1850's

Timeline created by eastcoastswag
  • Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions written

    Both kentucky and Virginia believed that the federal Alien and Sedition Acts were unconstitutional. The resolutions stated that the states had the right and duty to declare that this was unconstitutional.It argued that each individual state has the power to declare that federal laws are unconstitutional and void. The resolutions were made by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison
  • Hartford convention meets furing war of 1812

    The Hartford convention took place within the United States and addressed that the states (New England) that opposed the war wanted a secession. By the end of the war everything went back to normal, disgraced the Federalist Party.
  • Missouri Compromise

    The compromise was between the pro and anti slavery factions. It banned slavery in former Louisiana and anywhere north of the 36 30 line, with an acception of Missouri.
  • Tariff of Abominations passed

    <a href='' >http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tariff_of_1828</a>Passed by the Congress of the United States and was basically designed to protect industry in the north. It protected the businesses that were going out of business because of all the cheap imports coming in. The tariff put a tax on all those cheap imported goods to help with the businesses.
  • South Carolina tries to nullify

    Created by South Carolina in 1832 and was therefore called the 1832 Ordinance of Nullification. They thought that the Tariff of 1818 was unconstitutional and believed it should be nulled within South Carolina. The tariff was opposed in the South and some parts od New England.
  • Abolition of Slavery Act (1833)

    This act was made by the Parliament of the United Kingdom to completely get rid of slavery in the British empire.
  • Texas declares independence from Mexico

    This is the formal declaration of independence of Texas from Mexico in the Texas Revolution. The document was made up in one night because of urgency. An assembled five of its delegates were chosen to form this document.
  • James Polk elected

    James Polk became the 11th president of the United States in 1845. Polk was born in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina and was the last strong president before the civil war. Polk led the U.S to a victory in the Mexican-American War, which gave the United States most of what we call the Southwest nowadays.
  • Wilmot Proviso

    A major event leading to the civil war that couldve ended slavery, David Wilmot first introduced the Proviso in the United States House of Representatives. Passed the House but could not get passed the Senate becasue of the majority of population in the South.
  • Mexican War

    The mexican war was an armed battle between the United States and Mexico. Lasted 2 years and the reason for war was because f the annexation of texas. Once the American army captured Mexico City the U.S forced Mexico to agree to the addition of Texas and the new border.
  • California enters the union

    Californians wanted to be an independent state and after debate in the U.S. Congress debated the slavery issue and California entered the Union as a free, nonslavery state. by the Compromise of 1850 this could happen. California became the 31st state on September 9th.
  • Fugitive Slave Law enacted

    During this compromise the antislavery group gained California as a free state, and no slave-trading in the District of Columbia. Passed by the United States Congress. The law basically declared that all runaway slaves be brought back to their owners.
  • Fugitive Slave Law enforced

  • Publication of Uncle Tom's Cabin

    The author was Harriet Beecher Stowe. She lived with her family in Cincinnati, Ohio just over the northern border for slavery. The book was incredibly popular during its time selling over 300,000 copies.
  • kansas-Nebraska Act Passed

    This act created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska. Leaving the citizens of the U.S with more land to settle on. Both territories decided their allowance of slavery based on popular sovereingnty, which was designed by Stephen A. Douglas. The purpose of to open up thousands of new farms.
  • Formation of Republican Party

    The second oldest political party and emerged to fight the Kansas-Nebraska Act which threatened to keep slavery in the territories longer. The republican party was nearly non existent in the south, which was quite the opposite of the north.
  • "Border Ruffians" attack Lawrence (5/21/1856)

    The Border Ruffians were pro-slavery men that infiltrated Kansas from the slave state of Missouri. What was funny was all of the Border ruffians were too poor to actually own a slave.
  • Charles Sumner attacked

    Sumner was an American politician and senator from Massachusetts, while being the leader of the antislavery forces in Massachusetts. The attack was described as "one of the most dramatic and deeply ominous moments in the Senate's entire history." Preston Brooks was the man to come to the Senate and beat Sumner down with a cane after one of Sumners anti-slavery speeches. It was 3 and a half years before Charles could return to the Senate.
  • Pottawatomie Creek (5/24/1856)

    An abolistionist leader John Brown and a bunch of abolitionists killed five pro slavery men north of Pottawatomie Creek in Franklin County, Kansas. Brown hack these 5 men with broadswords. He lashed out this bad because of the sacking of Lawrence.
  • Dred Scott decision announced

    The announcement that the Supreme Court ruled that Congress had no power to prohibit slavery in the territories made Dred Scott a slave once again. Scott sued for his freedom because he had been moved up to Wisconsin and Illinois, both free states. At first Scott gained his freedom but only 2 years later the Missouri Supreme Court redecided and returned Scott to slavery. Scott then appealed to the federal courts.
  • Lecompton Constitution passed

    This was the second of four constitutions that had been proposd for Kansas. The new constitution protected the rights of slaveholders and even enshrined slavery. Also allowed voters to vote for more slavery to enter Kansas.
  • Lincoln-Douglas Debates

    A series of seven debates between Abraham Lincoln and senator Stephen Douglas. Both men at the time were trying to win control over the Illinois legislature. The main discussion question was slavery.
  • Raid at Harper's Ferry

    The leader, John Brown, an abolitionist attempted to start an armed slave revolt by taking over the armermy. He attempted to get slaves to join the revolt but his belief in that was wrong. The raid was defeated by U.S. Marines and John Brown faced the deathn penalty.
  • Formation of Constitutional Union Party

    Group was formed to gain support for the Union and the Constitution without regarding other issues. Formed by former Whigs and members of the Know-Nothing Party, The Constitutional union party nominated John Bell for president
  • Election of 1860

    This election was a quadrennial election to elect the new President of the United States. The country was divided between the north and south and questions of slavery were rising everywhere. Though the country was split the Republican party gained enough votes to beat out the south and Abe Lincoln became president.
  • Democrats split in 1860

    The northern Democrats supported Douglas for President, but the southern Democrats withheld support for Douglas. The South demanded that Douglas support a federal slave law. The Douglas supporters pointed out that to do that would push the northern Democrats to join the Republican party.