1970 Space Timeline

  • Apollo 13 Explodes

    Apollo 13 is launched, suffering an explosion in its oxygen tanks. and the crew, the of 3 return safely.
  • Period: to


  • Luna 17 Lands

    Luna 17 lands on the moon, with the first automatic robot, Lunokhod 1. Driven by a five-man team on earth, they traveled over surface for 11 days.
  • Soviet Venera 7

    Soviet Venera 7 is the first probe to soft-land on Venus, transmitting for 23 minutes.
  • Apollo 14 Moon Mission

    It is launched by the U.S. with the legendary Alan Shepard, Stuart Roosa and Edgar Mitchell on board. They land there and they explore with the help of a two-wheeled cart that permits the transport of a significantly greater quantity of lunar material than previous missions. Shepard was the first man to hit a golf ball on the moon.
  • Soyuz 11

    Soyuz 11 carried Cosmonauts of 3 to Salyut 1, the first manned occupancy of an orbital station. However, on June 29, the Cosmonauts died upon Soyuz 11's reentry.
  • Pioneer 10

    Pioneer 10 is launched on an Atlas towards Jupiter by the U.S., designed to familiarize alien life with humans. It returns with the first close ups of Jupiter in1973
  • Pioneer 10 Travels

    Pioneer 10 becomes the first man-made object to travel through the asteroid belt
  • Skylab

    First crew to Skylab, Skylab 2, are launched, repairing damage incurred to Skylab during its launch.
  • American Mariner 10

    American Mariner 10 is launched, on the first dual-planet mission. Over the next year, it returned photographs of Venus and Mercury.
  • First Meteorological Satellite

    NASA launches the first Synchronous Meteorological Satellite
  • Soviet Salyut 4

    Soviet Salyut 4, civilian space station, is launched. It remains in orbit until February 2, 1977.
  • American Apollo (18)

    American Apollo (18) and Soviet Soyuz 19 dock, the first international spacecraft rendezvous.
  • Soviet 9 and 10

    Soviet Venera 9 and 10 send the first pictures of the Venusian surface to Earth.
  • Martian Pictures

    Pictures of the Martian surface are taken by Viking 1, the first U.S. attempt to soft land a spacecraft on another planet
  • Viking 2

    Viking 2 lands on Mars on the Plain of Utopia, where it discovered water frost.
  • Voyagers 1 and 2

    Voyagers 1 and 2 leave Earth to meet with Jupiter in 1979 and Saturn in 1980.
  • Soviet Salyut 6 Space Station

    Soviet Salyut 6 space station is launched. Its crews include members from Czechoslovakia, Poland, GDR, Bulgaria, Hungary, Vietnam, Cuba, Mongolia, and Romania.
  • Einstein Observatory

    The Einstein Observatory begins its 30-day mission.
  • Pioneer Spacecrafts

    Two Pioneer spacecraft reach Venus. One drops four probes into the atmosphere, while the other maps the surface.
  • Pioneer 11 Reaches Saturn

    Pioneer 11 reaches Saturn, flying to within 13,000 miles and taking the first close-up photographs.