8th Grade US History

By hpotter
  • 476

    Fall of the Western Roman Empire

    Fall of the Western Roman Empire
    Romulus Augustus is replaced by a Germanic Tribal Leader named Odoacer. The Dark Ages have begun.
  • Period: 476 to Jan 1, 1485

    The Medieval Ages

  • Oct 14, 1066

    Battle of Hastings

    Battle of Hastings
  • Jan 1, 1096

    First Crusade

    First Crusade
    Pope Urban II calls on European Christian Knights for the First Crusade.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1096 to Jan 1, 1270

    The Crusades

  • Jan 1, 1147

    Second Crusade

    Second Crusade
  • Jan 1, 1186

    Third Crusade

    Third Crusade
    Richard the Lionheart attempts to retake Jerusalem from Saladin. After a fever sets in and his army depleted, Richard calls for a truce before returning to Europe.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1241 to

    Age of Exploration

    The age of Exploration also called the Age of Discovery was a period when European explorers sailed the globe to find new trade routes and lands. The majority of these explorations were made to "The New World" by Portugese, Spanish, and later French, British, and Dutch explorers.
  • Jan 1, 1271

    Marco Polo

    Marco Polo
    Marco Polo travels to Asia. He roams the contient for 24 years collecting information. His stories are later published after his return to Italy. His book would be an inspiration to later explorer Christopher Columbus.
  • Jan 1, 1347

    Black Death Devastates Europe

    Black Death Devastates Europe
    Bubonic Plague spreads across Europe like a storm. The plague bacteria was trasmitted by rats on board trade ships from Asia. The rats carried infected fleas which would spread to humans once arriving at European ports. Not knowing what the cause of illness was, infected people continued to travel across Europe spreading the disease.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1350 to

    The Renaissance

    The Renaissance was a "Rebirth" of cultural, scholarly and socio-political thought which focused on the teachings and discoveries from classical antiquity. Florence, Italy was the center of the Renaissance.
  • Jan 1, 1397

    Manuel Chrysoloras arrives in Italy

    Manuel Chrysoloras arrives in Italy
    Chrysoloras was a Greek scholar from Constantinople. He comes to Italy to teach Greek grammar. He will later teach at the Universities in Bologna, Italy, and Rome. With him comes the works of Homer and Plato's The Republic which he translates into Latin.
  • Jan 1, 1429

    Cosimo de Medici Rises to Power in Florence, Italy

    Cosimo de Medici Rises to Power in Florence, Italy
  • Period: Jan 1, 1492 to

    Spain In America

    Spanish explorers set up key ports and trading routes in the New World. These explorers would create lasting impacts on this area of the globe through cultural and future European influences.
  • Aug 3, 1492

    Columbus Departs on 1st voyage

    Columbus Departs on 1st voyage
    Columbus departed from Palos de la Frontera, Spain in order to find a shorter route to Asia.
  • Oct 12, 1492

    Columbus Lands in New World

    Columbus Lands in New World
    Columbus lands in the Bahamas, thinking he has landed in Japan. He names the island San Salvador.
  • Jan 1, 1503

    Leonardo de Vinci Paints the Mona Lisa

    Leonardo de Vinci Paints the Mona Lisa
    Scientist, Artist and Inventor Leonardo de Vinci was born on April 15, 1452 outside of Florence, Italy. Known through out the world as one of the greatest minds ever. His painting of The Last Supper measures 15 x 29 feet. He truly was a "Renaissance Man".
  • Jan 1, 1504

    Hernando Cortés arrives in the New World

    Hernando Cortés arrives in the New World
    Cortés lands on Hispaniola (Presently the island of Haiti & Dominican Republic) at the city of Santo Domingo.
  • Nov 1, 1512

    Michelangelo Finishes Painting the Sistine Chapel

    Michelangelo Finishes Painting the Sistine Chapel
    Michelangelo was commissioned to paint the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in 1508. After his assistants failed to satisfy their his expectations, they were fired and their work erased. He then took upon himself the task of painting the ceiling himself.
  • Jan 1, 1519

    Hernando Cortés Claims Mexico for Spain

    Hernando Cortés Claims Mexico for Spain
    Cortés will cut through Mexico and defeat the Aztec Empire. This will open the door to Spainsh culture in Central America.
  • Mar 16, 1521

    Ferdinand Magellan Finds Asia

    Ferdinand Magellan Finds Asia
    Ferdinand Magellan determined to finish what Columbus had started, discovers a western route from Europe to Asia. He lands in the Philippines. This is why some people in the Philippines still speak Spanish.
  • Jan 1, 1533

    Francisco Pizarro Conquers the Incas

    Francisco Pizarro Conquers the Incas
    Pizarro pushs through Central & South America defeating the Inca Empire in Peru. The Capital of Lima was founded two years later in 1535.
  • Jan 1, 1540

    Hernando de Soto Lands in Florida

    Hernando de Soto Lands in Florida
    Hernando de Soto explores the Southeastern part of the United States. His travels would take him through Florida, Georgia, the Carolinas, Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Louisiana, and Texas.
  • Jan 1, 1559

    Pensacola, Florida Founded

    Pensacola, Florida Founded
    Don Tristan de Luna founded the city of Pensacola in 1559, making it the oldest European settlement in the United States. However, the city was destroyed in a storm and was abandoned. Afterwards, St. Augustine was founded and has remained settled ever since. Pensacola was of course rebuilt, but locals from both cities like to argue over which city is Americas oldest.
  • Aug 28, 1565

    City of St. Augustine Founded

    City of St. Augustine Founded
    Don Pedro Menendez de Aviles was ordered to colonize Florida to protect Spainsh treasure ships returning to Spain from the New World. St. Augustine was founded and protected from enemy colonies to the north by contructing Castillo de San Marcos (pictured). The fort was attacked several times, but has never been captured.
  • Jamestown, Virginia (1st English Colony)

    Jamestown, Virginia (1st English Colony)
  • Period: to

    English Colonies in America (US)

  • Pilgrims Arrive in Plymouth, MA

    Pilgrims Arrive in Plymouth, MA
    The Pilgrims, were persecuted for their religious beliefs in England. They fled to The Netherlands to try their luck there. Soon it was clear they would have to take their religion somewhere else. The Pilgrims were trying to reach Virginia since the English had already founded Jamestown. They were blown off course and landed near Cape Cod south of (soon to be) Boston Harbor.
  • New Jersey Founded (New Netherlands)

    This colony was originally settled by the Dutch which named their colony New Netherlands, but was renamed New Jersey after the British took over.
  • New York Founded (New Amsterdam)

    Originally settled by the Dutch, the settlement on an island at the mouth of the Hudson River was named New Amsterdam. After the British forced the Dutch out, the colony was renamed, New York.
  • Puritans Arrive in America

    Puritans Arrive in America
    Escaping religious persecution in England, the king grants the Puritans a charter to establish a colony in America. King Charles was not a fan of the Puritans and used their charter as a way to get rid of them.
  • Maryland Founded

  • Connecticut & Rhode Island Founded

  • Delaware Founded

  • North Carolina Founded

  • South Carolina Founded

  • Pennsylvania Founded By William Penn

    Pennsylvania Founded By William Penn
    Charles II gave William Penn a land tract of land which was named Pennsylvania. Penn, a Quaker, soon had a large group of Quakers pour into the area.
  • Salem Witch Trials

    Salem Witch Trials
    Between 140-200 people were accused of witchcraft after a string of illnesses affect some girls of Salem Village. Within a year of trials, 20 people are dead by being hung, cruched by stones, or died in prison. Evidence was practically zero and only two women in the village were actually practicing what might be considered dark arts.
  • Georgia Becomes the 13th Colony

    Georgia Becomes the 13th Colony
    James Oglethorpe gets a charter from King George II for the colony of Georgia. The colony is meant to serve as a second chance for debtors. Allowing them to work off their debt and make a new life in America. The colony also served as a seperation between the Spanish in Florida and the port city of Charles Town, South Carolina.
  • Period: to 476

    The Roman Empire (First Century Onward)