Chapter 3: Planting Colonies in North America

  • Aug 6, 1580

    Roanoke Island

    One of Englands first attempts to colonize North America. Was set up modern day North Carolina. This colony and the Chesapeake Bay colony were failures due to the war with Spain.
  • Chesapeake Colonies

    One of the first English colonies in North America, was set up by the Virginia Company and was soon dependent on Powhatan indians to survive.
  • Jamestown

    This was the first English colony, set up by the virginia Company, after the war with Spain. Was the first permanent colony in the new world but was largly dependent on the natives for food.
  • New England Colonies

    In the area there was no tobacco able to be produced so settlers had to rely on other means of income to prosper. It became a haven for protestants, who gave the northern colonies a distinctive character.
  • Headright Grants

    Grants of large plantations on the condition that the owners/recipients transport the workers from england at their own expense
  • Pilgrims / Sperperatists

    Mayflower left england to set up a colony in New England. The settlers believed the English establishment was too corrupt and set out to set up new colonies. First group of settlers were 102 men and their families and single men hired for work.
  • William Bradford

    Was the leader of the Mayflower expedition which led 102 people to Plymouth rock. Drafted the document the Mayflower Compact that joined all men into a single civil body and was the first document of self government in North America
  • Mayflower Compact

    This was the first document of self government in North America. It joined all the men of the Mayflower Expedition into a single civil body politic.
  • Massachusetts Bay Colony

    Colony set up by seperatist puritans that sought a safe haven for their religion. Set up by the Massachusetts bay company. Started as 200 people as a "city on the hill" model of reform. was soon renamed Salem
  • Great Migration

    Puritan emigration to Massachusetts would be called the great migration. Between 1629-1643 some 20,000 people would emigrtate to New England
  • Puritans

    During the end of Queen Elizabeths rule Puritans began to seek to reform the Curch from the inside. King James the 1st did not tolerate this attempt of reform and granted the puritans colonies in North America to allow them to govern themselves
  • Harvard

    First College of New ENgland. Was a large part of the Puritans impressive educational system the surpassed most. Made the puritans better educated than most colonies and most of Europe even
  • Navigation Acts

    1651-1659 Parliment passed a series of these acts which created the legal and institutional structure of britains 18th century colonial system. Defined colonies as a market for english goods and a supplier of raw materials.
  • Restoration Colonies

    The common wealth of England failed after the death of Oliver Cromwell. Therefore Charles the second was crowned king and placed colonies modeled after the Maryland Colonies in North America. These were later called restoration colonies because they were placed there to restore English dominance in the Americas
  • Glorious Revolution

    A bloodless transition of power where leaders of parliment de-throned King James the 2nd and replaced him with his daughter Mary and her dutch husband, william the orange.
  • Constitutional Monarchy

    Monarchs would now meet with parliment annually to enforce and administer parliment legislation. England was now a Constitutional Monarchy.
  • King Williams War

    Started in 1689 and lasted through 1697. France and England battle on the northern frontiers of New England and New York over colonial supremecy in North America
  • Wool Act of 1699

    Forbid colonial production of wool so that North America would not compete withGreat Britains production of it
  • Queen Annes War

    1702-1713 England fights with France and spain in the caribbeans and northern frontier of New France. Part of Eouropean conflict known as Spanish Succession
  • Peace of Utrecht

    A peace treaty between Great Britain and France & Spain. Gave Great Britain exclusive rights to supply the Spanish in North america with slaves
  • James Oglethorpe

    leader of the georgia colony. he hoped to create a buffer from spanish invasion of the colonies and a haven for poor british farmers, who could sell their goods in south carolina
  • Hat Act of 1732

    Prohibeted the manufacture of hats in North American colonies to prevent market competion with Britain.
  • Georgia

    was created by parliment in 1732. banned slavery under James Oglethorpe's convincing. But slavery was soon aloowed in 1752 because os South Carolina planters settling with their slaves.
  • Molasses Act of 1733

    Parliment enacted under under British with indian planters pressure which prohibited duty on sugar products bought from foreign colonies to North America
  • War of Jenkins Ear

    1739-1743 Britain versus Spain in the caribbean and Georgia. Part of European war known as War of Austrian Succession.
  • Stono Rebellion

    20 recently arrived Angolans armed themselves with weapons they sacked from and armory in Stono South Carolina and began marching to florida beating a drum to attract other slaves to the cause.
  • King Georges War

    1744-1748 Great Britain and France fight in Acadia and Nova Scotia. 2nd American round in War of Austrian Succession
  • Iron Act of 1750

    made the production of iron in the colonies illegal so that Great Britains market for it would not have to compete with the colonies
  • French and Indian War

    1754-1763 Last of the big colonial wars with Great Britain fighting France and Spain. Known as Seven Years War in Europe.
  • John Woolman

    Wrote " Considerations in keeping of Negroes" in 1754 which pointed out that the bible said that all people were of the same blood. He urged people to put themselves into a slaves shoes in order to gain support