19th Century America

  • Louisiana Purchase

    The Louisiana Purchase was bought by France and doubled the size of America.
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    Lowell’s first cotton mill

    A cotton mill is a factory that houses spinning and weaving machinery. Mills spun cotton which was an important product during the Industrial Revolution.
  • Misouri Compromise

    The Missouri Compromise was an agreement passed in 1820 between the pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions in the United States Congress, involving primarily the regulation of slavery in the western territories.
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    Andrew Jackson Elected

    Andrew Jackson was elected president between March 4, 1829, and March 4, 1837. He was President for 8 years.
  • Indian Removal Act

    This Act was signed by President Andrew Jackson. It was strongly supported in the South.
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    Trail of Tears

    The Trail of Tears is a name given to the forced movement of Native American nations from southeastern parts of the United States following the Indian Removal Act of 1830.
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    Mexican American War

    Mexican American War was an armed conflict between the United States and Mexico from 1846 to 1848 in the wake of the 1845 U.S
  • Compromise of 1850

    Passed in September 1850, which defused a four-year confrontation between the slave states of the South and the free states of the North regarding the status of territories acquired during the Mexican-American War.
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin

    An anti-slavery novel by American author Harriet Beecher Stowe. Published in 1852, the novel "helped lay the groundwork for the Civil War", according to Will Kaufman.
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    Bleeding Kansas

    Bleeding Kansas was a series of violent events, involving anti-slavery Free-Staters and pro-slavery "Border Ruffian" elements, that took place in the Kansas Territory and the western frontier towns of the U.S. state of Missouri roughly between 1854 and 1858.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

    The Kansas–Nebraska Act of 1854 created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, opened new lands that would help settlement in them, repealed the Missouri Compromise of 1820, and allowed settlers in those territories to determine through Popular Sovereignty if they would allow slavery within their boundaries and to settle there.
  • Bassemer Process Patented

    The Bessemer process was the first inexpensive industrial process for the mass-production of steel from molten pig iron. The process is named after its inventor, Henry Bessemer, who took out a patent on the process in 1855.
  • Dred Scott Desicion

    His case was based on the fact that although he and his wife Harriet Scott were slaves, he had lived with his master Dr. John Emerson in states and territories where slavery was illegal according to both state laws and the Northwest Ordinance of 1787, including Illinois and Minnesota
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    Oil Discovered in Pensylvania

    The most important oil well ever drilled was in the middle of quiet farm country in northwestern Pennsylvania in 1859. For this was one of the first successful oil wells that was drilled for the sole purpose of finding oil. Known as the Drake Well, after "Colonel" Edwin Drake.
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    John Brown's Raid

    In many books the town is called "Harper's Ferry" with an apostrophe-s.[1]) was an attempt by white abolitionist John Brown to start an armed slave revolt by seizing a United States Arsenal at Harpers Ferry in Virginia in 1859.
  • Lincoln Election

    In the face of a divided and dispirited opposition, the Republican Party, dominant in the North, secured enough electoral votes to put Abraham Lincoln in the White House with very little support from the South. Within a few months of the election, seven Southern states, led by South Carolina, responded with declarations of secession, which was rejected as illegal by outgoing President James Buchanan and President-elect Lincoln.
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    The Civil War

    The American Civil War was a civil war fought in the United States of America. In response to the election of Abraham Lincoln as President of the United States, 11 southern slave states declared their secession from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America ("the Confederacy"); the other 25 states supported the federal government ("the Union").
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    Emancipation Proclamation

    The Emancipation Proclamation is an executive order issued by United States President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, during the American Civil War using his war powers. It proclaimed the freedom of 3.1 million of the nation's 4 million slaves, and immediately freed 50,000 of them, with nearly all the rest freed as Union armies advanced.
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    Transcontinental Railroad Completed

    The First Transcontinental Railroad was a railroad line built in the United States of America between 1863 and 1869 by the Central Pacific Railroad of California and the Union Pacific Railroad
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    Battle of Gettysburg

    Was fought July 1–3, 1863, in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. The battle with the largest number of casualties in the American Civil War, it is often described as the war's turning point.
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    Sherman's March to the Sea

    Sherman's March to the Sea is the name commonly given to the Savannah Campaign conducted around Georgia from November 15, 1864 to December 21, 1864 by Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman of the Union Army in the American Civil War. The campaign began with Sherman's troops leaving the captured city of Atlanta, Georgia, on November 16 and ended with the capture of the port of Savannah on December 21.
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    Reconstruction

    Motivated by a desire to build a strong Republican party in the South and to end the bitterness engendered by war, he issued a proclamation of amnesty and reconstruction for those areas of the Confederacy occupied by Union armies.
  • Surrender at Appomattox Court House

    The Battle of Appomattox Court House, fought on April 9, 1865, was the final battle of Confederate States Army General Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia before it surrendered to the Union Army under Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, and one of the last battles of the American Civil War.
  • Lincoln Assassination

    Took place on Good Friday, April 14, 1865, as the American Civil War was drawing to a close. The assassination occurred five days after the commanding general of the Army of Northern Virginia, Robert E. Lee, and his battered Army of Northern Virginia surrendered to General Ulysses S. Grant
  • 13th Amendment

    The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution officially abolished and continues to prohibit slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime.
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    Black Codes

    The Black Codes were laws put in place in the United States after the Civil War with the effect of limiting the basic human rights and civil liberties of blacks.
  • Johnson's Impeachment

    The Impeachment was the consummation of a lengthy political battle, between the moderate Johnson and the "Radical Republican" movement that dominated Congress, for control of Reconstruction policies after the American Civil War.
  • 14th Amendment

    The Fourthenth Amendment said that blacks could not be citizens of the United States.
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    Carnegie Steel Company

    Carnegie Steel Company was a steel producing company created by Andrew Carnegie to manage business at his steel mills in the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania area in the late 19th century. Carnegie constructed his first steel mill in the mid-1870s.
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    Standard Oil

    Standard Oil was a predominant American integrated oil producing, transporting, refining, and marketing company. Established in 1870 as a corporation in Ohio, it was the largest oil refiner in the world
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    The Gilded Age

    the Gilded Age refers to the era of rapid economic and population growth in the United States during the post-Civil War and post-Reconstruction eras of the late 19th century. The term "Gilded Age" was coined by Mark Twain and Charles Dudley Warner in their book The Gilded Age: A Tale of Today.
  • 15th Amendment

    The Fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution prohibits each government in the United States from denying a citizen the right to vote based on that citizen's race or color.
  • First Telephone Call

    They were spoken by Alexander Graham Bell, inventor of the telephone, when he made the first call on March 10, 1876, to his assistant, Thomas Watson: "Mr. Watson--come here--I want to see you."
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    Lightbulb Invention

    The electric light, one of the everyday conveniences that most affects our lives, was invented in 1879 by Thomas Edison. He was neither the first nor the only person trying to invent an incandescent light bulb.
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    The Sherman Antitrust Act

    The Sherman Antitrust Act, July 2, 1890, requires the United States federal government to investigate and pursue trusts, companies, and organizations suspected of violating the Act. It was the first Federal statute to limit cartels and monopolies, and today still forms the basis for most antitrust litigation by the United States federal government.