• McKinley Tariff

    McKinley Tariff
    Permitted all countries to ship sugar duty-free to the U.S. and gave sugar producers in the U.S. a subsidy of two cents per pound, which cauased sugar prices to drop, and the Hawaiian economy suffered.
  • Teller Amendment

    Teller Amendment
    Resolution stating that the United States did not intend to take over and annex Cuba.
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    Spanish American War

    In order to help Cuba attain independence from Spain, U.S. battled against Spanish troops in the Philippines, Cuba, and Puerto Rico and ended up gaining claim of them all.
  • Annexation of Hawaii

    Annexation of Hawaii
    Hawaii resisted U.S. government's attempts to annex it, but finally gave in when McKinley became president.
  • Annexation of the Philippines

    Annexation of the Philippines
    After a fierce debate, the Senate narrowly approved the peace treaty, and paid $20 million dollars to annex the Philippines.
  • The Boxer Rebellion

    The Boxer Rebellion
    Revolt in which Chinese nationalists known as Boxers attacked foreigners in order to end foreign involvement in China's affairs.
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    U.S. and the Panama Canal

    President Roosevelt knew that building a canal across the Isthmus of Panama would create a highway of civilation, so with the help of John Hay, Philippe Bunau-Varilla, and the Panamanians, U.S. helped Panama get independence and build the canal.
  • Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty

    Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty
    Agreement that gave United States sovereignty over a 10-mile-wide canal zone across the Isthmus of Panama.
  • Roosevelt Corollary

    Roosevelt Corollary
    President Roosevelt's addition to the Monroe Doctrine which stated that the U.S. would police affairs in the Western Hemisphere to keep Europeans from intervening in the region.
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    The Great White Fleet

    The U.S. Navy completed a circumnavigation of the globe to demonstrate growing American military power and blue-water navy capability.
  • Dollar Diplomacy

    Dollar Diplomacy
    President Taft's policy of influencing Latin American affairs through economic influence rather than military force.