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History of Instructional Design

  • 1st School Museum

    The first school museum was opened in St. Louis, and it made educators realize the significance of visual education.
  • The first catalog of Instructional films were published.

  • Behaviorism

    John Watson's article outlines the tenets of Behaviorism: "Psychology as a Behaviorist Views It. "
  • Sidney Pressey

    Pressey develops a typewriter-like machine that asks the users questions and records their responses. It produced a score for the user once they finished the test. The machines were hampered by the Great Depresion and ultimately failed.
  • N.P.O.V.I.

    National Professional Organization for Visual Instruction founded. We now know this organization at the Association for Educational Communications & Technology (AECT).
  • Alan Turing's "On Computable Numbers" is published

    Alan Turing's "On Computable Numbers" is published
    This book describes the uses and purposes of using computers.
  • "Visualizing the Curriculum"

    “Visualizing the Curriculum” by Hoban, Hoban, and Zissman comes out. One of the most influential books on instructional media - focusing mainly on radio.
  • WWII

    World War II is a catalyst for an immediate need for rapid training and training materials.
  • Jean Piaget

    Jean Piaget
    First publishes theory on Cognitivism: a culmination of decades of studying children and their learning processes.
  • Sputnik

    Societ launch of Sputnik sparks federal funding for education in the US.
  • Benjamin Bloom

    Benjamin Bloom
    Bloom leads a committee of colleges in identifying three domains of learning: Cognitive (knowledge), Affective (attitude), Psychomotor (skills)
  • Robert Gagne

    Robert Gagne
    Gagne publishes The Conditions of Learning which outlined learning objectives. He also introduces the idea of Task Analysis.
  • Computer Devices

    Computer Devices
    On this day, Doug Engelbart held a live conference on the public debut of the computer mouse. Additionally, he unveiled his ideas for "on-screen collaborating" - where two people communicate through audio and video interfaces.
  • The first Apple

    The first Apple
    Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak develop the first consumer-friendly Apple computer. You have to put it together yourself.
  • WWW

    The World Wide Web is developed to exchange files between physicists in the US and CERN (Conseil Européenne pour la Recherche Nucleaire) in Geneva.
  • Cognitive Load Theory

    Developed by Sweller -
    Working memory load must be minimized in order to effectively transfer information/knowledge to long-term memory.
  • ODU

    I begin the ID&T Program at Old Dominion University.