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History of Fermentation

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    The Chinese used fermented tea to treat a variety of illnesses.

  • Schwann concluded that fermentation is the result of living things.

  • French chemist Louis Pasteur determined that fermintation is caused by yeast.

  • German chemist Eduard Buchner received Nobel prize for showing that enzymes in yeast cells, not the yeast cells themselves, cause fermentation.

  • Arthur Harden and Hans Euler-Chelpin won the Nobel prize because they determined exactly how enzymes cause fermentaion.

  • The Chinese used fermented soybean curd to treat skin infections.

  • People started to use fermentation to make bread rise and to produce alcoholic beverages.