Spanish FluWho: as soldiers returned home, they were all sick with the
What: Influenza Epidemic "Spanish flu"
Where: schools, theatres, and churched closed their doors to stop the spread
When: The flu was what made the government go into action by opening a Federal Department of health which was created in 1919
Why: weakened people with the flu by giving them pneumonia
How: this made the government start taking rates such as crime rates, death rates, and infant mortality rates
ProhibitionWho: Federal government
What: Federal government introduces prohibition –. Dropped crime rate and arrests for drunken people decreased rapidly
When: prohibition was ended in 1933
Where: The United States
Why: led to bootleg booze (a new kind of crime in which illegal liquor was sold across the country)
How: they weren’t allowed to sell, make, and transport or import liquor across the country
Canadian History 1920s & 1930s TIMELINE
The Winnipeg General StrikeWho: a lot of immigrants settled in the city in Winnipeg especially in a neighbourhood called "North End"
What: the Building and Metal Trades Councils voted to go on strike
When: May 1, 1919
Why: they wanted to improve working ideas and living conditions
How: Winnipeg was split into 2 hostiles: one side were the strikers, their families and their supporters the other side were the owners, the employers and leading citizens of Winnipeg
League of IndiansWho: Frederick Loft, a Mohawk veteran from World War I, organized the league
What: The League of Indians, the league worked better with health and education programs with the help of Edward Ahenakew.
Why: Loft believed that Aboriginal people should have the right to vote with out giving up their status
Where: Edward Ahenakew helped to extend the league into western Canada.
How: the government made it illegal for Aboriginals to raise funds for land claims
The Group of SevenWho: The Group of Seven, where Canadian landscape artists
What: were determined to create art that dealt with Canadian experience.
When: October 1920
Where: The first exhibition of paintings by the group was held at the Art Gallery of Ontario
Why: The Group of Seven wanted to paint in their own way and didn’t like how others were painting. They wanted to do their own thing and start a new type of painting. Their paintings were very inspiring and beautiful. A lot of people enjoyed their spectac
The Branch Plant SystemWho: The Branch Plant
What: These branch industries were copies of the American parent company.
Where: Canada and United States
Why: In this way the parent company avoided paying high tariffs on imports at the border
How: They produced the same products as the parent company in the United States but the products could be marked “Made in Canada”.
Assembly LineWho: Was created by Henry Ford- Each worker on the assembly line had a separate job
What: Ran from one end of a building to anotherWhen: 15 Oct 1920
Why: The assembly line was a big push for mass production
How: The cars made traveling more comfortable for families and farmers
The Discovery of InsulinWho: Over a million North American suffered with diabetes, Canadian medical researchers discovered insulin. Frederick Banting was given the most credit for this discovery and was assisted by a student, Charles Best
What: The Discovery of Insulin, 1923, Banting and Macleod were awarded the Nobel Prize and shared $40000 with Charles Best
Where: University of Toronto
When: Nov. 11, 1922
Why: Thousand died every year from the illness
How: In 1920, Banting thought of getting hormones from dogs
Chinese Exclusion ActWho: The Chinese students, merchants, and diplomats
What: Chinese Exclusion act was the act that banned all Chinese students, merchant, and diplomats from entering Canada. Only 8 Chinese people were admitted to Canada in 1947
When: July 1, 1923
Why: The provincial edict was stamped by the governor and as per the wording of the act, it was put into effect immediately
The Royal Canadian Air ForceWho: The Royal Canadian Air Force
What: was the air force of Canada from 1924 until 1968 when the three branches of the Canadian military were merged into the Canadian Forces
Where: RCAF was made in Canada
Why: The government believed military planed could be justified only if they were used for peaceful purposes as well.
How: Early RCAF pilots conducted surveys, patrolled for forest fires, watched for smuggling along Canada’s coasts, and checked on fishing boats
Persons CaseWho: The Person’s Case
What: it underlined the inequality of women still faced
When: August 1927
Why: Women were not considered “people” A lawyer demanded Emily Murphy, the first woman judge, to judge any case because he believed she wouldn’t be able to do it because to him no woman was a “person”. Women were treated unfair. The men were more acknowledged and women were treated like dirt.
How: Over the next several years, women’s groups asked the prime minister to appoint a woman
Black TuesdayWho: Black Tuesday
What: the stock market crashed, one of the most violent and dramatic actions
When: 29 Oct 1929
Why: For a month, prices spurted up and down, mostly down.
How: Politicians did not understand the problems facing the economy so they took no action to regulate the purchase and sale of stocks
Five-Cent Piece SpeechWho: Given by Mackenzie King
What: A speech about how the social well-being was what was responsible of the provinces, Richard Bedford Bennett replaced Mackenzie King
Why: One of the reasons the Liberals lost to the Conservatives in the election
How: Declared that he wouldn't give a "five cent piece" to any province that was without a Liberal government
Statue of WestministerWhat: Statue of Wesminster
When: 11 Dec 1931
Where: British parliament passed the Statute of Westminster
Why: Canada became completely self-governing
How: made the proposal of the Balfour Report Law
On to Ottawa TrekWhat: A lot of men were getting tired of relief camps in B.C. boarded freight trains to Ottawa to protest against the government. They were joined by other men as they moved east and wanted clear economic improvements
When: 20 Jun 1935
Why: a horrible riot occured
How: Prime MinisterBennett claimed they were going against the law and part of a plot to overthrow the government.