40. Native Americans before Columbus: Mexico and SouthAmerica

  • 200

    Land Bridge

    It is thought that some of the first immigrants traveled over a land bridge that connected Alaska and Siberia. Many of these travelers then dispersed throughout North and South Americas.
  • 250


    The Mayan civilizations rose in 250 AD, although civilizations were known in 2600 BC. They were mainly located in (present-day) Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, and Belize.
  • Period: 300 to Feb 1, 700

    Mayans' advances

    Mayan link The Mayans' gained a complex knowledge of astrology and the sciences. With this knowledge, they created a 260 day calendar which has proved to be very accurate today.
  • Jan 1, 1110


    Incas link The Incas' first settlement was located in the Cusco Valley in Peru. The land stretched to the Amazon. The Incas' economy was based on gold and silver mining.
  • Jan 1, 1250

    Lake Texcoco

    Lake Texcoco
    Aztecs Link The Aztecs' first permanent settlement is marked near Lake Texcoco.
  • Jan 1, 1325


    Tenochtitlan became the capital for the Aztecs. It was surrounded by Lake Texcoco. Tenochtitlan used a system of dams to protect from flooding and had many large stone monuments.
  • Mayans' Fall

    Mayans link Little is known about the Mayans, which is why today their history is still being discovered. It is thought that in the 800's a neighboring tribe attacked the Mayans. That resulted in the end of the empire.