Civil War

  • Period: to

    Civil war

  • Ft. Sumter attack

    When President Lincoln planned to send supplies to Fort Sumter, he alerted the state in advance, in an attempt to avoid hostilities. South Carolina, however, feared a trick; the commander of the fort, Robert Anderson, was asked to surrender immediately. Anderson offered to surrender, but only after he had exhausted his supplies. His offer was rejected, and on April 12, the Civil War began with shots fired on the fort. Fort Sumter eventually was surrendered to South Carolina.
  • Four More States Join Confederates,

    The attack on Fort Sumter prompted four more states to join the Confederacy. With Virginia's secession, Richmond was named the Confederate capitol.
  • West Virgina created

    western counties of Virginia did not wish to secede along with the rest of the state. This section of Virginia was admitted into the Union as the state of West Virginia on June 20, 1863.
  • Battle Of Bull Run

    Rebel army Kills the Union troops in the first battle of the civil war
  • Port Royal

    On November 7, 1861, Captain Samuel F. Dupont's warships silenced Confederate guns in Fort Walker and Fort Beauregard.
  • Lincoln takes action

    On January 27, President Lincoln issued a war order authorizing the Union to launch a unified aggressive action against the Confederacy. General McClellan ignored the order.
  • Battle of Moniter and Merrimac

    Irons clads fought against each other
  • Shiloh

    By the end of the day, the federal troops were almost defeated. Yet, during the night, reinforcements arrived, and by the next morning the Union commanded the field
  • New Orleans

    Flag Officer David Farragut led an assault up the Mississippi River. By April 25, he was in command of New Orleans.
  • Seven Pines

    Union barely wins fight with Confederates
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Effort by Lincoln to set slaves free
  • Chancellorsville.

    Union General Hooker crossed the Rappahannock River to attack General Lee's forces. Lee split his army, attacking a surprised Union army in three places and almost completely defeating them. Hooker withdrew across the Rappahannock River, giving the South a victory, but it was the Confederates' most costly one with deaths
  • Gettysburg

    three day battle that turned the tide of the civil war. South lost this battle, but it was by the mistakes Lee made in the battle
  • Chickamauga

    Confederates held onto ground for victory
  • The Siege of Knoxville

    The difficult strategic situation of the federal armies after Chickamauga enabled Bragg to detach a force under Longstreet to drive Burnside out of eastern Tennessee
  • The Battle of Cold Harbor

    Grant fought Lee in cold harbor. Grant lost 7000 men in twenty minutes. Lees last clear victory of the war
  • Grant's Wilderness Campaign.

    Grant planned to stop Lee in the wilderness until all of Lees forses where destroyed. Lee didnt have any reinforcements, but Grant did. This was a Three day battle.
  • The Siege of Petersburg

    a failed attempt of Grants to capture Petersburg. It lasted 10 months
  • Abraham Lincoln Is Re-Elected

    Abe is re-elected
  • Hood before Nashville

    General John B. Hood brought his reduced army before the defenses of Nashville, where it was repulsed by General George H. Thomas on December 15-16 for most succesful victory of war