The Aztecs By 1700908 Period: Jan 1, 700 to Jan 1, 1900 The Aztecs and the Spanish Jan 1, 711 Mulims Conquer Spain. A Muslim force lead by Tariq ibn-Ziyad crooses the Strait of Gibraltar to capture Spain from the Visigoths. In a few years they conquer most of Spain Mar 2, 1000 The Reconquista Begins. About 1000 A.D. the Spanish Reconquista begins. This is the Monarchs attempt to unify Spain. Mar 2, 1198 Huitzilopochtli commands Aztecs to seek a new home. Huitzilopochtli commands Aztecs to settle on a land with a eagle perching on cactus. Mar 2, 1325 Aztecs arrive in the Valley of Mexico. The Aztecs see a eagle perching on a cactus in the valley of Mexico. Mar 2, 1345 The Tenochitlan is established. The capital city of the Aztecs is established by 1345. Mar 7, 1492 King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella capture Granada. This is the last Muslim land in Spain. Mar 9, 1492 Granada is captured. The last Muslim land in Spain is captured. Mar 7, 1494 Treaty of Tortesillas This divides Spanish and Portugese territories. Mar 7, 1496 Santo Domingo established by Spanish on Hispaniola This is one of the first Spanish settlements in Central America. Mar 10, 1500 A great flood swamped the Tenochitlan Mar 7, 1502 Moctezuma become emperor of the Aztec people. He is the last Aztec emperor. Mar 7, 1503 Spain begins exporting gold and silver to the Americas. Mar 7, 1519 Cortes lands in the Americas. Hernan Cortes comes to the Americas looking for gold. Mar 9, 1519 Veracruz is established. This is the first Spanish town in Mexico. Mar 10, 1519 Aztecs control the largest empire empire This about the time where the Spanish arrive in Mezoamerica. Mar 8, 1520 Moctezuma killed, Spanish driven out of Mexico. Also, a small pox out break kills some of the Aztecs. Mar 8, 1521 Aztecs defeated by Spanish. Mar 8, 1531 Inca Empire invaded by Pizzaro. Mar 8, 1600 Nine tenths of original population is wiped out. Most of the surviving natives become slaves. Mar 8, 1821 Mexico gains independace from Spain.