Latin America History Timeline

  • Jan 1, 1494

    Treaty of Tordesillas

    Treaty of Tordesillas
    This is when Portugal gained control of what today is Brazil. This happened because Spain and Portugal decided to make a treaty to divide outh America into parts. Brazil is the biggest country in South America probably because of this pact.
  • Jan 1, 1519

    The Spanish Conquest

    The Spanish Conquest
    This is when Hernando Cortes landed on the coast of Mexico and came into the land of the Aztecs. Cortes had conquered the Aztec's city of Tenochtitlan. Tenochtitlan is under of what Mexico City is today.
  • Jan 1, 1519

    De Soto Discovers the Mississippi River

    As De Soto was discovering new things that were in the land of Mexico. With the permission of the King, he wanted to go explore Florida. He ended discovering the Mississippi when he went up to Texas, and Arkansas.
  • Mar 1, 1519

    Cortes Discovering Mexico

    Cortes Discovering Mexico
    Hernando Cortes s set foot on the coast of Mexico in 1519. He had help with him. Cortes had come to the New World with Columbus to set foot on some new land. He conquered Mexico and the Aztec empire.
  • Jan 1, 1532

    Francisco Pizarro invades Peru

    Francisco Pizarro invades Peru
    He came into the land of what today is Peru. He conquered the inca empire. Where he killed thousands of Incas. They were offered gold, so they took it and the Incas were imprisoned.
  • Diamond Found in Minas Gerais

    Minas Gerais is one of the states located in Brazil. It is, in fact, one of the richest states in Brazil. When at first gold was found in this place, later on people began to find more precious gems like the aquamarine and the emerald.
  • Haiti Splits in two

    Haiti was one big country at first. But then it split into two, from Haiti, to Haiti and the Dominican Republic. This happened because the Spaniards and the French got to the island, and they decided to split it up by which side each one of them had.
  • Adam Onis Treaty

    Adam Onis Treaty
    Divided the land into the Spanish land and the American Land. The United States was willing to pay $5 million to keep the land. Mexico regained position of parts of what today is Texas, California, New Mexico, and sections of other western countries.
  • Mexican Independence

    Mexican Independence
    After Spain ruled Mexico for many centuries, Mexico finally ganied their independence. They achieved it with the help of Agustin de Iturbide, who later in 1822 became the emperor. But then Benito Juarez fought to become president because he wanted to help to have better education and many more ideas.
  • Independence of Brazil

    Independence of Brazil
    After Napolean defeated them, many Brazilians demanded direct independence from Portugal. They refused to do so. But thousands of people signed a petition asking the son of the King to become president or ruler of the independent country of Brazail.
  • United Provinces of Central America

    United Provinces of Central America
    After Mexico declared their independence from Spain in 1821, the other Central American countries got inspired to also gain their independence. All countries gained their freedom by 1823. They seperated themselves into the United Provinces of Central America.
  • United Provines Split

    United Provines Split
    The United Provinces were split into many different countries. They turned into El Salvador, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras and Guatemala. Later, other countries were becoming independent. like Panama breaking off and becoming their own country.
  • Mexican American War

    This war was about adding Texas to Mexico, or if the United States wanted to get Texas. It lasted about 3 years. And the Americans won Texas.
  • Mexico City Recovers

    The Liberals recover Mexico City and elect Benito Juarez as president. This was a disagreement between the Liberal and Conservative forces that were controlling the Mexico in the 19th Century. This was called the Reform War that lasted from 1857-1861.
  • Costa Rica introduced free schooling

    Costa Rica is one of the countries that have one of the highest literacy rates in South America. Most of the schools are high schools, middle schools, and most colleges. They care very much if people can an education.
  • Mexicans working on Railroads

    Mexicans working on Railroads
    Railroads were being constructed with about 16,000 Mexicans working on it to reach the West. About in 1912 they were finished. Mexicans were doing this job because Railroad companies supported immigration.
  • The Constructivist Movement

    The Constructivist Movement
    The Constructivist Movement was founded in Russia around 1913 by Vladimir Tatlin. This was inspired because Russia was doing many things wtih art that latin America liked. Soon, more and more people were thinking about art. In Mexico, most of the artists were all about muralism, where they painted about their life and the world surrounding them.
  • Cuban Revolution

    The Cuban Revolution was a successful armed revolt by Fidel Castro's 26th of July Movement. The Cuban revolution began when poorly armed rebels attacked the Moncada Barracks in Santiago and the barracks in Bayamo on 26 July 1953.
  • Maquiladoras invented

    Maquiladoras invented
    These maquiladoras created companies which allow great trading from Mexico to the U.S. This was the start of major manufacturing in the border of both countries. Along this border there is more than 4000 maquiladoras and about 1 million workers.
  • Alberto Fujimori Resigns

    Alberto Fujimori Resigns
    His presidency was from July 28th 1990 until 2000. He was known for bringing terrorism to Peru. The first time he tried to resign, the congress of the republic rejected. In 2008 he was held for prosecution because of the "crime against humanity".