Canadian History 1920s and 1930s timeline

  • End of World War 1

    End of World War 1
    In November 11, 1918, the Germans agreed on a cease fire and World War 1 was over.
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    Canadian history 1920s and 1930s timeline

  • Winnipeg General Strike

    Winnipeg General Strike
    The winnipeg general strike on May 1st. The people wanted 3 things; decent wages, eight hour work day, and the right to bargain for better working conditions. The city quickly split into 2 sides. One was the Central Strike Committee, and the other was theCitizen's Committee of One Thousand. The strike went on for 37 days and ended on June 27. (Bloody Saturday) One man was killed, 30 were injured and hundreds were arrested.
  • Spanish Flu pandemic ends

    Spanish Flu pandemic ends
    The spanish flu pandemic began in 1918. It was a major pandemic because it targets young, healthy adults. This had affected the soldiers in the trenches during the war, and continued after the war. Around 50 million people died of this desease which was around 3% of the world's population at the time. This desease eventually died down and came to a stop in 1920.
  • Mackenzie King is elected Prime Minster

    Mackenzie King is elected Prime Minster
    William Lyon Mackenzie King was elected Prime Minister in 1921. During his time, Mackenzie King introduced several new policies. He also did not accept David Lloyd George's several appeals to help with Britain's affairs. Making it clear, that Canada will not be following Britian's suggestions. He was later out voted by Richard Bedford Bennett due to his 5 cents speech. He came back as Prime Minister in 1935.
  • Nobel prize awarded to Canadian team for discovery of insulin

    Nobel prize awarded to Canadian team for discovery of insulin
    Insulin treatment for diabetes was discovered in 1922, by Frederick Banting, with the help of J.R.R.Macleod, Charles Best, and J.B.Collip. Banting had the idea to get harmones from dogs to cure diabetes. And in 1921, they were successfully able to isolate insulin from the other harmones. The results were very well and the treatment was available by 1922. In 1923, Banting and Macleod won the Nobel Prize for the discovery. And they each shared their rewards with Best and Collip.
  • Foster Hewitt & Hockey night in Canada

    Foster Hewitt & Hockey night in Canada
    Foster Herwitt, famous sportscaster in Canada, did his first hockey game broadcast in 1923. It was the first time a play-by-play of a hockey game was done on the radio. By 1931, he was broadcasting the first "Hockey Night in Canada" game. And for 30 years, he broadcasted his Hockey Night in Canada for thousands of Canadians.
  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    Chinese Exclusion Act
    On July 1st, 1923, the Chinese Exclusion act was passed. This act pretty much banned all Chinese people from coming to Canada with only a few exceptions. Inless they were students, merchants, or diplomats, they were not allowed to cross the Canadian border legally. During the time the law was active, 1923 - 1947, only around 8 Chinese people were admitted into Canada. July 1st, 1923 was known as "Humiliation day" to the Chinese-Canadians.
  • RCAF is formed

    RCAF is formed
    The Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) was formed in 1924. The government formed the RCAF to use the military planes in peace keeping missions. They would go out on patrolling missions, watching for forest fires and smuggling along the coasts. They were later hired to fly mail to remote areas in Canada.
  • Prohibition laws are repealed in Ontario

    Prohibition laws are repealed in Ontario
    Prohibition was introduced in 1918 and was supported by the Women's Christian Temperance Union. The ban of alcohol created a new form of crime. The smuggling of alchol helped many smugglers make fortunes. There were some good points of prohibition such as decreased crime rates. However many people were against prohibition and the fact that smugglers were making a profit that could have been for the government caused the ban to be repealed throughtout 1920s. PEI was the last to repeal in 1948.
  • Persons Case

    Persons Case
    The persons case began in1916, when Emily Murphy, a judge, was challenged in the courtroom because she was a woman. Soon after, the issue of a woman Senate came up and the question of do woman count as a person in laws came up again. In 1927, Emily along 4 other woman; Nellie McClung, Louise McKinnet, Henrietta Edwards, and Irene Parlby decided to start a petition on the subject. They brought the case all the way to the Privy Council in Britain where it was decided that woman were people.
  • Black Tuesday

    Black Tuesday
    On October 29 1929, the stock markets crashed and left thousands moneyless. There were several reasons which caused this. One was over-production, where they made too much products when there weren't enough comsumers. The second was the over dependence on the United States. When their stocks crashed, it greatly affect ours as well. And lastly, there were too much credit buying. People bought things before they had enough money to pay for it which, when the markets crashed left them moneyless.
  • Five Cent Speech

    Five Cent Speech
    The speech was given by Mackenzie King in 1930. He stated that relief for the unemployed was the province's responsibility and that he would not give 5 cents to any province that doesn't have a liberal government. This resulted in King's loss in the election and helped Richard Bedford Bennett become Prime Minister.
  • R.B. Bennett elected Prime Minister

    R.B. Bennett elected Prime Minister
    Richard Bedford Bennett was born in 1870. In 1930, he became Canada's 11th Prime Minister. During his time as Prime Minister, he had to face the great depression. His policies to stop the depression, such as the New Deal, did very little to help the situation. He was defeated in 1935 by Mackenzie King. He retired in 1939 and died in 1947.
  • Group of seven disbanded

    Group of seven disbanded
    The group of seven were Canadian artists. Like many of the artists during that time, they were experimenting with new techniques to express their art. They were also determined to create the Canadian feel in their art. They went painting all over Canada from the Rocky Mountains to Qubec, to Nova Scotia. They disbanded in 1931 because they felt that the group was no longer necessary.
  • Statute of Westminster

    Statute of Westminster
    On December 11, 1931, the Statute of Westminster was passed. This meant that Canada was completely self-goven. And that Britain could no longer make laws for Canada. However there were still several areas Canada did not claim independence from Britain. One of the areas was courts. There was still a court higher than the Supreme Court of Canada, which was the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council in Britain. Other than that, Canada had its independence.
  • Mackenzie King re-elected as Prime Minister

    Mackenzie King re-elected as Prime Minister
    He was re-elected as Prime Minister using the slogan King or Chaos. His government created CBC (Canadian Broadcasting Corporation), air canada, etc.
  • On to Ottawa Trek

    On to Ottawa Trek
    The on to Ottawa Trek took place in June 1935. Thousands of men was tired of the hard life in the British Columbia relief camps. They went onto trains and were headed to Ottawa to protest. They wanted minimum wage and social unemployment insurance and were joined by other men. The men got to Regina when they were stopped by the Mounted Police. Prime Minister R. B. Bennett claimed it was a plot to overthrow the government. The Trek ended in a riot with many injured and one death.
  • CBC, Canadian Broadcasting Corporation is established

    CBC, Canadian Broadcasting Corporation is established
    The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) began in 1933 as The Canadian Radio Broadcasting Commission. (CRBC) It was made to provide and encourage Canadian programs. It was later changed into CBC in 1936. One of its most major broadcast was in 1939 when they covered the royal tour of king George VI and Queen Elizabeth.
  • Beginning of world war 2

    Beginning of world war 2
    On September 1, 1939, Germany attacks Poland. On September 3, France and Britain declares attack on Germany and world war 2 begins.