Nursing Timeline by Ashley Sharp

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  • Dorothea Dix

    Dorothea Dix
    Dix became one of modern nursing's pioneers, pursuing the core value that drives the provision of all other nursing care: patient advocacy. In March 1841, she visited the Cambridge House of Corrections to teach Sunday class for women
  • Linda Richards

    Linda Richards
    Linda became the first professionally trained American nurse.
  • Mary Eliza Mahoney

    Mary Eliza Mahoney
    Mary Eliza Mahoney was the first African-American registered nurse in the U.S.A
  • Margaret Sanger

    Margaret Sanger
    She was know for advocating birth control and women's health.
  • Clara Barton

    Clara Barton
    Clara Barton in 1881 established the American Red Cross, and served as its director until her death.
  • Isabel Hampton Robb

    Isabel Hampton Robb
    In 1889 she was appointed head of the new Johns Hopkins School of Nursing, where she continued to suggest reforms, participated in teaching, and published the text Nursing: Its Principles and Practice. After five years at Johns Hopkins she married Dr. Hunter Robb, and resigned to follow him to his new position as professor of gynecology at Case Western Reserve University
  • Lavinia Dock

    Lavinia Dock
    In 1893, Dock, with the assistance of Mary Adelaide Nutting and Isabel Hampton Robb, founded the American Society of superintendents of Training Schools for Nurses of the United States and Canada, a precursor to the current National League for Nursing.
  • Annie Goodrich

    Annie Goodrich
    She was awarded the honorary degree of Doctor of Science (Sc.D.) from Mount Holyoke College in 1921, the honorary degree of Master of Arts (M.A.)
  • Mary Breckinridge

    Mary Breckinridge
    Regarded as the first to bring nurse-midwifery to the United States and founder of the Frontier School of Midwifery and Family Nursing.
  • Ida V. Moffett

    Ida V. Moffett
    September 1941 she became director of nursing for both Birmingham Baptist and Highland Avenue Baptist hospitals and their joint nursing school. In 1943 she organized Alabama's first unit of the Cadet Nurse Corps, a federal program of the Public Health Service that was established to overcome a shortage of nurses, and oversaw construction of a second building for the School of Nursing.
  • Hildegard Peplau

    Hildegard Peplau
    Peplau's seminal book, Interpersonal Relations in Nursing, was completed in 1948, but not published for four years because it was then considered too revolutionary for a nurse to publish a book without a physician co-author. Since the publication of Peplau's work, interpersonal process has been integrated into nursing education and practices worldwide. She was know as the mother of psychiatric nursing.
  • Dorothea Orem

    Dorothea Orem
    Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory - SCDNT
  • Virginia Henderson

    Virginia Henderson
    Her famous definition of nursing was one of the first statements clearly delineating nursing from medicine: "The unique function of the nurs is to assist the individual, sick or well, in the performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery (or to peaceful death) that he would perform unaided if he had the necessary strength, will or knowledge.
  • Madeleine Leininger

    Madeleine Leininger
    She is considered by some to be the "Margaret Mead of nursing" and is recognized worldwide as the founder of transcultural nursing, a program that she created at the School in 1974
  • Martha Rogers

    Martha Rogers
    Martha E. Rogers' creation of the Science of Unitary Human Beings (SUHB) theory allowed nursing to be considered one of the scientific disciplines.
  • Jean Watson

    Jean Watson
    Dr. Watson, Founder, created her international nonprofit Watson Caring Science Institute in 2007 with the mission to restore the profound nature of caring-healing and support the current health care system to nurture and retain its most precious resource, competent, caring professional nurses.