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The Makings of America

  • Sep 26, 992

    Leif Ericson first landed in North America

    Ericson was from the Norse tribe, and the Vikings were a nomadic group who roamed North America.
  • Oct 12, 1492

    Christopher Columbus arrived in the Caribbean

    He first landed in the Caribbean, and thought he had landed in India. The natives he met on the island were dubbed "indians".
  • Jun 7, 1494

    The Treaty of Tordesillas was created

    This was a line drawn to divide discovered land between countries.
  • Jun 24, 1494

    John Cabot claims Newfoundland for England

    He was the first English explorer, and eventually led to the rest of English colonization.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1500 to Dec 31, 1500

    Major explorers searched America

    Explorers included Balboa, Magellan, Cortez and Pizarro.
  • England defeats the Spanish Armada

    This ended England's relationship with Spain.
  • Virginia House of Burgesses is established

    This was the America's first representative assembly.
  • Mayflower left England

    A group of 120 (half were Separatists, half were Puritans) left England and established the Plymouth Bay Colony.
  • The Dutch West India Company founded New Amsterdam

    The Dutch established this land, which would later be New York, primarily as a trading post.
  • A charter was given to establish the Massachusetts Bay Colony

    John Winthrop was the first governor, and said that "we shall be as a city on a hill."
  • Maryland was established as a proprietary colony

    The purpose was for money, religious freedom, and diversity.
  • Period: to

    New England Confederation

  • Peter Minuit established Delaware as a Swedish colony

    Delaware was very similar to Pennsylvania.
  • Period: to

    England's Navigation Acts

  • King Charles II created the colony of Carolina

    South Carolina became a royal colony in 1719.
  • New Jersey was made a proprietary colony

    The Duke of York gave a proprietary land grant to George Carteret and Lord Berkely.
  • Period: to

    King Philip's War

  • A constitution for Pennsylvania was drafted

    The land of Pennsylvania was given to William Penn, who established it as a "society of friends".
  • King James II establishes New York as a royal colony

    It was origionally a Dutch settlement, but the English took it over.
  • North Carolina obtained a royal charter

    North Carolina was first established in 1653 as a buffer colony, but it wasn't until 1729 that it recieved its charter.
  • Period: to

    Great Awakening

  • Georgia was founded

    Georgia was founded by James Oglethorpe as a buffer colony.
  • Period: to

    French and Indian War

  • Proclamation Act of 1763

    This prohibited settlements west of the Appalachian Mountains.
  • Sugar Act

    Britain wanted to raise money to pay off its debt.
  • Boston Massacre

  • Boston Tea Party

  • Britain issues the Intolerable Acts

    These were spurred as a response to the Boston Tea Party.
  • Committees of Correspondance met

    They met to discuss rebellion of the Intolerable Acts.
  • Battle of Lexington

    Samuel Adams called this "a glorious day for America".
  • Declaration of Independence

    Thomas Jefferson wrote it, and America officially claimed its independence from England.
  • Articles of Confederations Ratified

    The Articles, first written in 1777, were finally ratified for all the states as a loose, ineffective form of government.
  • Treaty of Paris signed

    The Treaty of Paris, which formally ended the Revolutionary War after Britain surrendered.
  • The Constitution goes into effect

    After the ninth state of New Hampshire ratified the document, it officially replaced the Articles of Confederation. Many states refused to sign it until a Bill of Rights was added on.
  • Washington elected as the first president

    By unanimous vote, war general George Washington was inaugurated on a balcony overlooking Wall Street.
  • Period: to

    French Revolution

    The French Revolution had an enormous impact onAmericans; they were happy that their revolution had sparked others to reform.
  • Northwest Land Ordinance

    The ordinance, which described dividing land west of the Appalachians into six-mile townships, was confimed by Congress.
  • National Bank Created

    The National Bank was suggested by Alexander Hamilton as a way to develop industry and promote the northern economy.
  • Washington's Neutrality Proclamation

    Washington decided the new, weak country needed to stay neutral and away from European affairs until they had strength of their own.
  • Washington Ends the Whiskey Rebellion

    The Whiskey Rebellion, atarted by farmers in 1791, was overwhelmed by Washington's extravagant punishment of sending 13,000 troops to stop the rebellion, which was as many as were in the origional Confederate Army.
  • Jay's Treaty

    Jay's Treaty was signed on this day; it demanded that Britain clear out of American forts and pay for ship seizures. However, Britain demanded that Americans still pay off all pre-Revolution debts.
  • Pickney's Treaty

    Established bounderies between America and Spanish colonies.
  • John Adams elected 2nd US president

    After a fierce run against Thomas Jefferson, the irratable, stubborn John Adams won the election of 1796.
  • The XYZ Affair

    France did not accept any negotions with America, which eventually led to an undeclared war between the two countries.
  • Alien and Sedition Acts

    The Alien and Sedition Acts, proposed under John Adams, severely cut back freedoms of speech, press, and the right of a fair trial of Americans. These turned many Federalists into Democratic-Republicans.