World war II timeline

  • end of world war 1

    end of world war 1
    On 11th November the leaders of both sides held a meeting in Ferdinand Foch's railway carriage headquarters at Compiegne. The Armistice was signed at 6am and came into force five hours later.
  • Fascist Party established under Mussolini in Italy

    Fascist Party established under Mussolini in Italy
    The turning-point for the growth of the Fascist movement came by the end of 1920. Three important events were chiefly responsible for bringing new strength to the Fascist movement.
  • hitler joins the nazi party

    hitler joins the nazi party
  • Mussolini takes over in Italy

    Mussolini takes over in Italy
    Benito Mussolini (1883-1945) was fascist dictator of Italy from 1922 to 1943. He established himself as leader or il duce of the fascist party and ultimately hoped to take total control of Italy through the alliance with Hitler’s Germany; however, with the defeat of the Italian forces in WWII, Mussolini’s imperial dream quickly ended.
  • Establishment of the USSR

    Establishment of the USSR
    The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR or Soviet Union) was a union of socialist republics, which were run via the only recognized political party, the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. It existed from 1922 until 1991. It stretched from the Baltic and Black Seas to the Pacific Ocean.
  • Death of Vladimir Lenin; control of USSR to Joseph Stalin; deaths of 8-13 million Russians

    Death of Vladimir Lenin; control of USSR to Joseph Stalin; deaths of 8-13 million Russians
    In May 1922 Lenin suffered the first of a series of strokes, less than a year later he suffered a second one.He tried to ensure that Trotsky and not Stalin succeeded him. In this endeavour he failed. Stalin was far too clever and astute even for Lenin. 1923 saw him decline further as he had another stroke which left him paralysed and speechless. He never fully recovered and died of a cerebral haemorrhage on January 21, 1924.
  • US and 61 other countries sign kellogg-Briand Pact

    US and 61 other countries sign kellogg-Briand Pact
    Treaty between the United States and other Powers providing for the renunciation of war as an instrument of national policy. Signed at Paris, August 27, 1928
  • japanese invasion of Manchuria

    japanese invasion of Manchuria
    In 1931, the Japanese Kwangtung Army attacked Chinese troops in Manchuria in an event commonly known as the Manchurian Incident. Essentially, this was an attempt by the Japanese Empire to gain control over the whole province, in order to eventually encompass all of East Asia. This proved to be one of the causes of World War 1.
  • hitler becomes chancellor of germany, establishing the third reich

    hitler becomes chancellor of germany, establishing the third reich
    Both inside and outside Germany, the term “Third Reich” was often used to describe the Nazi regime in Germany from January 30, 1933, to May 8, 1945. Both inside and outside Germany, the term “Third Reich” was often used to describe the Nazi regime in Germany from January 30, 1933, to May 8, 1945.
  • roosevelt takes office

    roosevelt takes office
    This was his second term, but first time being elected.
  • US begins passing neutrality acts

    US begins passing neutrality acts
    A series of acts passed in 1935, 1936, 1937, and 1939 to limit U.S. involvement in possible future wars and that was created in response to the belief that U.S. involvement in World War I resulted from loans and trade with the Allies.
  • hitler begins military buildup

    hitler begins military buildup
    Even though the Treaty did not allow a German military build-up, France and Great Britain did not challenge Hitler's military growth.
  • civil war begins in spain under francisco franco

    civil war begins in spain under francisco franco
  • german troops invade rhineland

    german troops invade rhineland
  • italian troops conquer ethiopia

    italian troops conquer ethiopia
  • japan invades china

    japan invades china
  • hitler announces secret plans for lebensraum

    hitler announces secret plans for lebensraum
  • hitler takes austria

    hitler takes austria
  • munich agreement, sudetenland to germany

    munich agreement, sudetenland to germany
    settlement reached by Germany, Great Britain, France, and Italy that permitted German annexation of the Sudetenland in western Czechoslovakia.
  • franco is successful in spain

    franco is successful in spain
  • totalitarian government established in USSR

    totalitarian government established in USSR
  • russian army into finland (finns surrender in three months)

    russian army into finland (finns surrender in three months)
  • czechoslovakia fails to hitler

    czechoslovakia fails to hitler
  • non-aggression pact, germany and russia; divide poland

    non-aggression pact, germany and russia; divide poland
    In 1939, Adolf Hitler was preparing for war. Though he was hoping to acquire Poland without force (as he had annexed Austria the year before), Hitler was planning against the possibility of a two front war. Since fighting a two front war in World War I had split Germany's forces, it had weakened and undermined their offensive; thus, played a large role in Germany losing the First World War. Hitler was determined not to repeat the same mistakes. So, he planned ahead and made a pact with the Sovie
  • german invasion of poland; blitzkrieg

    german invasion of poland; blitzkrieg
  • british and french defeat at dunkirk

    british and french defeat at dunkirk
  • italy enters the war on the side of germany and invades france

    italy enters the war on the side of germany and invades france
  • german invasion of denmark and norway

    german invasion of denmark and norway
  • defeat of the netherlands, belgium and luxembourg by germany

    defeat of the netherlands, belgium and luxembourg by germany
  • france surrenders to germany

    france surrenders to germany
  • plans for an invasion of great britain; beginning of battle of britain

    plans for an invasion of great britain; beginning of battle of britain