Columbus set sail from Spain with three ships, Nina, pinta and the Santa Maria, on Aug.3, 1492. His goal was to find a western route to the orient.
Jamestown Colony created
First permanent English settlement in the US, leader was John Smith. Life was very hard, with diseases, starvation and hostile natives. John Rolfe introduced tobacco as an export, he married Pocahontas, the daughter of an Indian chief.
Plymouth Colony created
A group who were fleeing religious persecution looking for a place to worship as they wanted, this group was later called Pilgrims . Myles Standish was commanding officer. Squanto taught the Pilgrims about planting and fertilizing the soil. Here they had the first Thanksgiving.
Massachusetts Bay Clony created
Founded by Puritans wanting to leave England because of political and religous events.John Endicott was one founder, John Winthrop was governor.
New Amsterdam becomes New York
After coming under English control the name was changed to New York, after the Duke of York.
William Penn creates Pennsylvania
Because of persecution a group of Quakers including Penn, purchased some land in the new world. The King also granted him a large piece of land in payment of a debt owed to his father, Admiral William Penn. King Charles wanted the name Pennsylvania, after the Admiral.
Albany Congress meets
Representatives of 7 of the British North American colonies met for several weeks, discussing better relations with the Indians and defense measures against the French. Benjamin Franklin proposed a plan for uniting the colonies, it passed the congress, but not the individual colonies.
George Washington assaults Fort Duquesne
George Washington, a young Virginia officer suggested a good place to build a fort. The British started to build the fort buy the French troops came and threw them out. The French finished the fort naming it,Fort Duquesne. Washington came back with troops and took the fort, but were soon defeated by a superior force.
the French and Indian war concludes
The war concludes with the signing of the Treaty of Paris, the kingdoms of Great Britain, France, Spain and Portugual were all in agreement.