History of Nurses

By zmgay
  • Dorothea Dix

    Dorothea Dix
    Dorothea Dix worked as a nurse during the civil war and upon returning to her home in Massachuessts in 1840-41, she began investigating the conditions of the mentally insane. After lobbying she established the first mental instution and began to travel state to state and lobbying the governments for more institutions.
  • Florence Nightengale

    Florence Nightengale
    She became populare for her work during the Crimean War for, and was called, "The Lady with the Lamp". This was because she would take care of wounded soliders at night. Nightingale laid the foundation stone of professional nursing with the principles summarised in the book Notes on Nursing.
  • Mary Ann Bickerdyke

    Mary Ann Bickerdyke
    She was hospital administrator for Union soldiers during the American Civil War. After the outbreak of the Civil War, she joined a field hospital at Fort Donelson, working alongside Mary J. Stafford. "Mother" Bickerdyke was so loved by the army that the soldiers would cheer her as they would a general when she appeared.
  • Clara Barton

    Clara Barton
    Served as a nurse during the Civil War. In 1870 she became involved with the International Committe of Red Cross (ICRC). She brought this concept back to the United States and expanded on the role of a new, American Red Cross,. It became known to include assisting in any great national disaster, and not just care for victims to a war as the ICRC had. She began this project in 1873.
  • Margaret Sanger

    Margaret Sanger
    Was an American birth control activist and the founder of the American Birth Control League. She was among the early influential contributors to Relationship counseling in the U.S.
    Although she was initially met with opposition, Sanger gradually won some support for getting women access to contraception.
  • Mary Eliza Mahoney

    Mary Eliza Mahoney
    The first black to study and work as a professionally trained nurse in the United States, graduating in 1879. In recognition of her outstanding example to nurses of all races, the NACGN established the Mary Mahoney Award in 1936.
  • Linda Richards

    Linda Richards
    Linda Richards worked with Florence Nightengale. She became superintendent of Boston Training School for Nurses and turned its reputation for bad managment around and even created the first system for keeping individual's medical history on file. In 1885 she also established the first Japanese training school for nurses.
  • Lavinia Dock

    Lavinia Dock
    Lavinia Dock's books included a four volume history of nursing and what was for many years a standard nurse's manual of drugs.
    In 1893, Dock founded the American Society of superintendents of Training Schools for Nurses of the United States and Canada, a precursor to the current National League for Nursing.
  • Lillian Wald

    Lillian Wald
    After working in an orphanage in 1893, Lillian began teaching and later began to care for sick residents and soon devoted her life to this. She moved into a spartan room near her patients in order to care for them better. She was the founder of the Henry Street Settlement and was able to expand her work later having 27 nurses helping those she cared for.
  • Virginia Henderson

    Virginia Henderson
    Henderson is famous for a definition of nursing: "The unique function of the nurse is to assist the individual, sick or well, in the performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery (or to peaceful death) that he would perform unaided if he had the necessary strength, will or knowledge"
  • Annie Goodrich

    Annie Goodrich
    Was the fist dean of the Army School of Nursing. She was also the first dean of nursing programs for Yale University.
  • Mary Breckinridge

    Mary Breckinridge
    an American nurse-midwife and the founder of the Frontier Nursing Service. he Frontier Nursing Service provides healthcare services to rural, underserved populations and educates nurse-midwives. he organization was founded in 1925
  • Ida Vines Moffet

    Ida Vines Moffet
    A pioneer in setting standards for healthcare, she became the first woman involved in achieving school accreditation, in forming university- level degree programs for nursing, in closing substandard nursing schools, in organizing hospital peer groups, in licensing practical nursing, and in starting junior college-level degree programs for nurses. Half way through her career, the Baptist Hospital nursing school was named The Ida V. Moffett School of Nursing in recognition of her contributions to
  • Mary Adelaide Nutting

     Mary Adelaide Nutting
    1934 Named honorary president of the Florence Nightingale International Foundation Honored for her outstanding contributions to nursing and nursing education. She was an excellent teacher as well and developed some of the first programs to teach nurses better.
  • Lillian Holland Harvey

    Lillian Holland Harvey
    Dr. Lillian Holland Harvey became director of the nursing program in 1945. In 1948, she initiated the first baccalaureate program in the state of Alabama. Harvey was among the first to be inducted into the Alabama Nursing Hall of Fame in 2001.
  • Hildegard Peplau

    Hildegard Peplau
    A nursing theorist. Her workd "Interpersonal Relations in Nursing" was published in 1952. She emphasized the nurse' client relationship as the foundation of nursing practice. Her emphasis made the relationship more personal instead of nurses simply carrying out Doctor's order.
  • Dorothea Orem

    Dorothea Orem
    Dorothea Orem was a nurse who created the "Orem model of nursing" staring in 1959. This is known as the "Self Care" Model of Nursing and is based on the idea that all pateitnts wish to care for themselves.
  • Jean Watson

    Jean Watson
    Jean Watson proposed that the ultimate aim of nursing is caring with the purpose of preserving the dignity and wholeness of humans. She emphasizes that caring may occur without curing, but curing cannot occur without caring.
  • Madeleine Leininger

    Madeleine Leininger
    Her contributions to nursing theory involve the discussion of what it is to care. Most notably, she developed the concept of transcultural nursing, bringing the role of cultural factors in nursing practice into the discussion of how to best attend to those in need of nursing care. She was first published in 1961
  • Martha Rogers

    Martha Rogers
    Rogers is best known for developing the Science of Unitary Human Beings and her landmark book, An Introduction to the Theoretical Basis of Nursing. Her theory loosely states "Nursing is an art and science that is humanistic and humanitarian. It is directed toward the unitary human and is concerned with the nature and direction of human development. The goal of nurses is to participate in the process of change.." She went on to specialize in public health nursing
  • Isabel Hampton Robb

    Isabel Hampton Robb
    As a nurse, she became the superintendent in 1894. She strongly advocated university education for nurses. She expanded and improved the school's training programs and established a better grading system for nurses. This made nurses prove their abilities before they became qualified.