2.08 CSI: St. Petersburg Project

Timeline created by connorb118
  • 300

    First Forensics

    First Forensics
    Fingerprints are used on clay tablets for business transactions in ancient Babylon.
  • 600

    Measuring Volume of Strange Objects

    Measuring Volume of Strange Objects
    Archimedes talks about being able to prove the crown was not made of gold using density and buoyancy.
  • 1235

    Learning to Find Murder Weapons

    Learning to Find Murder Weapons
    A murder was committed using a sickle. All those in the village who owned a sickle were made to bring them out and lay them in the sun. Eventually flies gathered on one particular sickle, identifying it as the murder weapon.
  • 1248

    Medicine in Murder

    The Chinese book His Duan Yu describes how to distinguish drowning from strangulation. The first recorded application of medicine to help solve crimes.
  • 1302

    First Medical Autopsy

    First Medical Autopsy
    Bartolomeo da Varignana performed one of the first medicolegal autopsies in the case of a suspected murder of a nobleman.
  • 1447

    Using Teeth

    The missing teeth of the French Duke of Burgundy are used to identify remains.
  • First Microscope

    First Microscope
    The first microscope is developed.
  • First Lie Detector

    Erasistratus, an ancient Greek physician, discovers that his patients' pulse rates increase when they are telling lies. Allegedly the first lie detection test.
  • Using Physical Matching

    Using Physical Matching
    John Toms of Lancaster, England is convicted of murder on the basis of a torn wad of paper found in a pistol matching a remaining piece in his pocket. One of the first documented uses of physical matching.
  • Bullet Comparison

    Bullet Comparison
    Henry Goddard of Scotland Yard first uses bullet comparison to catch a murderer. The comparison was based in a visible flaw in the bullet, traced back to a mold.
  • Detecting Sperm

    H. Baynard publishes the first reliable procedures for the microscopic detection of sperm.
  • Using Body Temperature to Determine Time of Death

    Taylor and Wilkes write a paper on the determination of time since death from fall in body temperature, introducing many current concepts.
  • Photographing Evidence

    Photographing Evidence
    The first advocation of the use of photography for the identification of criminals and the documentation of evidence and crime scenes.
  • Using Fingerprints to determine Crime

    Using Fingerprints to determine Crime
    Henry Faulds of Scotland publishes a paper suggesting fingerprints at the scene of a crime could identify the offender. Faulds uses fingerprints to eliminate an innocent suspect and indicate a perpetrator in a Tokyo burglary.
  • Finger Printing Criminals

    The NY States Prison system begins the first systematic use of fingerprints in the US for criminal identification.
  • Telling Weapons Apart

    Charles E. Waite is the first to catalog manufacturing data about weapons.
  • Portable Polygraph

    Portable Polygraph
    John Larson and Leonard Keeler design the portable polygraph.
  • FBI Crime Lab

    The FBI crime laboratory is created.
  • Using Dental Records

    Using Dental Records
    Dental records are compared with teeth from corpses.
  • Tape lifting Evidence

    Tape lifting Evidence
    Max Frei-Sulzer develops the tape lift method of collecting trace evidence.
  • Breathalyzer Test

    Breathalyzer Test
    RF Borkenstein invents the Breathalyzer for field sobriety testing.
  • Body Cooling After Death Discoveries

    De Saram publishes measurements of temperature I cases obtained from executed prisoners. The papers are considered landmarks in the determination of time since death from body cooling.
  • Testing for Firearm Discharge

    Testing for Firearm Discharge
    Harrison and Gilroy introduce a qualitative colorimetric chemical test to detect the presence of barium, antimony, and lead on the hands of individuals who fired a firearm.
  • Using Forensic Science to Solve crimes

    The Federal Rules of Evidence are enacted as a congressional statute, based on the relevancy standard in which scientific evidence that is deemed more prejudicial than probative may not be admitted.
  • Finger Print Scanning System

    The FBI introduces the beginnings of its Automated Fingerprint Identification System (AFIS) with the first computerized scans of fingerprints.
  • Starting DNA Recognition

    American geneticists discover a region of DNA that does not hold any genetic information and is extremely variable between individuals. Starting our path on DNA recognition.
  • Using DNA to Catch a Criminal

    Using DNA to Catch a Criminal
    DNA is used for the first time to solve a crime. DNA profiling is used to identify Colin Pitchfork as the murderer of two young girls in the English Midlands.
  • DNA Profiling in Court

    DNA profiling is introduced for the first time in a US criminal court.
  • Shell Casings as Evidence

    The FBI helps develop Drugfire, an automated imaging system to compare marks left on cartridge cases and shell casings.
  • FBI Uses DNA

    An FBI DNA database, NIDIS, is put into practice.
  • Footwear Detection Intelligence

    Footwear Detection Intelligence
    The Forensic Science Service launches the UK's first online footwear coding and detection management system, Footwear Intelligence Technology.