World war one

20th Century History

  • The Great War Begins

    The Great War Begins
    On the 28th of June 1914 in Sarajevo the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, is assassinated by The Black Hand (A Serbian nationalist secret society) and so starts World War I.
  • War declared on Serbia

    War declared on Serbia
    Jun 28- The Emperor of Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia.
    Jun 31- Russia (an ally of Serbia) announces full mobilization of their armed forces.
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    War declared around Europe

    August 1- Germany mobilizes armed forces and declares war on Russia.
    August 3- Germany declares war on France
    August 4- Germany declares war on neutral Belgium and as a result Britain declares war on Germany
    August 6- Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia
    August 22- "The Battle of Frontiers" 27,000 French soldiers die in an offensive push towards Germans borders.
    August 26-30- German army achieves great victory against Russia at the Battle of Tunnenberg killing almost 250,000 Russian soldiers.
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    Germany vs France

    Sept.5-10- The first Battle of the Marne stops German invasion in France.
    Sept.15- First trenches dug at the Western front.
  • Christmas Truce

    Christmas Truce
    Christmas Truce declared by soldier in trenches at the Western front .
  • "Total War"

    "Total War"
    January- German sets a Zepplin air raid on England.
  • German blockade.

    German blockade.
    Feb.4- Germany declares a submarine blockade of Great Britain (any ship approaching angland is a target).
  • Submarine Warfare

    Submarine Warfare
    U.S President publicly warns Germany to stop unrestricted submarine warfare policies.
  • First gas attack.

    First gas attack.
    Sept.15- British soldiers use gas weapons in battle but end up with 60,000 casualties of their own due to shifting winds.
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    Battle of Verdun

    The longest battle of the wa is fought to a draw with almost 1 million casualties.
  • Battle of Jutland

    Battle of Jutland
    May 31- June1- The only major naval engagment of the war is fought with no victor.
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    Battle of the Somme

    The Battle of the Somme resulted in almost 1 million casualties with no breakthrough for the Allies. Britain also introduces the tank, an effective weapon though still did not make much difference due to lack in numbers.
  • German submarines cease-fire

    German submarines cease-fire
    Aug.30- Germany stops sinking American ships without warning due to Americas growing anger.
  • German Submarines.

    German Submarines.
    Germany once again declares unrestricted submarine warfare.
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    French "go on strike."

    Over 500,000 French soldiers "go on strike" and refuse to continue the offensive due to massive failure.
    Note* Date is from April 1st to June 31st.
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    French Disaster

    The French launch a disastrous offensive at Chemin des Dames where they only advanced 500 yards with 250,000 or more casualties.
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    Thrid Battle of Ypres

    The Thrid Battle of Ypres results in minor gains but with still no breakthrough in the Western front with 700,000 casualties for both sides.
  • Russian/German armistice

    The new Russian government signs a armistice with Germany.
    **Russian turning point**
    *Russians are putting all they have in the Germans*
  • British capture Jerusalem

    British capture Jerusalem
    Britain captures Jerusalem from the Turks and their Arab allies.
  • German Offensive

    German Offensive
    The Germans launch the first of five major offensives to win the war before American troops appear in the trenches.
    The German advance is finally stopped in late June.
  • Germans stopped in Amiens

    Germans stopped in Amiens
    The British and Australian soldiers stop the Germans advance near to Amiens.
    ** British and Australian turning point**
  • Germans stopped at Marne

    Germans stopped at Marne
    Americans soldiers stop the Germans near Paris on the banks of Marne.
    **American turning point**
  • America helps Allies

    America helps Allies
    Aug.3- America agrees to send volunteer soldiers to Russia to support the Allies.
  • Germans retreat

    Germans retreat
    Aug.8- Allied counter offensives on the Somme push the German army back and into retreat.
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    Germans Lose

    Sept 27- Allied troops break through the german fortifications at the Hindenburg line.
    **German truning point**
    Oct 28- German sailors "go on strike" at port when asked to sail and fight a hopless naval battle.
  • The Great War Ends

    The Great War Ends
    At 11 o'clock on the 11th day of the 11th month (November 11th) of 1918, an Armistice is signed between Germany and the Allies to put an end to World War I.
  • The League of Nations Created

    The League of Nations Created
    I believe it was originally the President Wilson of the United States who started the idea and when the League was created they did not join leaving Britain and France in the League, although as time went by the League grew bigger as more and more countries joined.
    Note* Could not find a proper date of when it was created, or anything about exactly who was in it originally.
  • Treaty of Versailles signed

    Treaty of Versailles signed
    After a year of waiting for the treaty to be made up by the Allies the Germans finally get to sign the treaty on June 28 of 1919 at the Palace of Versailles in the Hall of Mirrors.
  • United States not in League of Nations

    The United States Senate fails to ratify the Treaty of Versailles and U.S. involvement in the League of Nations.
  • Russian Civil War Ends

    Russian Civil War ends after three years with Bolsheviks in full control.
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    Hitler Imprisoned

    Adolf Hitler is imprisoned for sedition against the Weimar Republic.
  • Hitler, Chancellor of Germany

    Adolf Hitler named Chancellor of Germany by President Hindenburg.
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    Italy invades Ethiopia

    This was a colonial war between the armed forces of Italy and the armed forces of Ethiopia in which a weakness in the League of Nations was exposed as Italy and Ethiopia were both members of the League but the other members did nothing when these two countries broke the their code.
  • Japanese invade USSR

    The Japanese invade the USSR and were defeated in the Battle of Lake Khasan as the Japenese armies' first major defeat. The Japanese called it an inconclusive draw
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    Hitler plans and declares war

    August 23- Hitler makes a non-aggression pact with Stalin from Moscowso that when Hitler decides to invade Poland it wil not be defended.
    September 1- Hitler invades Poland which brings Britian into the war against Germany.
  • Germans Invade

    May 10th- Germans stormed into France, Belgium, Netherlands and Luxemburg as Denmark and Norway had already fallen.
  • The Blitz'

    The German Blitz' start in Britain and on October 8th a bomb so huge fell that it would shake the ground under your feet.
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    Blitz Catastrophe

    40,000 people were killed and over 2 million homes were destroyed in the Blitz’
  • Jew Masacre

    Germans now occupy Yugoslavia and soon the Nazis started to round up the Jewish women and children and bring them to camps where they are to be killed.
  • Britain pushes back

    Spring- the Battle of Britain is won and the German plan for invasion is postponed.
  • Germans invade Russia

    Hitler crosses the border into Russia, breaking their non-aggression pact, and over 3000 tanks attack on 3 fronts stretching from the Baltic to the Black Sea
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    Prisoners of War

    2 million Soviet soldiers were captured and within these six months over 600,000 Soviet prisoners of war were killed.
  • United States Enter the War

    United States joins the war as Japan Bombs a Naval base in Hawaii.
  • Germans vs Moscow

    *before december* Germans decided that they would take Moscow when they decide they want to.
    December- the Germans still failed to take Moscow due to the Russians Particular skill in making defences.
  • Japanese take Singapore

    Singapore falls to the Japanese and 25,000 prisoners are taken.
  • American Naval Victory

    American Naval Victory
    America gets a naval victory at Battle of Midway,this marks turning point of the Pacific War.
  • Masacre of Jews... again.

    Mass murder of Jewish people at Auschwitz begins.
  • Germans First Major Defeat

    German surrender at Stalingrad makes for their first major defeat.
  • Italy Invaded

    Allies have victory in North Africa allows an invasion of Italy to be launched, Italy surrenders but Germany takes over the battle.
  • Soviets gather pace

    Soviet offensive gathers pace in Eastern Europe.
  • Operation Overlord

    Caught Germans by suprise with 6,500 vessels landed with over 130,000 Allie forces on five Normandy beaches as 12,000 aircraft bomb German defences and provide cover for the Allies.
    4649 American casualties due to a fierce German defence.
  • Taking cities back

    After the landing on the Normandy beaches the Allies progress greatly slowed though by the end of June Cherbourg was taken back. Paris was also taken 2 months later
  • Russian counter-attack

    A Russian counter-attack drove the Germans 300 miles west to Warsaw where the Russians killed wounded or captured over 350,000 German soldiers.
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    Russians take cities back

    By the end of August the Russians had taken Bucharest, Estonia was taken within months, and Budapest was under siege by the end of the year.
  • Germans Glimmer of Hope

    One glimmer of hope appeared in France for the Germans, where a German counteroffensive, the Battle of the Bulge, killed 19,000 Americans and delayed the Allies' march into Germany.
  • Soviets Take Auschwitz

    The Soviets liberate Auschwitz and more camps are defeated in following months.
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    Hitler dies and Germans Loss

    April 21- Soviets make it to Berlin.
    April 30- Hitler commites suicide.
    May 7- Germany surrenders
  • Atomic bomb

    American President allowed the use of an Atomic bomb and on August 6 one was dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima and three days later another was dropped on Nagasaki.
    The Japanese surrendered on August 14.