Tehran

  • First Russo-Persian War

    First Russo-Persian War
  • War eventually lost to Russia, with loss of territory.

    War eventually lost to Russia, with loss of territory.
  • Young Turk Movement

    Young Turk Movement
  • Constitutional Revolution. Dabashi calls this event the beginning of modern Iran, when the absolute monarchy becomes a constitutional monarchy.

    Constitutional Revolution.  Dabashi calls this event the beginning of modern Iran, when the absolute monarchy becomes a constitutional monarchy.
  • Rule of the Pahlavi Royal Family (Reza Shah and son Muhammad Reza Shah)

    Rule of the Pahlavi Royal Family (Reza Shah and son Muhammad Reza Shah)
  • Reza Shah crowned himself.

    Reza Shah crowned himself.
  • Establishment of Tehran University, modern and secular.

    Establishment of Tehran University, modern and secular.
  • Veiling of women in public is banned by the Shah.

    Veiling of women in public is banned by the Shah.
  • Second Pahlavi monarch, age 22, occupies the throne after his father is exiled to South Africa.

    Second Pahlavi monarch, age 22, occupies the throne after his father is exiled to South Africa.
  • Winston Churchill, Franklin Roosevelt, and Joseph Stalin meet in Tehran; they promise Iran national sovereignty

    Winston Churchill, Franklin Roosevelt, and Joseph Stalin meet in Tehran; they promise Iran national sovereignty
  • Iranian Prime Minister Mosaddeq nationalizes the Iranian oil industry, which foments a power struggle with the Shah.

    Iranian Prime Minister Mosaddeq nationalizes the Iranian oil industry, which foments a power struggle with the Shah.
  • The US CIA engineers a coup (led by Kermit Roosevelt) that removes Prime Minister Mosaddeq, and brings the Shah back to power.

    The US CIA engineers a coup (led by Kermit Roosevelt) that removes Prime Minister Mosaddeq, and brings the Shah back to power.
  • Vietnam War

    Vietnam War
  • The Shah establishes SAVAK, the secret police that act against political dissenters.

    The Shah establishes SAVAK, the secret police that act against political dissenters.
  • The White Revolution, initiated by the Shah and supported by President Kennedy, implements further secularization.

    The White Revolution, initiated by the Shah and supported by President Kennedy, implements further secularization.
  • Ayatollah Khomeini, now Shi’ite leader, challenges the Shah, only to be arrested and exiled to Iraq.

    Ayatollah Khomeini, now Shi’ite leader, challenges the Shah, only to be arrested and exiled to Iraq.
  • The Shah celebrates 2500 years of Persian monarchy.

     The Shah celebrates 2500 years of Persian monarchy.
  • Siahkal uprising, armed struggle against the Shah by socialists.

    Siahkal uprising, armed struggle against the Shah by socialists.
  • Iran doesn’t participate in the Arab oil embargo, which means tremendous profits for the Shah.

    Iran doesn’t participate in the Arab oil embargo, which means tremendous profits for the Shah.
  • President Jimmy Carter on a visit to Iran proclaims Iran “an island of stability in an otherwise troubled Middle East”

    President Jimmy Carter on a visit to Iran proclaims Iran “an island of stability in an otherwise troubled Middle East”
  • On “Black Friday” the Shah’s army opens fire on protesters, killing and wounding many.

    On “Black Friday” the Shah’s army opens fire on protesters, killing and wounding many.
  • Khomeini flies to France to direct the revolution from there. The Shah appoints a series on prime ministers in an effort to regain control of the country as demonstrations become increasingly violent.

    Khomeini flies to France to direct the revolution from there.  The Shah appoints a series on prime ministers in an effort to regain control of the country as demonstrations become increasingly violent.
  • The Shah leaves the country for Egypt, Morocco, the Bahamas, Mexico, and then the US, where he undergoes treatment for cancer.

    The Shah leaves the country for Egypt, Morocco, the Bahamas, Mexico, and then the US, where he undergoes treatment for cancer.
  • A million Iranians celebrate in Tehran, calling for the formation of an Islamic republic and the return of Khomeini.

    A million Iranians celebrate in Tehran, calling for the formation of an Islamic republic and the return of Khomeini.
  • Khomeini returns in triumph to Iran and appoints Mehdi Bazargan prime minister for a provisional government while the Islamic constitution is drafted.

    Khomeini returns in triumph to Iran and appoints Mehdi Bazargan prime minister for a provisional government while the Islamic constitution is drafted.
  • Militant students seize the American embassy in Tehran and hold 52 American diplomats hostage there for 444 days.

    Militant students seize the American embassy in Tehran and hold 52 American diplomats hostage there for 444 days.
  • The first Iranian president, Abu al-Hassan Bani-Sadr, is inaugurated.

    The first Iranian president, Abu al-Hassan Bani-Sadr, is inaugurated.
  • This is the beginning of the eight-year Iran-Iraq War.

    This is the beginning of the eight-year Iran-Iraq War.
  • A US attempt to rescue the hostages results in a humiliating catastrophe when the American helicopters and planes crash in the desert with heavy casualties.

    A US attempt to rescue the hostages  results in a humiliating catastrophe when the American helicopters and planes crash in the desert with heavy casualties.
  • He eventually settles in Egypt, where he dies.

    He eventually settles in Egypt, where he dies.
  • Saddam Hussein invades Iran, with the support of the US, Europe, and the Soviet Union.

    Saddam Hussein invades Iran, with the support of the US, Europe, and the Soviet Union.
  • The hostages will finally be released on Reagan’s inauguration.

    The hostages will finally be released on Reagan’s inauguration.
  • Abu al-Hassan Bani-Sadr was dismissed and exiled by Khomeini.

    Abu al-Hassan Bani-Sadr was dismissed and exiled by Khomeini.
  • Iran accepts a UN-sponsored peace treaty that ends the war with Iraq.

    Iran accepts a UN-sponsored peace treaty that ends the war with Iraq.
  • Khomeini dies and is succeeded by Ali Khamenei

    Khomeini dies and is succeeded by Ali Khamenei
  • Rafsanjani becomes president, serving until 1997.

    Rafsanjani becomes president, serving until 1997.
  • First Gulf War, repulsed by American forces.

    First Gulf War, repulsed by American forces.
  • Saddam Hussein invades Kuwait.

    Saddam Hussein invades Kuwait.
  • Mohammed Khatami elected president, serving until 2004.

    Mohammed Khatami elected president, serving until 2004.
  • President Bush designates Iran, along with Syria and North Korea, as the Axis of Evil.

    President Bush designates Iran, along with Syria and North Korea, as the Axis of Evil.
  • The US invades Iraq.

    The US invades Iraq.
  • Mahmoud Ahmadinejad becomes president of Iran.

    Mahmoud Ahmadinejad becomes president of Iran.