Developments in the travel and tourism industry since 1960 - Chloe Ayre

By clo
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    Holiday Camps

    Holiday camps were at their peak between 1945 and 1960 as they catered for about 60% of holiday market. Holidays camps became less in demand as there was more demand for sunshine and package holidays abroad grew. Holidays camps now offer short breaks all year round.
  • Reservations and Bookings

    Booking were made easier with the advance of technology. Demand grew in the 1950s,
  • Transport Development - Air

    Boeing introduced new passenger jets, It began commercal service in 1959.
  • Transport Development - Rail

    Since the 1960s governments have cut rail servicea and closed railway stations.
    more people prefered to travel by cars.
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    Life Style Changes

    Holiday Patterns: many people started to go abroad and also there was increased growth in short breaks. More people than ever before, usually to cities.
    Increased Income and Expectatins: As income increases there are more holidays abroad and also because people go on holidays more the expectations of the holidays are higher.
    Improved Education: since 1960 GCSE levels have increased and from all sectors of society education has improved.
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    Life Style Changes Continued

    Improved Education : as more people become more educated the more people will be aware of the world and will be morre curious to what the worl can offer, from learning new languages to traveling to different places.
    Age: The Grey market is one of the most important markets as many older people have more time and sufficient funds to travel more than younger people. Older people have more time as they are no longer working and most likley do not have any children to worry about.
  • Developent of Tourism Act

    The development of tourism act, The acts aim is to co-ordinate with other organisations that all work together to make up the tourism sector.
  • Package Holidays

    The first package holiday was organised by Vladimir Raitz. This package included accommodation, return flights, transfers and full board. Package holidays became more popular in the 1970s as more people wanted to see new places. Currency restrictions were lifted in 1970.
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    British Airways and Air France started Concorde

    Concorde was the first supersonic service and has set the standard for luxury air travel.
  • Transport Acts 1980 & 1985

    The transport act ended licensing regulations affecting coach routes and tours above 30 miles. It lead to competition between private companies and public companies. The 1985 Act brought about wholesale deregulation. Meaning private companies could operate on any route.
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    Channel Tunnel

    Before 1986 the idea of a tunnel was just a idea.
    In 1986 both france and britian signed a treaty in Canterbry.
    In 1987 the Channel tunnel had become a reality as the treaty was ratified.
    Work began on the tunnel in 1987 and finioshed in 1994 the original cost of the tunnel was £4.8 Billion but it was £10 Billion by the end.
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    Introduction and Growth of Low Cost Airlines

    Development of lowcost airline was followed deregulation of air travel. in 1987 the european union started the liberation process, which meant cost related fares and discount fares were allowed.
    Deregulation meant EU airlines could establish them selves,
    The final stage came in 1993. In 1995 Easyjet launched a low cost airline,
    in 2004 the routes had a large expansion as the EU became 25 states, It then grew again in 2007 as there were 27 states.
  • Package Travel, Package Holidays and Package Tours Regulations 1992

    All UK tour operators that offer package holidays have been subject to package travel regulations. The regulations are responsibilities to their customers and what customers can do.
  • Air Passenger Duty

    In 1996 air passenger duty was reduced on economy flights, it was increased greatly in 2006. Plans have been increased from November 2010 causing controversy.
  • Super Planes

    Singapore airline were the first airline to fly the plane to sydney 2007, it was alos the first airline to fly the superjumbo.
    With the adition of new bigger aircraft,airports had to make major changes so they could deal with increased numbers of passenger and the bigger aircraft.
  • Super Ships

    A french naval architect created a passenger ferry, the ferry was a high speed boat the new ferry could cut many journeys.
    The high speed boat had other advantages e.g. it could sail in all weather and didnt have to stay at the port.