting not only its military prospects, but also the morale of its army and of the general public.
  • Battle of Aniteitam

    Battle of Aniteitam
    The Battle of Antietam was the first major battle in the American Civil War to take place on Northern soil. It was the bloodiest single-day battle in American history. After pursuing General Robert E. Lee into Maryland, Union Gen. McClellan launched attacks against Lee's army, in defense behind Antietam Creek. Union assaults against the Sunken Road eventually pierced the Confederate center. Union gen. Burnside's corps entered the action. Gen. hill countered pushing north back and ending the war
  • Emancipation Proclomation

    Emancipation Proclomation
    The Emancipation Proclamation is an executive order issued by Abraham Lincoln during the Civil War under his war powers. It proclaimed the freedom of 3.1 million of the nation's 4 million slaves, and immediately freed 50,000 of them, with the rest freed as Union armies advanced. On September 22, 1862, Lincoln announced that he would issue a formal emancipation of all slaves in any state of the Confederate States of America that did not return to Union control.
  • Battle of Fredericksburg

    Battle of Fredericksburg
    The battle of fredericksberg was fought around Fredericksburg, Virginia, between Robert E. Lee and the Union Army of the Potomac, commanded by Ambrose E. Burnside. Burnside's plan was to cross the Rappahannock River and race to Richmond, before Lee's army could stop him. Unfortunately, delays prevented Burnside from receiving the necessary pontoon bridges in time and Lee moved his army to block the crossings. On December 15, Burnside withdrew his army, ending another failed Union campaign.
  • Seige of Vicksburg

    Seige of Vicksburg
    The Siege of Vicksburg was the final major military action in the Vicksburg Campaign of the Civil War. In a series of maneuvers, Union Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and his Army crossed the Mississippi River and drove the Confederate army of Gen. John Pemberton into the fortress city of Vicksburg, Mississippi. When assaults against the Confederate fortifications were met with heavy casualties, Grant decided to besiege the city. and wih no reinforcements garrison surrendered.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    The Battle of Gettysburg was fought in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, and was the battle with the largest number of casualties in the Civil War and is often described as the war's turning point. Union Gen.George Meade's Army of the Potomac defeated attacks by Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia, ending Lee's invasion of the North.
  • Sherman's March

    Sherman's March
    Sherman's March to the Sea also known as, the Savannah Campaign took place around Georgia by Gen. William Sherman of the Union Army in the Civil War. The march began with Sherman's troops leaving the captured city of Atlanta and ended with the capture of the port of Savannah. It inflicted significant damage, particularly to industry and infrastructure and civiliian property. Sherman destroyed much of the South's potential and psychology to wage war.
  • Battle of Appomattox Court House

    Battle of Appomattox Court House
    This battle was the last between Robert E.Lee before he finally surrendered to the Union.Lee having abandoned the Confederate capital of Richmond, after the Siege of Petersburg, retreated west, hoping to join his army with the Confederate forces in North Carolina. Union forces pursued and cut off the Confederate retreat. Lee's final stand was at Appomattox Court House, where he launched an attack to break through the Union force, but he assumed the Union force consisted entirely of calvary.
  • Assasination of Abrham Lincoln

    Assasination of Abrham Lincoln
    Lincoln attended Ford theater on good friday, 6 days after the surrendering of of lee to the union. He attented the theater to see a play with his wife and Henry Rahtbone with his wife. Lincoln was shot by John Boothe who aspired to rally the Confederate troops back to contention. He ultimately failed planning to kill Andrew jJohnson and William Seward but failed.