Unit 1: French and Indian War

  • Oct 12, 1492

    Clumbus "Discovers: America

    Clumbus "Discovers: America
    Clumbus landed at the isladnd of San Salvardor in the Caribbean on this day. He later told Europeans about this territory, and they began to colonize in North and South America.
  • Jamestown Colony created.

    Jamestown Colony created.
    James Town is located in Jamestown Island in the Virginia Colony, founded on May13th 1607. Jamestown was the capital of the city from 1616 until 1699. They landed there because the deep water channel let their ships ride close to shore; close enough to tie up to trees. Right after they got there, the Algonquian natvies started attacking them.
  • Plymouth Colony created

    Plymouth Colony created
    It was founded in 1620 on Plymouth Bay, an inlet of Cape Cod Bay, about 35 miles southeast of present Boston.The Pilgrims left England to seek religious freedom, or simply to find a better life. They set sail from Plymouth, England, on Sept. 16, 1620, aboard the Mayflower, On the Mayflower there were 102 passengers and they were at sea for sixty five days. Also, William Bradford established the Plymouth Colony.
  • Massachusetts Bay Colony created

    Massachusetts Bay Colony created
    The Massachusetts Bay Colony was formed in the 17th century by Puritan settlers led by James Winthrop fleeing from religious persecution in England. The land that is now the Massachusetts Bay was previously inhabited by Naive Indians.
  • New Amsterdam becomes New York

    New Amsterdam becomes New York
    The colony of New Netherland was established by the Dutch West India Company in 1624 and grew to encompass all of present-day New York City and parts of Long Island, Connecticut, and New Jersey.In 1621, a new trading firm was established, the Dutch West India Company, which was more willing to capitalize on the resources of North America than the East India Company had been.The expedition against New Amsterdam was organized by the Duke of York,then King James II. and the city named in his honor.
  • William Penn creates Pennsylvania

    William Penn creates Pennsylvania
    William Penn founded Pennsylvania with a land grant that was owed his dead Father. His goal was to create a colony that allowed religious freedom.
  • Albany Congress meets

    Albany Congress meets
    Twenty-three delegates would meet in Albany, New York from June 19 to July 11, 1754. This government was to manage defense and Indian affairs, pass laws, and raise taxes. The chief executive was to be a president-general appointed and supported by the crown. There would be a grand council consisting of representatives appointed by each Colonial Assembly. This plan was an attempt to stop the French from taking control of the Ohio River valley, because if they had, it would link the French territo
  • George Washington assaults Fort Duquesne

    George Washington assaults Fort Duquesne
    The fort was begun by a group of Virginians in 1754 at the insistence of Gov. Robert Dinwiddie. The French drove the Virginians away on Apr. 17, 1754, and completed the fort; they named it after the Marquis de Duquesne, governor-general of New France.On Nov. 24, 1758, the French abandoned their position without a fight to advancing British troops led by Gen. John Forbes and retreated north after burning Fort Duquesne. The English rebuilt it and renamed it.
  • The French & Indian War concludes

    The French & Indian War concludes
    The “French and Indian War” was the North American phase (1754-60) of the “Seven Years’ War,” sometimes called the “Great War for the Empire,” but in all events the first war that truly spanned the globe, causing conflicts on five continents. Major combatants included Britain, France, their respective colonies, Prussia, Austria, Russia, Spain, and Sweden. Bloodshed, while shocking enough in North America, was far more severe in continental Europe, especially Austria and Germany.